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济南妇幼保健院收费价格普及大全济南无痛人流哪里较安全

2019年10月23日 19:59:26
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Business商业报道Companies and emissions企业使命Carbon copy复写本Some firms are preparing for a carbon price thatwould make a big difference一些公司准备使用碳价 这将带来极大的转变THE marketsfor CO2 have had about as good a year as Obamacare.对二氧化碳的市场管理就如同奥巴马医改一样,实施已有一年了。Europesemissions-trading system, the worlds largest carbon market, collapsed inApril.欧洲碳排放交易系统作为全球最大的碳市场在今年四月崩溃。Australiasnew government is killing off that countrys fledgling market.澳大利亚的新任政府正在遏止该国羽翼未丰的市场。Yet companiesare blithe.然而公司的经理人是很高兴的。Internal carbon prices, the price of a tonne of CO2 used for planning purposes within firms, are becoming an increasingly common business tool.Perhaps firms know something that markets and politicians do not.内部碳价作为用于公司内部计划目的的每吨二氧化碳的价格,正逐步成为一个常用的商业工具。或许企业的管理者知道与此相关的事物,而这却不在市场及政治家考虑的范围之内。A study byCDP, a research group, asked large firms based or operating in America whattools they had for managing risk; 29 said they used an internal carbon price.一个名为CDP的研究机构做了一项调查。该调查询问美国的公司或在美国经营的公司采用何种方式进行风险管理。29家公司表示他们用内部碳价进行风险管理。Anecdotally, more apply such a price but did not mention it as a risk-mitigation measure.更为让人惊奇的是,更多的公司运用这种策略却不称之为风险缓和措施。This is the first economy-wide picture of how farinternal carbon pricing has gone and what it is used for.这是第一幅展现内部碳价的作用的经济全景图。The pricesrange from 6-7 a tonne of carbon dioxide at Microsoft to 60 a tonne at ExxonMobil.每吨二氧化碳的定价根据公司不同而不同,从微软每吨6-7美元到埃克森美孚每吨60美元。The span is not surprising, since companies use carbon prices for different purposes.因为各个公司出于不同的目的制定碳价,这种差别并非惊人。As a rule, those whose assets have a long productive lifeand which might be affected by green policies far into the future use higher prices than consumer-goods firms whose products aremainly influenced by current policies.通常,那些生产较长寿命的设备的公司及在未来受环保政策影响的公司的碳价比那些主要受当前政策影响的消费品公司的高。For manycompanies the aim is to prepare themselves for future environmentallegislation.对许多公司来说,他们制定碳价的目的是为将来的应对环保立法做准备。AEP, a power supplier, says it uses the system because it assumesa price of carbon…will begin in the US by roughly 2020.美国电力公司这个电力供应商称他们利用该定价系统因为该公司人碳价…大约会在2020年在整个美国普及。Delta AirLines says it uses a price for evaluating flights to Europein anticipation of compliance with EU ETS.德尔塔航空公司称该公司利用定价机制评估飞往欧洲的航班,以期欧洲电信标准作出让步。This is notthe only reason.这并非唯一的原因。Many firms use an internal carbon price to calculate the valueof future projects and to guide investment decisions.许多公司利用内部碳价计算未来项目的价值从而指导投资决策。Conoco Phillips, an oilfirm, requires that capital projects worth over 75m calculate the cost ofemissions based on a price of between 8 and 46 a tonne, depending on the lifeof the project.康菲石油公司要求超过7500万美元的重要项目,必须根据项目的生命周期以每吨8-46美元的价格计算二氧化碳排放的成本。The forecast value of a new oilfield would be: estimated outputmultiplied by the estimated future oil price minus development costs and carbonemissions.估计一个新油田的价值将会是:预计产量+预估未来的油价-开发成本-碳排放成本。Shell,another oil company, applies a carbon price—40 a tonne—to some currentoperations, not only future ones.另一个石油公司英荷壳牌不仅仅对未来的项目,即便是当下运作的项目,也采取每吨40美元的碳价。The idea is to identify tall poppies.这一思想旨在确认最高碳价。The price implies that existing projectscould spend up to 40 to reduce a tonne of CO2.该定价暗示现有项目每减少一吨二氧化碳的排放需花费40美元。Angus Gillespie, Shells vice-president for CO2, says we applythe carbon price as much to spur mitigation as to quantify risks.英荷壳牌负责二氧化碳事宜的副总裁安格斯?