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余干县治疗疤痕多少钱上饶去眼袋多少钱Editing On Films Is Now Being Done On ComputersLike any modern professional, Naomi Geraghty took her laptop with her when she went on a business trip in January. The machine got a lot of use -- but not just for email.1月份出差时,娜奥米#8226;杰拉蒂(Naomi Geraghty)带上了她的笔记本电脑──跟时下所有专业人员一样。她的电脑有很多用途,不仅仅是收发电子邮件。Ms. Geraghty is a film editor and was spending 10 days at the Irish coastal home of Terry George, director of 'Reservation Road,' starring Joaquin Phoenix, which opened across the U.S. last week. Mr. George couldn't travel for the editing, so Ms. Geraghty loaded a copy of Avid editing software on her Apple PowerBook and went to him.杰拉蒂是一名电影剪辑师,这次出差的目的地是《救赎之路》(Reservation Road)一片的导演特里#8226;乔治(Terry George)在爱尔兰的海滨别墅,时间为10天。由于乔治没办法远行,杰拉蒂只好带着已经安装了Avid编辑软件的苹果PowerBook来找他。这部影片最近在全美上映,华金#8226;费尼克斯(Joaquin Phoenix)在里面扮演角色。Most people have a mental image of film editors hunched in the dark over editing consoles with lengths of film pinned to the wall behind them. These days, they sit at computers, moving scenes around as easily as paragraphs in a word processor.提到电影剪辑师,大多数人对他们的印象是:猫在某个昏暗角落的操作台旁,长长的胶片钉在身后的墙上。如今的剪辑师却是坐在电脑桌前,他们在屏幕上移动画面就像用文字处理软件挪动段落那么轻松。Video files are so demanding, editing computers used to cost tens of thousands, even hundreds of thousands, of dollars. But as Ms. Geraghty's tale suggests, even relatively low-end personal computers, laptops included, are now so powerful that Hollywood pros have joined student filmmakers and indies in taking advantage of them.由于视频文件对电脑配置的要求很高,用来剪辑的电脑过去动辄几万甚至几十万美元一台。而现在,即使相对低端的个人电脑,包括笔记本,都已经非常强大。于是,好莱坞的电影专业人士纷纷加入学生制片人和独立制片人的行列,用起个人电脑──杰拉蒂就是一个典型例子。It's one more example -- along with music recording and graphic design -- of the way cheap computers are blurring the distinction between professional and amateur tools. Not that just having software makes you good at something, as a quick trip around the Web makes clear.这个趋势再次说明廉价电脑正在淡化专业工具和业余工具之间的界限,这一点在音乐录制和图形设计领域已经得到体现。但只要在网路上转一转就会发现,仅仅有了软件还不足以成为高手。Ms. Geraghty says that while she enjoys the comfort of her regular editing studio, a notebook is not without its charms. 'I could look out over a fishing harbor,' she says. 'It was the best view I've ever had from a cutting room.'杰拉蒂说,虽然在常规剪辑工作室里感觉很舒适,但使用笔记本工作也别有一番情趣。“从窗户望出去,渔港美景近在眼前,这是过去我在剪辑室内从未享受过的,”她说。Like 'Reservation Road,' the typical Hollywood feature film these days is an analog-digital hybrid. Reels of film might be developed at a lab such as Technicolor, but then .5 million scanners digitize them and put them on a 0 generic USB hard drive. From there, it's on to the editors.如今,一般的好莱坞故事片都是以模拟-数字混合方式制作的,《救赎之路》就是其中之一。一卷卷胶片在Technicolor这样的工作室冲洗出来之后,扫描仪(售价高达150万美元)会对其进行数字化,保存在100美元的普通USB硬碟上,然后才进入剪辑环节。Editing on computers is so much easier than editing physical film that it's how nearly all movies are now cut. USC's film school once had 50 editing consoles; now it has only two. Indeed, editing may have become too easy. 'You can easily recut your movie 10 times a day,' says Matt Furie, who teaches editing at USC. 'Some students go off the deep end and cut, cut, cut. We tell them they need to discipline themselves to push away from the desk, drop the mouse and just think.'剪辑数字影片比剪辑胶片要简单得多,如今差不多所有电影都是用电脑剪辑的。USC电影学校原来有50台剪辑工作台,现在已经缩减为两台了。的确,剪辑可能变得太容易了。“你一天甚至能剪辑10次,”在USC教授剪辑的马特#8226;富里(Matt Furie)说。“有些学生大刀阔斧地剪、剪、剪,我们总是提醒他们要控制自己,暂时离开桌子,放下鼠标,什么都不做,静静地思考。”Like others, Mr. Furie suggests that one of the reasons there are so many rapid-fire cuts in today's movies is that editing software has made them so simple to do.正如很多专业人士指出的那样,富里表示,目前出现大量剪辑粗糙的影片的原因正是在于编辑软件使得剪辑工作变得异常轻松。 /200803/32944上饶横峰县治疗黄褐斑要多少钱 Your flight gets canceled and the airline says it doesn#39;t have a seat for you for a full day. But you find another airline has a flight leaving in one hour. What to do?