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时间:2019年10月21日 19:47:57

Happy Thanksgiving! Given the holiday, we are releasing the President's weekly address today. In this , President Obama calls to our attention the men and women in uniform who are away from home sacrificing time with family to protect our safety and freedom. He also talks about the progress of health care reform, the Recovery Act, and job creation to ensure that next Thanksgiving will be a brighter day.Download Video: mp4 (115MB) | mp3 (4MB) 11/90387

There has been a change of government.政府发生了变化。It began two years ago, when the House of Representatives became Democratic by a decisive majority.这种变化开始于两年前民主党在众议院取得决定性多数席位的时候,It has now been completed. The Senate about to assemble will also be Democratic.现在已告完成。即将组成的参议院也将由民主党占据多数席位。The offices of President and Vice-President have been put into the hands of Democrats.总统和副总统的职务都已交与民主党人执掌。What does the change mean? That is the question that is uppermost in our minds to-day.这种变化意味着什么呢?这是如今盘旋于我们脑海中的最主要的问题。That is the question I am going to try to answer, in order, if I may, to interpret the occasion.这也是今天我要试图回答的问题,如果可以的话,我要阐明其中的缘由。It means much more than the mere success of a party.这种变化何止意味着一个政党的胜利。The success of a party means little except when the Nation is using that party for a large and definite purpose.一个政党的胜利是不足称道的,除非国家要利用这个政党达到一个重大而明确的目标,No one can mistake the purpose for which the Nation now seeks to use the Democratic Party.谁都不会误解国家现在想利用民主党所要达到的目的。It seeks to use it to interpret a change in its own plans and point of view.它要利用民主党来阐明国家的规划和立场中的某种变化。Some old things with which we had grown familiar, and which had begun to creep into the very habit of our thought and of our lives,某些陈旧的事物虽已为我们所熟悉,并已开始不知不觉地进入我们的思想习惯和生活习惯,have altered their aspect as we have latterly looked critically upon them, with fresh, awakened eyes;但是,当我们后来以新的、觉醒的眼光批判地看待这些事物时,它们却面目全非,have dropped their disguises and shown themselves alien and sinister.卸下了伪装,显得陌生而又邪恶。Some new things, as we look frankly upon them, willing to comprehend their real character,而某些新生事物,当我们实事求是地看待并愿意了解它们的实质时,have come to assume the aspect of things long believed in and familiar, stuff of our own convictions.便开始呈现出我们久已相信和熟悉的事物特征,即我们自己坚信不移的那些东西。We have been refreshed by a new insight into our own life.我们以一种新的眼光来洞察自己的生活,从而我们的精神也为之一振。We see that in many things that life is very great.从许多方面来看,生活是非常伟大的。It is incomparably great in its material aspects, in its body of wealth, in the diversity and sweep of its energy,它在物质方面,在财富数量方面,在能量的多样性和威力方面,in the industries which have been conceived and built up by the genius of individual men and the limitless enterprise of groups of men.在以个人天赋和群体的无限创造力所构想、建立起来的工业方面,都是无比伟大的,It is great, also, very great, in its moral force.它在道德力量方面是伟大的,而且同样是极其伟大的。Nowhere else in the world have noble men and women exhibited in more striking forms the beauty and the energy of sympathy世界上再没有什么地方有这样高尚的男女能如此出色地表现出同情、and helpfulness and counsel in their efforts to rectify wrong, alleviate suffering, and set the weak in the way of strength and hope.互助、协商的美妙境界和巨大能量。他们努力补偏救弊、弥患纾难,扶助弱者以增加力量和希望。We have built up, moreover, a great system of government, which has stood through a long age as in many respects a model for those不仅如此,我们还建立起了一个伟大的政治体制,这个政治体制在很长一段时期中经受了考验,who seek to set liberty upon foundations that will endure against fortuitous change, against storm and accident.在很多方面成为那些试图把自由建立在经得起偶然变故、狂风暴雨和意外事件的基础上的人们的楷模。Our life contains every great thing, and contains it in rich abundance.我们的生活拥有一切伟大事物,丰富而充足。But the evil has come with the good, and much fine gold has been corroded. With riches has come inexcusable waste.但是,罪恶与善良俱来,纯金常被腐蚀。不可原谅的浪费与富足并至。We have squandered a great part of what we might have used, and have not stopped to conserve the exceeding bounty of nature,我们浪费了一大部分本来可资利用的东西,我们至今还没有停止挥霍浪费,来保存大自然的慷慨恩赐。without which our genius for enterprise would have been worthless and impotent, scorning to be careful, shamefully prodigal as well as admirably efficient.如果没有这些恩赐,我们的创业天赋很可能变得毫无价值和无所作为,我们鄙视谨慎行事,我们的生产效率固然值得赞美,我们的浪费却十分可耻。02/444783

TRANSCRIPT OF THE PRIME MINSTER'S FIRST AUDIO BROADCAST ON THE NUMBER 10 WEBSITE. 11 FEBRUARY 2000 Hello and welcome to what I am sure will be the first of many direct broadcasts from the Downing Street website. I'm sitting here at my desk in Downing Street in front of my PC terminal, which I'm just getting to use after many years of not really wanting to come to terms with the new computer technology. I did a course. I'm coming to terms with it. I'm using the new PC terminal and it really brings me to reflect upon what I wanted to say to you this week, which is of course the importance of education and skills-the importance of education and skills for everyone including adults but most particularly for our children. My children, like others, are having to learn the new technology. They have to become expert at it and they are going to be leaving school and going to work in a world in which skill and talent and ability is not just their route to personal fulfilment, it