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2018年03月24日 16:18:03来源:排名分享

that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void, and that acts of violence within any State or States而任何以此为目的的决议和法令在法律上都是无效的;至于任何一州against the authority of the ed States are insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances.或几州的反对合众国当局的暴力行为,都可以依据具体情况视为叛乱或革命行为。I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability,因此我认为,从宪法和法律的角度来看,联邦是不容分裂的;我也将竭尽全力,I shall take care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States.按照宪法明确赋于我的责任,坚决负责让联邦的一切法令在所有各州得以贯彻执行。Doing this I deem to be only a simple duty on my part, and I shall perform it so far as practicable unless my rightful masters,这样做,我认为只是履行我应负的简单职责;只要是可行的,我就一定要履行它,the American people, shall withhold the requisite means or in some authoritative manner direct the contrary.除非我的合法的主人美国人民,收回赋予我的不可缺少的工具,或行使他们的权威,命令我采取相反的行动。I trust this will not be regarded as a menace, but only as the declared purpose of the Union that it will constitutionally defend and maintain itself.我相信我这话决不会被看成是一种恫吓,而只会被看作实现联邦已公开宣布的目的,它必将按照宪法保卫和维持它自己的存在。In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence, and there shall be none unless it be forced upon the national authority.要做到这一点并不需要流血或使用暴力,除非有人把它强。The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the Government and to collect the duties and imposts;加于国家当局,否则便决不会发生那种情况。赋予我的权力将被用来保持、占有和掌管属于政府的一切财产和土地。but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of force against or among the people anywhere.征收各种税款和关税;但除开为了这些目的确有必要这外,决不会有什么入侵问题——决不会在任何地方对人民,或在人民之间使用武力。Where hostility to the ed States in any interior locality shall be so great and universal as to prevent competent resident citizens from holding the Federal offices,任何内地,即使对联邦政府的敌对情绪已十分严重和普遍,以致妨害有能力的当地公民执行联邦职务的时候,there will be no attempt to force obnoxious strangers among the people for that object.政府也决不会强制派进令人厌恶的外来人去担任这些职务。While the strict legal right may exist in the Government to enforce the exercise of these offices,尽管按严格的法律规定,政府有权强制履行这些职责,但一定要那样做,the attempt to do so would be so irritating and so nearly impracticable withal that I deem it better to forego for the time the uses of such offices.必然非常使人不愉快,也几乎不切实际,所以我认为最好还是暂时先把这些职责放一放。The mails, unless repelled, will continue to be furnished in all parts of the Union.邮政,除非遭到拒收,仍将在联邦全境运作。So far as possible the people everywhere shall have that sense of perfect security which is most favorable to calm thought and reflection.在可能的情况下,一定要让各地人民,都享有完善的安全感,这十分有利于冷静思索和反思。The course here indicated will be followed unless current events and experience shall show a modification or change to be proper,我在这里所讲的这些方针必将奉行,除非当前事态和实际经验表明修改或改变方针是合适的。and in every case and exigency my best discretion will be exercised, according to circumstances actually existing对任何一个事件和紧急问题,我一定会根据当时出现的具体形势谨慎从事,and with a view and a hope of a peaceful solution of the national troubles and the restoration of fraternal sympathies and affections.期望以和平手段解决国内纠纷,力图恢复兄弟爱手足情。02/436664。

  • This week, a new economic report confirmed what most Americans aly believe to be true: over the past three decades, the middle class has lost ground while the wealthiest few have become even wealthier. In fact, the average income for the top one percent of Americans has risen almost seven times faster than the income of the average middle class family. And this has happened during a period where the cost of everything from health care to college has skyrocketed.Now, in this country, we don’t begrudge anyone wealth or success – we encourage it. We celebrate it. But America is better off when everyone has had the chance to get ahead – not just those at the top of the income scale. The more Americans who prosper, the more America prospers.Rebuilding an economy where everyone has the chance to succeed will take time. Our economic problems were decades in the making, and they won’t be solved overnight. But there are steps we can take right now to put people back to work and restore some of the security that middle-class Americans have lost over the last few decades.Right now, Congress can pass a set of common-sense jobs proposals that independent economists tell us will boost the economy right away. Proposals that will put more teachers, veterans, construction workers and first responders back on the job. Proposals that will cut taxes for virtually every middle class family and small business in America. These are the same kinds of proposals that both Democrats and Republicans have supported in the past. And they should stop playing politics and act on them now.These jobs proposals are also paid for by asking folks who are making more than a million dollars a year to contribute a little more in taxes. These are the same folks who have seen their incomes go up so much, and I believe this is a contribution they’re willing to make. One survey found that nearly 7 in 10 millionaires are willing to step up and pay a little more in order to help the