吉莱斯皮称我们运用碳价来尽可能地缓解量化危机。Disney, amedia conglomerate, goes further still.媒体企业集团迪斯尼公司走得更深更远。It invests in schemes to offset orreduce carbon emissions and charges the cost of these to business units in proportionto how much they contribute to the companys overall emissions.该公司投资商业计划来抵消或减少碳排放并将碳排放的成本按照它们占公司总排放量的比例纳入商业单位。In effect, thisworks like an internal carbon tax.实际上,这就相当于一种内部碳税。Perhaps themost intriguing thing about the prices, though, is how high some of them are.可能碳价最吸引人的地方就是它们能达到多高。The market price of carbon is 4.90 per tonne of CO2 in the EU, 11.50in California.每吨二氧化碳排放的市场价在欧洲是4.9欧元,加利福尼亚是11.5美元。Big oil companies charge 34 or more. That is closer to the social cost ofcarbon—the damage from an extra tonne of CO2—than to the market price.大型石油公司定价为34美元或更多。这比市场碳价更接近社会碳成本—一吨碳导致的破坏。Americasadministration recently estimated the social cost at 37 a tonne.美国行政机构近期估计社会碳成本是每吨37美元。These priceschange behaviour.这些定价改变人们的行为。A huge amount of attention is paid to government action.人们更加重视政府的行动。But the sort of carbon price some companies are using for planning would, if itbecame a market price, have a much bigger impact than any of the policies thatgovernments are now talking about.但是某些公司运用这种碳价来制定商业计划,倘若该价格成为市场价格,将会比政府现在讨论的任何政策产生更大的影响。 /201312/269273济南中医药大学二附院院长是谁Business商业报道Miners in Zimbabwe津巴布韦的矿业公司Zimplats happens本地化进程如期而至,津巴布韦铂金矿业公司无奈顺从Robert Mugabes government wins a victory for indigenisation 罗伯特?穆加贝政府因本地化策略获胜WHEN, a year ago, Zimbabwe confirmed plans to make all white- and foreign-owned companies cede a 51% stake of their local operations to black Zimbabweans, it was taken as a bit of a joke.一年前,当津巴布韦确定迫使所有白人或外国控股的公司在当地运作的51%的股票转让给津巴布韦黑人时,大家都将其视为一个玩笑,another populist ploy by President Robert Mugabes Zanu-PF party to attract support ahead of impending elections. 这是总统罗伯特?穆加贝的非洲民族联盟在为即将到来的大选赢得持的平民主义伎俩。As late as last August David Brown, head of Impala Platinum , the worlds second-biggest platinum producer, was still confident that the 51% will not happen.就算在八月份,全球第二大铂金生产商帕拉铂金公司的CEO大卫·布朗仍然非常自信那51%股票转让是不会发生的Well, it has done, leaving other miners in Zimbabwe shaking in their boots. 然而,这一进程终究到来,津巴布韦其他的矿业公司为此惊慌失措。After months of haggling and threats, Impala this week announced a plan to transfer at an appropriate value a 51% holding in Zimplats, its Zimbabwean subsidiary. 历经数月的讨价还价和威胁恐吓之后,帕拉铂金公司宣布了以合适价格转让其子公司津巴布韦白金矿业公司51%股权的计划。Zimplats, in which Impala has an 87% stake, is the biggest platinum producer in the country, with a market value of around .2 billion. 帕拉铂金公司拥有津巴布韦白金矿业公司87%的股权。津巴布韦白金矿业公司是该国最大的铂金生产者,市值大约12亿美元。Together with the smaller Mimosa mine in Zimbabwe, in which Impala owns a 50% stake, it accounts for over 40% of the London-listed miners global platinum reserves.加上帕拉铂金公司拥有50%股权的较小的含羞草铂金矿,它占伦敦上市的矿业公司全球铂金储量的40%。Saviour Kasukuwere , Zimbabwes powerful minister of indigenisation and youth, has accepted the plan in principle as complying with the indigenisation law. 津巴布韦本土化部部长萨维奥·卡苏库维利原则上已经接受了该计划,该计划原则上和本地化法一致。But the details—particularly what price will be paid for the shares—have been left to a joint technical team. 但是细节问题,特别是股票的价格问题都留给联合技术小组解决。In the past, Mr Kasukuwere has insisted there will be no compensation because the minerals under the ground aly belong to us.过去,卡苏库维利坚持不给补偿,因为地下的矿产本就属于我们,So why should we pay?我们为什么为之付费?Besides, the cash-strapped government, which pays employees an average of just 0 a month, does not have the funds.而且政府资金紧缺,公务员每月平均薪水仅为250美元,更没有相关资金补偿。