is their route to prosperity. They will need those skills and talents if they have got any chance of succeeding. And the country needs them to be highly skilled as well. In Britain, we've always been excellent at educating an elite well. The top 20 per cent have always been pretty well educated. But for the majority, the standards just haven't been high enough. We've had a poverty of ambition and aspiration which has meant that large numbers of people leave school either without qualifications or without nearly the qualifications they need. Our vision for the education system is really like this. We need education throughout life. Everyone understands that. It has to begin at a young age so the first stage is nursery education for the four year olds and three year olds. And we're pretty well on the way to achieving that. The four year olds have now got the chance of decent nursery education. We've doubled the numbers of three year olds who get the chances of nursery education and will extend that further over time. Then after that, at the second stage, we need primary schools that really focus on the basics - getting literacy and numeracy right and I'll come back to that in a minute. And then the third stage is a comprehensive system. That isn't comprehensive in the sense of being so uniform that everyone gets the same type of teaching in the same way as if they were all of the same ability. But is comprehensive in the sense that everyone gets the chance of an equal opportunity dependent on their ability, to do the very best that they can. And the fourth stage is a university system where we're opening up access to more people and where we're building up really high class, high quality universities. So, going back to the primary school system, this week we had a report from OFSTED - which is the body that inspects all our schools and says how they're doing - we had a report which was good news in many ways and showed where we still have to improve. On the primary schools they've pointed out that, thanks to the reforms of the literacy and numeracy hour, then results of English and Maths for the test for 11 year olds had shot up to the best ever. And that's good news. It's a great tribute to the people and of course the teachers. And it's important in other ways too because what it meant was that we could see that the reforms introduced, which many people resisted at the time, have actually yielded good results, I think we're well on the way, with the reduction in infant class sizes and the new money that's going into primary school buildings to make our primary schools a place where kids can pretty much be guaranteed the very basics they need for later life education. What we've now got to do is turn our attention to the secondary schools. And here, in a sense, we've tolerated bad results and low expectations, particularly in some of the inner city comprehensives, for far too long. Now when I said we wanted a comprehensive system in which there was equal opportunity but where we didn't have a uniform system, what I meant by that was we need schools that all have strong headteachers, good discipline and ethos of hard work and learning, high quality motivated teachers, parents that get involved, good facilities - all these things are vital, and you can tell a good school the moment you walk through the door. Those things are, if you like, common to all good schools. But then we also need to recognise that children are of different abilities and we also need to recognise that schools can specialise in different types of subjects. So what we are now doing is, as well as trying to raise standards generally in the schools, developing specialist schools and, in fact by the year 2003, about a quarter of our secondary schools will be specialist schools. That means that they will specialise in science or languages or technology and they'll offer something particular, and a bit more in those specalties that don't just attract children to the school but also raise the standards in the school generally. Now along with all the other investment that we're putting in-with the changes in teachers' pay so that teachers can get an increase above the ordinary increase but related to standards of performance, along with the measures we're taking to train headteachers properly and to set up a new college of leadership for our schools where we're trying to develop the headteachers of the future - along with all these things, I think we will be able to build a secondary school system for the future that isn't about either returning to the old system where we divided kids up into successes and failures at the age of 11, but is getting away from, if you like, the 60s or 70s concept of the comprehensive school. So I think again there the OFSTED report said that we were making improvements. They said that the majority of schools were doing better than they were last year but we've got some way to go. And we've acknowledged that and I hope that the reforms that we're putting in place will help