economy.Unfortunately, Republicans in Congress aren’t paying attention. They’re not getting the message. Over and over, they have refused to even debate the same kind of jobs proposals that Republicans have supported in the past – proposals that today are supported, not just by Democrats, but by Independents and Republicans all across America. And yet, somehow, they found time this week to debate things like whether or not we should mint coins to celebrate the Baseball Hall of Fame. Meanwhile, they’re only scheduled to work three more weeks between now and the end of the year.The truth is, we can no longer wait for Congress to do its job. The middle-class families who’ve been struggling for years are tired of waiting. They need help now. So where Congress won’t act, I will.This week, we announced a new policy that will help families whose home values have fallen refinance their mortgages and save thousands of dollars. We’re making it easier for veterans to get jobs putting their skills to work in hospitals and community health centers. We reformed the student loan process so more young people can get out of debt faster. And we’re going to keep announcing more changes like these on a regular basis.These steps will make a difference. But they won’t take the place of the bold action we need from Congress to get this economy moving again. That’s why I need all of you to make your voices heard. Tell Congress to stop playing politics and start taking action on jobs. If we want to rebuild an economy where every American has the chance to get ahead, we need every American to get involved. That’s how real change has always happened, and that’s how it’ll happen today.Thank you.201110/159425。
  • Download mp4 (109MB) | mp3 (3MB)From my family to yours, Irsquo;d like to wish you a happy Thanksgiving. Like millions of Americans, Michelle, Malia, Sasha and I will spend the day eating great food, watching a little football, and reflecting on how truly lucky we truly are.As Americans, each of us has our own list of things and people to be thankful for. But there are some blessings we all share.Wersquo;re especially grateful for the men and women who defend our country overseas. To all the service members eating Thanksgiving dinner far from your families: the American people are thinking of you today. And when you come home, we intend to make sure that we serve you as well as yoursquo;re serving America.Wersquo;re also grateful for the Americans who are taking time out of their holiday to serve in soup kitchens and shelters, making sure their neighbors have a hot meal and a place to stay. This sense of mutual responsibility ndash; the idea that I am my brotherrsquo;s keeper; that I am my sisterrsquo;s keeper ndash; has always been a part of what makes our country special. And itrsquo;s one of the reasons the Thanksgiving tradition has endured.The very first Thanksgiving was a celebration of community during a time of great hardship, and we have followed that example ever since. Even when the fate of our union was far from certain ndash; during a Civil War, two World Wars, a Great Depression ndash; Americans drew strength from each other. They had faith that tomorrow would be better than today. Wersquo;re grateful that they did. As we gather around the table, we pause to remember the pilgrims, pioneers, and patriots who helped make this country what it is. They faced impossible odds, and yet somehow, they persevered. Today, itrsquo;s our turn.I know that for many of you, this Thanksgiving is more difficult than most. But no matter how tough things are right now, we still give thanks for that most American of blessings, the chance to determine our own destiny. The problems we face didnrsquo;t develop overnight, and we wonrsquo;t solve them overnight. But we will solve them. All it takes is for each of us to do our part. With all the partisanship and gridlock here in Washington, itrsquo;s easy to wonder if such unity is really possible. But think about whatrsquo;s happening at this very moment: Americans from all walks of life are coming together as one people, grateful for the blessings of family, community, and country.If we keep that spirit alive, if we support each other, and look out for each other, and remember that wersquo;re all in this together, then I know that we too will overcome the challenges of our time.So today, Irsquo;m thankful to serve as your President and Commander-and-Chief. Irsquo;m thankful that my daughters get to grow up in this great country of ours. And Irsquo;m thankful for the chance to do my part, as together, we make tomorrow better than today.Thanks, and have a wonderful Thanksgiving.201111/162489。