Under Impalas proposals, a 10% stake in Zimplats would be sold to a community trust and a further 10% to an employee trust after an independent valuation. 帕拉铂金公司提议津巴布韦白金矿业公司10%的股份将会出售给社会信托,而另外10%的股份在独立估价后会售与员工信托。Zimplats will lend the two trusts the money for the share purchases, which they will repay from dividends—assuming these continue. 津巴布韦白金矿业公司将会借贷给两个信托公司用于购买股份,两个公司将用分红偿还。The company expects fair-value compensation for a tract of land ceded to the government in 2006. 该公司希望能够就2006年割让给政府的大片土地获得合理补偿。Only on receipt of that, Zimplats says, would it make available for sale a final 31% stake for cash at an independently determined fair value. 巴布韦白金矿业公司表示唯有接受那个条件,最后31%的股份才会以独立估定的合理价格出售。But the government has not yet agreed to any of this.但是政府还没有同意这一要求。After a decade of recession between 1998 and 2008, when GDP halved, Zimbabwes economy is growing again, thanks to the replacement of its worthless currency by the dollar in , and the worldwide commodity boom. 津巴布韦1998年到2008年十年的经济衰退之后GDP减半。由于年将其不值钱的货币替代为美元且全球商品繁荣,津巴布韦经济才开始复苏。But foreign investors are sorely needed to ensure that the recovery continues. 但是国外投资者亟需确认经济复苏仍会继续。They are reluctant to commit themselves as long as what one potential investor described as this madness continues.只要那位投资者称之为疯狂举动的本地化仍在继续,国外投资者就不愿意投资。And continue it will. 这一举动当然会继续。Buoyed b y winning his first big scalp , Mr Kasukuwere will now be pursuing others, including foreign-owned banks and retailers, with threats of revoking licences, seizing assets and even jailing executives. 卡苏库维利正因为赢得头场胜利而得意洋洋,他会利用吊销执照,没收资产甚至拘禁经理等手段威胁其他人,包括外资和零售商。He says he wants the whole indigenisation process completed before the elections. 他表示想在大选前完成所有的本地化进程。Those could be held later this year, if Mr Mugabe gets his way .如果穆加贝先生得偿所愿,大选就在今年晚些时候举行。 /201307/247592济南阳光医院地址查询济阳县中医院治疗宫颈糜烂多少钱

济南宫颈肥大疗法济南妇产医院做人流Yael: Welcome to A Moment of Science, the popular science radio show thats both fun and informative. Todays Topic on Moment of Science is: Youre Fired. Hey, did I that right?雅艾尔:欢迎来到科普广播节目——科学时刻,这是一个既有趣又丰富的节目。今天科学时刻的主题是:你被炒了。嘿,我读的对吗?Don: Yep. Youre fired. How do you feel?唐:对。你被炒了。感觉如何?Yael: What do you mean, how do I feel?雅艾尔:你说“感觉如何”是什么意思?Don: I mean, do you feel less healthy than before I fired you? Hows your weight? What about your cholesterol rate?唐:我是说,你觉得你没有被解雇之前健康吗?你的体重如何?你的胆固醇怎么样?Yael: Okay, okay...this is one of your set-ups. Im not really fired, am I?雅艾尔:好吧,好吧...这又是你的实验之一。我并没有真的被解雇,对吗?Don: Well, no. Its all a cruel ploy to get me to todays subject... which is that job insecurity can affect your health.唐:嗯,没有。这是一种引导话题的残酷手段,今日的话题就是就业不安全感会影响你的健康。Yael: Yeah. It just about gave me a heart attack.雅艾尔:是的。刚刚的确把我吓出心脏病了。Don: A study in the American Journal of Public Health shows that heart attacks are no joke for people who suspect they are going to be laid off. Over four years, a study group with imperiled jobs was found to have a forty to sixty percent greater occurrence of heart disease than a control group whose jobs were secure. And thats not all. People in insecure jobs also gained weight, overslept, tended to avoid exercise, and had higher cholesterol rates.唐:一项发表在《美国公共卫生杂志》的研究表明,对于那些怀疑自己会被解雇的人来说,心脏病可不是开玩笑的。四年来,一个研究小组发现,与工作有保障的对照组相比,工作不稳定的人心脏病发作的几率要高百分之四十至六十。问题还不止这些。工作不稳定的人还容易体重增加,失眠,总是避免运动,胆固醇也偏高。Yael: Wow. I guess the shaky economy hurts everything. Even our bodies!雅艾尔:哇。我想经济萧条会伤害一切。甚至是人们的身体!Don: Even our bodies. 唐:甚至是我们的身体。原文译文属!201305/239948济南456医院挂号预约山东济南阳光女子医院做人流怎么样贴吧

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