us get there. So, yes we've got a long way to go, but there's nothing more important in Britain than the sort of teenagers that emerge from our schools. And our aim has got to be that more and more of them get high quality, high class education that enables them to go into university or to develop their skills in a way that gives them the chance of fulfilling their own potential. And I think that's within our reach. We need the investment in our schools, but we need the reform and the modernisation too. So it's a long haul but this week's OFSTED report is important because it shows we can make a difference. I'm the first to say that we have to go even further. That education is my passion, the passion of this Government. We said it would be our number one priority. It is our number one priority. And I think we can say as a result of this report this week that, yes, there's much still to do but a lot has been achieved. Britain's schools are getting better step by step, and, as those reforms take root, and as people start to see the results of those reforms, then I think we can build the notion of high quality excellent education for all as the national purpose for Britain as we begin the 21st Century. 200705/13284

President Bush Presents Medal of Honor to Private First Class Ross Andrew McGinnis THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Welcome to the White House.A week ago on Memorial Day, the flag of the ed States flew in half-staff in tribute to those who fell in service to our country. Today we pay special homage to one of those heroes: Private First Class Ross Andrew McGinnis of the U.S. Army. Private McGinnis died in a combat zone in Iraq on December the 4th, 2006 -- and for his heroism that day, he now receives the Medal of Honor. In a few moments, the military aide will the citation, and the Medal will be accepted by Rosss mom and dad, Romayne and Tom. Its a privilege to have with us as well Becky and Katie, Rosss sisters.I also want to thank the other distinguished guests who have joined us: Mr. Vice President; Secretary Jim Peake of Veterans Affairs; Secretary Pete Geren of the Army; Secretary Michael Wynne of the Air Force; General Jim "Hoss" Cartwright, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. I appreciate other members of the administration for joining us.I want to thank members of the ed States Congress who have joined us today: Steve Buyer, John Peterson, Louie Gohmert. Thank you all for coming. I appreciate the Chaplain for the prayer. We welcome friends and family members of Ross, as well as members of the 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, including Charlie Company, thats with us today.Were also joined by Private McGinniss vehicle crew -- the very men who witnessed his incredible bravery. We welcome Sergeant First Class Cedric Thomas, Staff Sergeant Ian Newland, Sergeant Lyle Buehler, and Specialist Sean Lawson.A special welcome to the prior recipients of the Medal of Honor, whose presence here is -- means a lot to the McGinnis family. Thank you for coming.The Medal of Honor is the nations highest military distinction. Its given for valor beyond anything that duty could require, or a superior could command. By long tradition, its presented by the President. For any President, doing so is a high privilege.Before he entered our countrys history, Ross McGinnis came of age in the town of Knox, Pennsylvania. Back home they remember a slender boy with a big heart and a carefree spirit. He was a regular guy. He loved playing basketball. He loved working on cars. He wasnt too wild about schoolwork. (Laughter.) He had a lot of friends and a great sense of humor. In high school and in the Army, Ross became known for his ability to do impersonations. A buddy from boot camp said that Ross was the only man there who could make the drill sergeant laugh. (Laughter.)Most of all, those who knew Ross McGinnis recall him as a dependable friend and a really good guy. If Ross was your buddy and you needed help or you got in trouble, hed stick with you and be the one you could count on. One of his friends told a reporter that Ross was the type "who would do anything for anybody." That element of his character was to make all the difference when Ross McGinnis became a soldier in the Army. One afternoon 18 months ago, Private McGinnis was part of a humvee patrol in a neighborhood of Baghdad. From his position in the gun turret, he noticed a grenade thrown directly at the vehicle. In an instant, the grenade dropped through the gunners hatch. He shouted a warning to the four men inside. Confined in that tiny space, the soldiers had no chance of escaping the explosion. Private McGinnis could have easily jumped from the humvee and saved himself. Instead he dropped inside, put himself against the grenade, and absorbed the blast with his own body.By that split-second decision, Private McGinnis lost his own life, and he saved his comrades. One of them was Platoon Sergeant Cedric Thomas, who said this: "He had time to jump out of the truck. He