  • [AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio. (2)]Less than three months ago at platform hearings in Salt Lake City, I asked the Republican Party to lift the shroud of silence which has been draped over the issue of HIV and AIDS. I have come tonight to bring our silence to an end. I bear a message of challenge, not self-congratulation. I want your attention, not your applause.I would never have asked to be HIV positive, but I believe that in all things there is a purpose; and I stand before you and before the nation gladly. The reality of AIDS is brutally clear. Two hundred thousand Americans are dead or dying. A million more are infected. Worldwide, forty million, sixty million, or a hundred million infections will be counted in the coming few years. But despite science and research, White House meetings, and congressional hearings, despite good intentions and bold initiatives, campaign slogans, and hopeful promises, it is -- despite it all -- the epidemic which is winning tonight.In the context of an election year, I ask you, here in this great hall, or listening in the quiet of your home, to recognize that AIDS virus is not a political creature. It does not care whether you are Democrat or Republican; it does not ask whether you are black or white, male or female, gay or straight, young or old.Tonight, I represent an AIDS community whose members have been reluctantly drafted from every segment of American society. Though I am white and a mother, I am one with a black infant struggling with tubes in a Philadelphia hospital. Though I am female and contracted this disease in marriage and enjoy the warm support of my family, I am one with the lonely gay man sheltering a flickering candle from the cold wind of his family’s rejection.This is not a distant threat. It is a present danger. The rate of infection is increasing fastest among women and children. Largely unknown a decade ago, AIDS is the third leading killer of young adult Americans today. But it won’t be third for long, because unlike other diseases, this one travels. Adolescents don’t give each other cancer or heart disease because they believe they are in love, but HIV is different; and we have helped it along. We have killed each other with our ignorance, our prejudice, and our silence. We may take refuge in our stereotypes, but we cannot hide there long, because HIV asks only one thing of those it attacks. Are you human? And this is the right question. Are you human? Because people with HIV have not entered some alien state of being. They are human. They have not earned cruelty, and they do not deserve meanness. They don’t benefit from being isolated or treated as outcasts. Each of them is exactly what God made: a person; not evil, deserving of our judgment; not victims, longing for our pity -- people, y for support and worthy of compassion.My call to you, my Party, is to take a public stand, no less compassionate than that of the President and Mrs. Bush. They have embraced me and my family in memorable ways. In the place of judgment, they have shown affection. In difficult moments, they have raised our spirits. In the darkest hours, I have seen them reaching not only to me, but also to my parents, armed with that stunning grief and special grace that comes only to parents who have themselves leaned too long over the bedside of a dying child.With the President’s leadership, much good has been done. Much of the good has gone unheralded, and as the President has insisted, much remains to be done. But we do the President’s cause no good if we praise the American family but ignore a virus that destroys it.We must be consistent if we are to be believed. We cannot love justice and ignore prejudice, love our children and fear to teach them. Whatever our role as parent or policymaker, we must act as eloquently as we speak -- else we have no integrity. My call to the nation is a plea for awareness. If you believe you are safe, you are in danger. Because I was not hemophiliac, I was not at risk. Because I was not gay, I was not at risk. Because I did not inject drugs, I was not at risk.My father has devoted much of his lifetime guarding against another holocaust. He is part of the generation who heard Pastor Nemoellor come out of the Nazi death camps to say, “They came after the Jews, and I was not a Jew, so, I did not protest. They came after the trade unionists, and I was not a trade unionist, so, I did not protest. Then they came after the Roman Catholics, and I was not a Roman Catholic, so, I did not protest. Then they came after me, and there was no one left to protest.”The -- The lesson history teaches is this: If you believe you are safe, you are at risk. If you do not see this killer stalking your children, look again. There is no family or community, no race or religion, no place left in America that is safe. Until we genuinely embrace this message, we are a nation at risk. Tonight, HIV marches resolutely toward AIDS in more than a million American homes, littering its pathway with the bodies of the young -- young men, young women, young parents, and young children. One of the families is mine. If it is true that HIV inevitably turns to AIDS, then my children will inevitably turn to