chose not to. Hes a hero. He was just an awesome guy." For his actions, Private McGinnis received the Silver Star, a posthumous promotion in rank, and a swift nomination for the Medal of Honor. But it wasnt acclaim or credit that motivated him. Rosss dad has said, "I know medals never crossed his mind. He was always about friendships and relationships. He just took that to the ultimate this time."When Ross McGinnis was in kindergarten, the teacher asked him to draw a picture of what he wanted to be when he grew up. He drew a soldier. Today our nation recognizing -- recognizes him as a soldier, and more than that -- because he did far more than his duty. In the words of one of our commanding generals, "Four men are alive because this soldier embodied our Army values and gave his life."The day will come when the mission he served has been completed and the fighting is over, and freedom and security have prevailed. America will never forget those who came forward to bear the battle. America will always honor the name of this brave soldier who gave all for his country, and was taken to rest at age 19.No one outside this mans family can know the true weight of their loss. But in words spoken long ago, we are told how to measure the kind of devotion that Ross McGinnis showed on his last day: "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." Gospel also gives this assurance: "Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted." May the deep respect of our whole nation be a comfort to the family of this fallen soldier. May God always watch over the country he served, and keep us ever grateful for the life of Ross Andrew McGinnis.And now Id like to invite Mr. and Mrs. McGinnis to please come forward for the presentation, and the military aide will the citation for the Medal of Honor.The citation is : The President of the ed States of America, authorized by act of Congress, March 3rd, 1863, has awarded in the name of Congress the Medal of Honor to Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis, ed States Army, for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis distinguished himself by acts of gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty while serving as an M2 .50-caliber Machine Gunner, 1st Platoon, C Company, 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment, in connection with combat operations against an armed enemy in Adhamiyah, Northeast Baghdad, Iraq, on 4 December 2006.That afternoon his platoon was conducting combat control operations in an effort to reduce and control sectarian violence in the area. While Private McGinnis was manning the M2 .50-caliber Machine Gun, a fragmentation grenade thrown by an insurgent fell through the gunners hatch into the vehicle. Reacting quickly, he yelled "grenade," allowing all four members of his crew to prepare for the grenades blast. Then, rather than leaping from the gunners hatch to safety, Private McGinnis made the courageous decision to protect his crew. In a selfless act of bravery, in which he was mortally wounded, Private McGinnis covered the live grenade, pinning it between his body and the vehicle and absorbing most of the explosion.Private McGinnis gallant action directly saved four men from certain serious injury or death. Private First Class McGinnis extraordinary heroism and selflessness at the cost of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the ed States Army.(The Medal of Honor is presented.) (Applause.)200806/41925

[Nextpage视频演讲]President Obama speaks about the efforts New Orleans and the Gulf Coast have made to recover in the five years since Hurricane Katrina and talks of his Administration’s commitment to restore the area in the wake of Katrina and the BP Oil Spill.Download mp4 (249MB) | mp3 (24MB) [Nextpage文本]THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody. It is good to be back. (Applause.) It is good to be back. AUDIENCE MEMBER: It’s good to have you back! THE PRESIDENT: I’m glad. (Laughter.) And due to popular demand, I decided to bring the First Lady down here. (Applause.) We have just an extraordinary number of dedicated public servants who are here. If you will be patient with me, I want to make sure that all of them are acknowledged. First of all, you’ve got the governor of the great state of Louisiana -- Bobby Jindal is here. (Applause.) We have the outstanding mayor of New Orleans, Mitch Landrieu. (Applause.) We have the better looking and younger senator from Louisiana, Mary Landrieu. (Applause.) I believe that Senator David Vitter is here. David -- right here. (Applause.) We have -- hold on a second now -- we’ve got Congressman Joe Cao is here. (Applause.) Congressman Charlie Melancon is here. (Applause.) Congressman Steve Scalise is here. (Applause.) Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, who has been working tirelessly down here in Louisiana, Shaun Donovan. (Applause.) We’ve got our EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson here -- homegirl. (Applause.) Administrator of FEMA Craig Fugate is here. (Applause.) The person who’s heading up our community service efforts all across the country -- Patrick Corvington is here. (Applause.) Louisiana’s own Regina Benjamin, the Surgeon General -- (applause) -- a Xavier grad, I might add. (Applause.) We are very proud to have all of these terrific public servants here. It is wonderful to be back in New Orleans, and it is a great honor -- AUDIENCE MEMBER: We love you! AUDIENCE MEMBER: We can’t see you! THE PRESIDENT: It is a great honor -- (laughter) -- you can see me now? (Laughter.) Okay. It is a great honor to be back at Xavier University. (Applause.) And I -- it’s just inspiring to spend time with people who’ve demonstrated what it means to persevere in the face of tragedy; to rebuild in the face of ruin. I’m grateful to Jade for her introduction, and congratulate you on being crowned Miss Xavier. (Applause.) I hope everybody heard during the introduction she was a junior at Ben Franklin High School five years ago when the storm came. And after Katrina, Ben Franklin High was terribly damaged by wind and water. Millions of dollars were needed to rebuild the school. Many feared it would take years to reopen -- if it could be reopened at all. But something remarkable happened. Parents, teachers, students, volunteers, they all got to work making repairs. And donations came in from across New Orleans and around the world. And soon, those silent and darkened corridors, they were bright and they were filled with the sounds of young men and women, including Jade, who were going back to class. And then Jade committed to Xavier, a university that likewise refused to succumb to despair. So Jade, like so many students here at this university, embody hope. That sense of hope in difficult times, that's what I came to talk about today. It’s been five years since Katrina ravaged the Gulf Coast. There’s no need to dwell on what you experienced and what the world witnessed. We all remember it keenly: water pouring through broken levees; mothers holding their children above the waterline; people stranded on rooftops begging for help; bodies lying in the streets of a great American city. It was a natural disaster but also a manmade catastrophe -- a shameful breakdown in government that left countless men, and women, and children abandoned and alone. And shortly after the storm, I came down to Houston to spend time with some of the folks who had taken shelter there. And I’ll never forget what one woman told me. She said, “We had nothing before the hurricane. And now we’ve got less than nothing.” In the years that followed, New Orleans could have remained a symbol of destruction and decay; of a storm that came and the inadequate response that followed. It was not hard to imagine a day when we’d tell our children that a once vibrant and wonderful city had been laid low by indifference and neglect. But that’s not what happened. It’s not what happened at Ben Franklin. It’s not what happened here at Xavier. It’s not what happened across New Orleans and across the Gulf Coast. (Applause.) Instead this city has become a symbol of resilience and of community and of the fundamental responsibility that we have to one another. And we see that here at Xavier. Less than a month after the storm struck, amidst debris and flood-damaged buildings, President Francis promised that this university would reopen in a matter of months. (Applause.) Some said he was crazy. Some said it couldn’t happen. But they didn’t count on what happens when one force of nature meets another. (Laughter.) And by January -- four months later -- class was in session. Less than a year after the storm, I had the privilege of delivering a commencement address to the largest graduating class in Xavier’s history. That is a symbol of what New Orleans is all about. (Applause.) We see New Orleans in the efforts of Joycelyn Heintz, who’s here today. Katrina left her house 14 feet underwater. But after volunteers helped her rebuild, she joined AmeriCorps to serve the community herself -- part of a wave of AmeriCorps members who’ve been critical to the rebirth of this city and the rebuilding of this region. (Applause.) So today, she manages a local center for mental health and wellness. We see the symbol that this city has become in the St. Bernard Project, whose founder Liz McCartney is with us. (Applause.) This endeavor has drawn volunteers from across the country to rebuild hundreds of homes throughout St. Bernard Parish and the Lower Ninth Ward. I’ve seen the sense of purpose people felt after the storm when I visited Musicians’ Village in the Ninth Ward back in 2006. Volunteers were not only constructing houses; they were coming together to preserve the culture of music and art that’s part of the soul of this city -- and the soul of this country. And today, more than 70 homes are complete, and construction is underway on the Ellis Marsalis Center for Music. (Applause.) We see the dedication to the community in the efforts of Xavier grad Dr. Regina Benjamin, who mortgaged her home, maxed out her