orphans. My family has been a rock of support. My 84-year-old father, who has pursued the healing of the nations, will not accept the premise that he cannot heal his daughter. My mother refuses to be broken. She still calls at midnight to tell wonderful jokes that make me laugh. Sisters and friends, and my brother Phillip, whose birthday is today, all have helped carry me over the hardest places. I am blessed, richly and deeply blessed, to have such a family.But not all of you -- But not all of you have been so blessed. You are HIV positive, but dare not say it. You have lost loved ones, but you dare not whisper the word AIDS. You weep silently. You grieve alone. I have a message for you. It is not you who should feel shame. It is we -- we who tolerate ignorance and practice prejudice, we who have taught you to fear. We must lift our shroud of silence, making it safe for you to reach out for compassion. It is our task to seek safety for our children, not in quiet denial, but in effective action.Someday our children will be grown. My son Max, now four, will take the measure of his mother. My son Zachary, now two, will sort through his memories. I may not be here to hear their judgments, but I know aly what I hope they are. I want my children to know that their mother was not a victim. She was a messenger. I do not want them to think, as I once did, that courage is the absence of fear. I want them to know that courage is the strength to act wisely when most we are afraid. I want them to have the courage to step forward when called by their nation or their Party and give leadership, no matter what the personal cost. I ask no more of you than I ask of myself or of my children. To the millions of you who are grieving, who are frightened, who have suffered the ravages of AIDS firsthand: Have courage, and you will find support. To the millions who are strong, I issue the plea: Set aside prejudice and politics to make room for compassion and sound policy.To my children, I make this pledge: I will not give in, Zachary, because I draw my courage from you. Your silly giggle gives me hope; your gentle prayers give me strength; and you, my child, give me the reason to say to America, "You are at risk." And I will not rest, Max, until I have done all I can to make your world safe. I will seek a place where intimacy is not the prelude to suffering. I will not hurry to leave you, my children, but when I go, I pray that you will not suffer shame on my account.To all within the sound of my voice, I appeal: Learn with me the lessons of history and of grace, so my children will not be afraid to say the word "AIDS" when I am gone. Then, their children and yours may not need to whisper it at all.God bless the children, and God bless us all.Good night.200806/40927。
  • 本文本暂无音频Interview of the President and Former President Bush by Brit Hume, Fox NewsQ Mr. President, thank you for doing this. THE PRESIDENT: Yes, sir. Q Welcome back to FOX News Sunday. THE PRESIDENT: Thank you, sir. Q Less than two weeks to go -- how do you feel? THE PRESIDENT: You know, I've got mixed emotions. I'm going to miss being the Commander-in-Chief of the military. Earlier the past week I had the honor of having a military parade that said goodbye to the Commander-in-Chief and it was an emotional moment for me and Laura. Q Why? THE PRESIDENT: Just because I've got such great respect for the men and women who wear the uniform and I've been through a lot with them. I have called upon them to do hard tasks. I have met with the families of the fallen. I have been to Walter Reed to see the wounded. And I have been incredibly inspired by their courage, their bravery, their sacrifice. And I'm going to miss all the folks who have made our life so comfortable here in the White House. On the other hand I am looking forward to going back to Texas. I love Texas. I love my wife. And I'm excited about the next chapter in my life. And so all three of those things, you know, are the sweet part of the -- what's going to take place on January the 20th. Q People who come to see you here and meet with you, from the outside, are continually taken by surprise by your evident good humor and good mood and the fact that with low poll ratings and various troubles besetting the country and all you've been through, that you're not down -- that you're fine. And everybody remarks on it. How do you explain that? THE PRESIDENT: Well, I'm better than fine. I am proud of the accomplishments of this administration. I am thankful for the people that have worked so hard to serve our country. I know I gave it my all for eight years. And I did not sell my soul for the sake of popularity. And so when I get back home and look in the mirror I will be proud of what I see. Q You have said that you did not compromise your principles in the interest of popularity. How would you describe those principles? THE PRESIDENT: Well, one principle is I believe in the universality of