credit cards so she could reopen her Bayou la Batre clinic to care for victims of the storm -- and who is now our nation’s Surgeon General. (Applause.) And we see resilience and hope exemplified by students at Carver High School, who have helped to raise more than a million dollars to build a new community track and football field -- their “Field of Dreams” -- for the Ninth Ward. (Applause.) So because of all of you -- all the advocates, all the organizers who are here today, folks standing behind me who’ve worked so hard, who never gave up hope -- you are all leading the way toward a better future for this city with innovative approaches to fight poverty and improve health care, reduce crime, and create opportunities for young people. Because of you, New Orleans is coming back. (Applause.) And I just came from Parkway Bakery and Tavern. (Applause.) Five years ago, the storm nearly destroyed that neighborhood institution. I saw the pictures. Now they’re open, business is booming, and that’s some good eats. (Laughter.) I had the shrimp po’boy and some of the gumbo. (Applause.) But I skipped the b pudding because I thought I might fall asleep while I was speaking. (Laughter.) But I’ve got it saved for later. (Laughter.) Five years ago, many questioned whether people could ever return to this city. Today, New Orleans is one of the fastest growing cities in America, with a big new surge in small businesses. Five years ago, the Saints had to play every game on the road because of the damage to the Superdome. Two weeks ago, we welcomed the Saints to the White House as Super Bowl champions. (Applause.) There was also food associated with that. (Laughter.) We marked the occasion with a 30-foot po’boy made with shrimps and oysters from the Gulf. (Applause.) And you’ll be pleased to know there were no leftovers. (Laughter.) Now, I don’t have to tell you that there are still too many vacant and overgrown lots. There are still too many students attending classes in trailers. There are still too many people unable to find work. And there are still too many New Orleanians, folks who haven’t been able to come home. So while an incredible amount of progress has been made, on this fifth anniversary, I wanted to come here and tell the people of this city directly: My administration is going to stand with you -- and fight alongside you -- until the job is done. (Applause.) Until New Orleans is all the way back, all the way. (Applause.) When I took office, I directed my Cabinet to redouble our efforts, to put an end to the turf wars between agencies, to cut the red tape and cut the bureaucracy. (Applause.) I wanted to make sure that the federal government was a partner -- not an obstacle -- to recovery here in the Gulf Coast. And members of my Cabinet -- including EPA administrator, Lisa Jackson, who grew up in Pontchartrain Park -- (applause) -- they have come down here dozens of times. Shaun Donovan has come down here dozens of times. This is not just to make appearances. It’s not just to get photo ops. They came down here to listen and to learn and make real the changes that were necessary so that government was actually working for you. So for example, efforts to rebuild schools and hospitals, to repair damaged roads and bridges, to get people back to their homes -- they were tied up for years in a tangle of disagreements and byzantine rules. So when I took office, working with your outstanding delegation, particularly Senator Mary Landrieu, we put in place a new way of resolving disputes. (Applause.) We put in place a new way of resolving disputes so that funds set aside for rebuilding efforts actually went toward rebuilding efforts. And as a result, more than 170 projects are getting underway -- work on firehouses, and police stations, and roads, and sewer systems, and health clinics, and libraries, and universities. We’re tackling the corruption and inefficiency that has long plagued the New Orleans Housing Authority. We’re helping homeowners rebuild and making it easier for renters to find affordable options. And we’re helping people to move out of temporary homes. You know, when I took office, more than three years after the storm, tens of thousands of families were still stuck in disaster housing -- many still living in small trailers that had been provided by FEMA. We were spending huge sums of money on temporary shelters when we knew it would be better for families, and less costly for taxpayers, to help people get into affordable, stable, and more permanent housing. So we’ve helped make it possible for people to find those homes, and we’ve dramatically reduced the number of families in emergency housing. On the health care front, as a candidate for President, I pledged to make sure we were helping New Orleans recruit doctors and nurses, and rebuild medical facilities -- including a new veterans hospital. (Applause.) Well, we have resolved a long-standing dispute -- one that had tied up hundreds of millions of dollars -- to fund the replacement for Charity Hospital. And in June, Veterans Secretary Ric Shinseki came to New Orleans for the groundbreaking of that new VA hospital. In education, we’ve made strides as well. As you know, schools in New Orleans were falling behind long before Katrina. But in the years since the storm, a lot of public schools opened themselves up to innovation and to reform. And as a result, we’re actually seeing rising achievement, and New Orleans is becoming a model of innovation for the nation. This is yet another sign that you’re not just rebuilding -- you’re rebuilding stronger than before. Just this Friday, my administration announced a final agreement on .8 billion dollars for Orleans Parish schools. (Applause.) This is money that had been locked up for years, but now it’s freed up so folks here can determine best how to restore the school system. And in a city that’s known too much violence, that’s seen too many young people lost to drugs and criminal activity, we’ve got a Justice Department that's committed to working with New Orleans to fight the scourge of violent crime, and to weed out corruption in the police force, and to ensure the criminal justice system works for everyone in this city. (Applause.) And I want everybody to hear -- to know and to hear me thank Mitch Landrieu, your new mayor, for his commitment to that partnership. (Applause.) Now, even as we continue our recovery efforts, we’re also focusing on preparing for future threats so that there is never another disaster like Katrina. The largest civil works project in American history is underway to build a fortified levee system. And as I -- just as I pledged as a candidate, we’re going to finish this system by next year so that this city is protected against a 100-year storm. We should not be playing Russian roulette every hurricane season. (Applause.) And we’re also working to restore protective wetlands and natural barriers that were not only damaged by Katrina -- were not just damaged by Katrina but had been rapidly disappearing for decades. In Washington, we are restoring competence and accountability. I am proud that my FEMA Director, Craig Fugate, has 25 years of experience in disaster management in Florida. (Applause.) He came from Florida, a state that has known its share of hurricanes. We’ve put together a group led by Secretary Donovan and Secretary Napolitano to look at disaster recovery across the country. We’re improving coordination on the ground, and modernizing emergency communications, helping families plan for a crisis. And we’re putting in place reforms so that never again in America is somebody left behind in a disaster because they’re living with a disability or because they’re elderly or because they’re infirmed. That will not happen again. (Applause.) Finally, even as you’ve been buffeted by Katrina and Rita, even as you’ve been impacted by the broader recession that has devastated communities across the country, in recent months the Gulf Coast has seen new hardship as a result of the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill. And just as we’ve sought to ensure that we are doing what it takes to recover from Katrina, my administration has worked hard to match our efforts on the spill to what you need on the ground. And we’ve been in close consultation with your governor, your mayors, your parish presidents, your local government officials. And from the start, I promised you two things. One is that we would see to it that the leak was stopped. And it has been. The second promise I made was that we would stick with our efforts, and stay on BP, until the damage to the Gulf and to the lives of the people in this region was reversed. And this, too, is a promise that we will keep. We are not going to forget. We’re going to stay on it until this area is fully recovered. (Applause.) That’s why we rapidly launched the largest response to an environmental disaster in American history -- 47,000 people on the ground, 5,700 vessels on the water -- to contain and clean up the oil. When BP was not moving fast enough on claims, we told BP to set aside billion in a fund -- managed by an independent third party -- to help all those whose lives have been turned upside down by the spill. And we will continue to rely on sound science, carefully monitoring waters and coastlines as well as the health of the people along the Gulf, to deal with any long-term effects of the oil spill. We are going to stand with you until the oil is cleaned up, until the environment is restored, until polluters are held accountable, until communities are made whole, and until this region is all the way back on its feet. (Applause.) So that’s how we’re helping this city, and this state, and this region to recover from the worst natural disaster in our nation’s history. We’re cutting through the red tape that has impeded rebuilding efforts for years. We’re making government work better and smarter, in coordination with one of the most expansive non-profit efforts in American history. We’re helping state and local leaders to address serious problems that