freedom; that there is an Almighty, and a gift of that Almighty to every man, woman and child is freedom. And therefore it's incumbent upon those of us with influence to act upon that principle. And I'll give you a classic example. During the darkest days of Iraq people came to me and said, you're creating incredible political difficulties for us. And I said, oh, really, what do you suggest I do? Some suggested, retreat, pull out of Iraq. But I have faith that freedom exists in people's souls and, therefore, if given a chance, democracy -- an Iraqi style democracy could survive and work. I didn't compromise that principle for the sake of trying to bail out my political party, for example. Q Talk to me about the presidency as you found it -- its powers, its prerogatives, and how you feel you're leaving it. THE PRESIDENT: My presidency was defined by the attack on the country, and therefore used the powers inherent in the Constitution to defend this country. Q Did you find them intact? THE PRESIDENT: I found -- yes, I did find the presidential powers intact. I have at times used those powers in ways that people had not anticipated. For example, the idea of, within the law, being able to have our folks question known killers about their intention. Now, many of the decisions I made are being adjudicated. And of course I have lived by and future Presidents will live by the decisions of the Supreme Court. But as a wartime President -- what remained intact, by the way, was the Constitution, which we have honored. Q It has been argued that what you sought to do is exactly expand the powers of the presidency, or in the eyes of some -- perhaps in the eyes of the Vice President -- to restore them. How do you see that? THE PRESIDENT: I see the relationship between the presidency and the judiciary and the legislative branch as constantly changing throughout the history of the country. And the key thing that's important is that there still be checks and balances. And so however I interpreted the Constitution, I kept in mind what the Constitution said, the legality of what my decisions were; but I also fully understood the checks and balances inherent in our system. Q Now, you've spoken of the tools that you believe you put in place and which your successor will now inherit. How worried are you -- if at all -- that those tools will be corroded, relinquished in the -- because some of them have been -- THE PRESIDENT: Slightly criticized. (Laughter.) Q Well, to say the least. THE PRESIDENT: I would hope that the team that is -- has the honor of serving the country will take a hard look at the realities of the world and the tools now in place to protect the ed States from further attack. I would hope they would take a sober assessment -- and I believe they will. Q And what will they find? THE PRESIDENT: Well, they will find that with a considerable amount of care and concern for civil liberties, for example, that I have put in place procedures that will enable the professionals to better learn the intentions of al Qaeda, for example. They will realize, I think when they really study the issue carefully, that we have gone from an administration that was accused of not connecting dots to an administration that is connecting dots, you know, linking pieces of information to better protect the country, with the civil liberties of our citizens in mind. Q Now, the enhanced interrogation techniques, as some call them -- torture, as others call them-- are being argued over to this hour. Some are saying you never get any good information by rough stuff, and others have said -- more than once -- that if we hadn't used these techniques we wouldn't have had vital information and attacks could have been or would have been carried out on this country. Your view of that. THE PRESIDENT: My view is that the techniques were necessary and are necessary to be used on a rare occasion to get information necessary to protect the American people. One such person who gave us information was Khalid Sheikh Mohammed. He was the mastermind of the September the 11th, 2001 attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people on our soil. And I'm in the Oval Office and I am told that we have captured Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and the professionals believe he has information necessary to secure the country. So I ask what tools are available for us to find information from him, and they gave me a list of tools. And I said, are these tools deemed to be legal. And so we got legal opinions before any decision was made. And I think when people study the history of this particular episode they'll find out we gained good information from Khalid Sheikh Mohammed in order to protect our country. Q Well, how good and how important? And what's the -- THE PRESIDENT: We believe that the information we gained helped save lives on American soil. Q Can you be more specific than that? THE PRESIDENT: Well, I have said in