had been neglected for decades -- problems that existed before the storm came, and have continued after the waters receded -- from the levee system to the justice system, from the health care system to the education system. And together, we are helping to make New Orleans a place that stands for what we can do in America -- not just for what we can’t do. Ultimately, that must be the legacy of Katrina: not one of neglect, but of action; not one of indifference, but of empathy; not of abandonment, but of a community working together to meet shared challenges. (Applause.) The truth is, there are some wounds that have not yet healed. And there are some losses that can’t be repaid. And for many who lived through those harrowing days five years ago, there’s searing memories that time may not erase. But even amid so much tragedy, we saw stirrings of a brighter day. Five years ago we saw men and women risking their own safety to save strangers. We saw nurses staying behind to care for the sick and the injured. We saw families coming home to clean up and rebuild -- not just their own homes, but their neighbors’ homes, as well. And we saw music and Mardi Gras and the vibrancy, the fun of this town undiminished. And we’ve seen many return to their beloved city with a newfound sense of appreciation and obligation to this community. And when I came here four years ago, one thing I found striking was all the greenery that had begun to come back. And I was reminded of a passage from the book of Job. “There is hope for a tree if it be cut down that it will sprout again, and that its tender branch will not cease.” The work ahead will not be easy, and there will be setbacks. There will be challenges along the way. But thanks to you, thanks to the great people of this great city, New Orleans is blossoming again. Thank you, everybody. God bless you. And God bless the ed States of America. (Applause.)END 2:16 P.M. CDT[Nextpage相关报道]新奥尔良被淹5周年 奥巴马称持重建完成(图)美国总统奥巴马29日在新奥尔良出席“卡特里娜”飓风灾难5周年纪念活动,称赞这座城市重现生机,承诺联邦政府将持灾后重建,“直至工作完成”。  谈及同样令新奥尔良受害的墨西哥湾原油泄漏,奥巴马再次承诺“与新奥尔良人同在”,直至地区生态环境等完全复原。据新华社电  称赞复苏  奥巴马当天在路易斯安那泽维尔大学发表演讲。“卡特里娜”飓风过后,这座校园满是洪水,几成废墟,但不久即恢复正常教学。  奥巴马向投身灾后重建的人致敬:“因为你们,新奥尔良恢复原状。”  “新奥尔良本可以继续作为一种摧毁与衰亡的象征、一场风暴和不充分灾后应对的象征,但它现在象征坚韧,象征社区参与,象征我们彼此之间的基本责任感。”  “我们正共同帮助新奥尔良成为一个代表我们能在美国做到、而非不能做到的地方,”他说,“这必须是‘卡特里娜’的最终遗产:不是忽视,而是行动;不是冷漠,而是共鸣;不是遗弃,而是社区携手应对共同挑战。”  新奥尔良位于路易斯安那州东南部、密西西比河下游入海处,有“爵士乐摇篮”、文化熔炉之称。2005年8月29日,“卡特里娜”飓风重创墨西哥湾沿岸,新奥尔良八成城区遭淹,七成建筑损毁,至少1500人丧生,数十万人被迫离开家园。  如今,新奥尔良人口将近35万,恢复至“卡特里娜”风灾前80%的水平。美国凯泽家庭基金会今年5月至6月实施的调查显示,尽管59%的受访者认为新奥尔良人尚未完全从风灾中复原,但70%的市民相信这座城市在朝正确方向前进。暗批对手  新奥尔良当年遭“卡特里娜”袭击后,由于政府反应迟缓,数以万计灾民受困,市区陷入极端混乱状态,抢劫、强奸、袭警等暴力事件频发。  灾区悲惨场景经电视镜头传至世界,时任乔治·W·布什政府受到国内外舆论抨击。而飓风袭击新奥尔良数日后,布什才到灾区视察并下令军队参与救援。  奥巴马2008年竞选总统时激烈批评布什和共和党政府救灾不力。29日演讲中,这位民主党人总统虽然没有点名批评布什或共和党,但列举自己上任以来灾后重建进展,包括加固堤防系统、让更多灾民入住永久住宅,以同前任形成对比。  奥巴马说,“卡特里娜”风灾“是自然灾害,更是一场人为大灾难,政府可耻地崩溃,导致无数男人、女人和孩子遭到遗弃、孤立无援”。“我不需要告诉你们,这里还有太多空置且荒草蔓生的土地,太多学生在拖车改造的教室里上课,太多人无法找到工作,太多新奥尔良人无力回家。”  奥巴马说,所以,他来到新奥尔良,直接告诉这座城市的人们:“我这一届政府将与你们站在一起,与你们并肩作战,直至工作完成。”  承诺清油  奥巴马政府也面临应对灾害不力的指责。墨西哥湾漏油致使南部沿海州遭遇生态灾难,尽管对奥巴马政府处理漏油的批评声罕有当年人们批评布什政府那样愤怒,但一些人依然认为奥巴马政府反应迟缓、缺乏协调、对英石油太客气。  美联社评述,经过5年时常伴随挫折与绝望的灾后重建,新奥尔良正逐渐复原,但漏油污染却给这座历史名城造成又一次打击。当地民众曾目睹布什应对“卡特里娜”风灾时的糟糕表现,对政府承诺多持怀疑态度,奥巴马需要安抚他们。  “在华盛顿,我们正重塑政府职能与责任,”奥巴马29日在演讲中说,“我们正把改革落实到位,这样,美国永远不会有人在灾难中遭遗弃。”  他向新奥尔良人作出当天第二份承诺:“与你们站在一起,直到污油清理干净,环境恢复正常,漏油责任者受到惩处,社区完全得到修复,这一地区恢复原状”。  不过,按美联社说法,奥巴马当天只作承诺,没有宣布任何新政策,也没有向新奥尔良提供任何“实惠”。  五年过去了,伤疤依旧存在  2005年8月1日,辛西娅·莫里森在新奥尔良东部购买了她的第一栋房子。当月月底,当她准备偿还第一笔房贷的时候,卡特里娜飓风将她的房子从地图上抹去。  就在飓风登陆前一天,洪水已将整个城市的80%淹没,当洪水开始蔓延到莫里森的邻居家中,她被疏散到其他地方。  但莫里森并没有远离太久。尽管她失去了房子,但在飓风过去5个月后,莫里森回到新奥尔良,她要帮助那些在飓风中失去家园的人。  而今天,莫里森说,她不能离开。“我觉得新奥尔良就像一个我刚失去的恋人,我想要回到‘他’的身边,”莫里森说,“我真的觉得我别无选择,我在其他任何地方都无法看到幸福和快乐。”  在搬到新奥尔良之前,莫里森穿梭于这个城市,希望能找到一份新的工作。飓风过后,莫里森开始工作,她加入一个名叫“今日卡特里娜援助”的组织,协助城市的恢复与重建;一年后,她成为一名个案经理;如今,她成了该组织的社区康复副主任。  莫里森亲眼目睹了这一地区人们的受灾情况,他们的家园被损毁,他们的情绪被破坏,有些人甚至在灾难中失去了一切。莫里森说,参与重建工作拯救了她。“我能给灾民提供帮助,这是一个巨大的心理安慰,”她说,“这真的帮我实现了自我愈合。”  五年过去了,卡特里娜给新奥尔良人带来的伤疤依旧存在。据大新奥尔良数据中心和布鲁金斯学会最近的研究,飓风过后,新奥尔良的暴力犯罪事件增多,犯罪率远高于美国其他州。  如今,莫里森住在一个充斥着暴力犯罪的小区——当地人都熟知这一情况。虽然此前一年多莫里森没有遇到过暴力犯罪,但最近这一状况出现了变化。她家房子的两个门被击,子弹孔仍旧在门牌上面。一个星期后,她的一个邻居去探望孙子时被杀害。莫里森说,有时她睡在卧室的地板上,因为她担心子弹会打到家里来。  尽管有着潜在的危险,但莫里森说,她不准备离开。“我从不关心新奥尔良的犯罪或其他危险事件,我永远也不关心,”她说,“什么是可能发生的最糟糕的事情?死亡?这难道是最糟的?”  莫里森说,她依旧充满信心,她希望她的精神能传染给其他新奥尔良人,帮助他们克困难,继续重建家园。“人们离开这里,从此不再回来,这很容易,”她说,“相反,他们选择了回来。如果有人制造了障碍,我们就一定会绕过去!”编译/商靖  教育、医疗系统比受灾前更好  莫里森所在的“今日卡特里娜援助”组织给那些重建家园的人们提供热水器、空调以及电气工程管道等基本设施。他们还拨出资金,使灾民们的家中更加节能。  维罗尼卡·库珀是这一组织协助重建的对象之一。五年前,库珀一家八口躲在屋顶的阁楼上逃过了洪灾,包括她的三个孩子。虽然得以侥幸逃生,但库珀一家也失去了一切。飓风过去三天后,当库珀带着儿子走在街头,他们被一个喝醉酒的司机袭击。被“今日卡特里娜援助”组织营救后,库珀依然昏迷了好几天,并且住了三个多月的院。  如今,库珀已经完全康复。她说,她很高兴最终要回到自己的家。但库珀同时也指出,新奥尔良依然没有完全恢复正常,该城市的东部地区依旧零售业稀少,也缺少医院务,并且还能看到不少在飓风中损毁的房屋,空置的房子也依然不少。  大新奥尔良数据中心和布鲁金斯学会的研究数据显示,虽然新奥尔良的房屋空置率高,但地铁的繁荣程度已经恢复到飓风到来之前的90%。该研究数据还显示,新奥尔良的就业机会也已恢复到受灾前的85%。  该研究报告概述了一些在教育、医疗保健和刑事司法系统方面的改善方法,称目前这些方面已经比受灾前的新奥尔良更好。  此外,居民的工资和家庭收入比受灾前明显增加,该地区还出现了更多的高科技产业以及更多更好的学校。 但是研究人员指出,新奥尔良仍然面临重大挑战,比如经济,尤其是新奥尔良的柱产业旅游业及天然气业,在卡特里娜飓风中承受了毁灭性的打击,至今也没能完全恢复。201008/112609


文章编辑: 康泰时讯
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