speeches -- as a matter of fact, when this program was leaked to the press I actually gave a speech that said to the American people, yes, we're doing this. But I also emphasized we were doing it within the law. Look, I understand why people can get carried away on this issue. But generally they don't know the facts. And by the way, one of the interesting things that did take place is before anything happened on this particular program that we did brief members of Congress. We had an obligation to share information with the legislative branch. And all I can tell the American people is we better have tools in place that are legal and that can help us protect the American people from an enemy that still exists. My concern is -- not for President-Elect Obama, because I'm confident that he understands the nature of the world and understands the need to protect America. But I am concerned that America, at some point in time, lets down her guard. And if we ever do that, the country will become highly vulnerable. Q Well, how badly would it hurt, in your view, if these enhanced interrogation techniques -- that some call torture -- were abandoned and made -- and made -- were not used? THE PRESIDENT: Yes, well, obviously I feel like it would be a problem because these are tools that we have in place. I do want to -- you know, I firmly reject the word "torture." Q I understand that. THE PRESIDENT: Everything this administration did was -- had a legal basis to it, otherwise we would not have done it. Secondly, everything we did was in consultation with professionals in our government who understand, you know, how to use techniques in a way that gets information with, you know, within the law, necessary to protect the American people. And I just can't imagine what it would be like to be President without these tools available, and we captured a known killer who might have had information about the next attack on America. See, what some don't understand, evidently, is that we're at war, and it's a different kind of war, where an enemy uses asymmetrical warfare, and they lie in wait and find a soft spot, y to attack again. And they're willing to kill as many innocent people as they can to advance their agenda. Q Speaking of professionals, in the intelligence area, how do you view the selection of Leon Panetta to head the CIA? THE PRESIDENT: I really don't feel comfortable commenting upon President-Elect Obama's supposed choices, in this case. My only advice would be to recognize that the CIA is full of incredibly bright, hardworking, decent professionals who have got one thing in mind, and that is to serve the ed States. Q And yet this administration, to some extent, has been bedeviled by intelligence leaks believed to have come from the CIA. They seem -- and there has been a degree of tension, I think it's probably an understatement to say, between the administration -- or the White House, at least, and the CIA. THE PRESIDENT: No, I don't think so, Brit. I think that there -- I think that there have been disappointing moments when information came out of the agency that -- but the relationship has been fabulous up and down the line with the CIA. Q Really? THE PRESIDENT: Oh, yes. I would say -- I go out there quite frequently, and -- or I have gone out there fairly often, I guess, is the best way to put it -- and 99 percent of the people out there are anxious to help the administration do its job in a good way. And you can't stop leaks. And you don't know how many people were leaking, but I can assure you the vast majority of people in the CIA were very cooperative and have my highest respect. I meet with the CIA every day of my presidency, except for Sundays, since I've been President, at the same time -- 7:30 a.m. on Saturday, 8:00 a.m. on every other day. And I will tell you that it is a fascinating experience to be briefed by CIA analysts. It's like taking a geopolitical course, international affairs course, every single day of the presidency. Q You've had now some further occasions to meet with Barack Obama and get to know him a little bit better, a man you really didn't know. How did you -- how did your interaction with him go? THE PRESIDENT: It was a very straightforward conversation. Q How did you find him? THE PRESIDENT: How did I like him? I liked him. Q Were you -- other than -- THE PRESIDENT: He's obviously -- listen, the man is obviously a charismatic person, and the man is able to persuade people that they should trust him. And he's got something -- he's got a lot going for him. And I was -- you know, wish him all the best. The reason we had the dinner, or the lunch -- we call them dinners in Texas -- the lunch at the White House was so that he could hear from the current President and former Presidents that we want him to succeed. And he is an engaging person, and I am very impressed by the priority he places on his family. 01/60847。
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