你的航班取消了,航空公司说全天都无法给你安排座位,但是你发现另一家航空公司一小时后有一趟离港的航班,你该怎么办?Beg the airline to send your ticket to its competitor. Do it nicely, because there#39;s no rule that says the airline has to help you.你只能请求航空公司把你的机票转给它的竞争对手。要好好求人家,因为没有一条规定说航空公司必须帮你的忙。How to regulate good service and fair dealings, if at all, has been a quandary for years. But stakes are higher now. The average airline load factor -- the percentage of seats filled -- rose to 82.8% last year, the highest for scheduled air service since 1945. With planes so full, airlines have limited reserve capacity to rebook customers after flights get canceled. Some passengers wait for days to get to destinations.如果航空业规范优质务和公平交易多年来一直是一个让人为难的问题,而现在的风险则更高了。航空公司的平均载客率──座位使用的百分比──去年上升到了82.8%,是1945年以来定期航班载客率的最高水平。由于飞机载客太满,当航班取消之后,航空公司为乘客重新订票的备用票源非常有限。有些乘客等了好几天才到达目的地。The Department of Transportation says over the last four years it has taken a more aggressive stance on passenger rights, pushing through regulations to curb long tarmac delays, increase compensation for ticketed passengers involuntarily bumped from flights and require airlines to always display the full price of airfares, including taxes and fees. Airlines let passengers either cancel or hold a reservation without penalty for 24 hours and reimburse baggage fees if bags are lost, because DOT requires them to.美国交通部(The Department of Transportation)表示,它在过去的四年里为保障乘客的权利采取了更加激进的姿态,通过制定规章来限制长时间的停机坪延误,增加对那些非出于本意而未能上飞机的持票乘客的补偿,并要求航空公司始终明示含税费的全价机票价格。航空公司在24小时内可以允许乘客选择取消或保持预订而不用付违约金,如果行李遗失,航空公司还要赔偿行李费用,因为交通部责令它们这么做。Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, who is stepping down after four years, said in an interview he became frustrated with airline service flying between Washington, D.C., and his home state of Illinois, and set out to force improvement. #39;When people are paying a pretty good amount of money to fly, they ought to be given the service they paid for and they ought to be treated with respect and treated like adults,#39; he said.履职四年后即将卸任的交通部长雷#8226;拉胡德(Ray LaHood)在一次采访中说,他本人在华盛顿特区和家乡伊利诺伊州之间往返时的乘机体验,让他对航空务深感不满,于是着手强制整改。他说:“当人们花了可观的一笔钱来坐飞机时,他们应该得到物有所值的务,应该受到尊重,得到一名成年人理应得到的待遇。”The Republican supported passenger-rights legislation every year when he was a U.S. representative, but every attempt in Congress has failed. As DOT secretary, Mr. LaHood grew outraged at passengers stuck on planes for nine-plus hours in deplorable conditions, and pushed through hefty penalties for airlines that keep people on planes longer than three hours without a chance to deplane. The tarmac delay rule has dramatically curbed lengthy strandings.当拉胡德还是一名众议员的时候,共和党每年都持有关乘客权利的立法,但是每次尝试都未能在国会获得通过。身为交通部长的拉胡德对乘客被迫在飞机上悲惨地滞留九个多小时这种事大为愤慨,于是他对那些让乘客在飞机上呆了三个小时以上时间还无法下飞机的航空公司开出了高额的罚单。限制停机坪延误的规定则大大抑制了飞机长时间滞留停机坪这类事情的发生。Passengers have some other protections:乘客还能享受到其它一些保护:Airlines typically provide meals and hotels when travelers are stranded overnight because of an airline problem, though not because of weather or other exceptions.由于航空公司的原因旅客被迫整夜滞留机场的时候,航空公司通常要为旅客提供餐饮和住宿,不过天气及其它一些意外原因不在此规定之列。When airlines lose bags, they#39;re on the hook to pay out as much as ,300 per passenger for domestic trips. (Carriers set the value of possessions lost, however.)当航空公司遗失了行李时,它们将面临为每位国内乘客付可能高达3,300美元的赔偿。(不过,丢失财产的价值由承运商确定。)Fliers bumped from overbooked flights and stuck for hours are entitled to four times their ticket price, up to ,300, on the spot in cash.因航班超额预订而未能登机的乘客以及被困机场数小时的乘客有权当场获得四倍于购票价格、最高达1,300美元的赔偿。But beyond overbooking, baggage and tarmac delays, government and Congress have largely struggled to figure out rules and requirements. Last year Congress created a four-member committee to advise the DOT on what passenger protections were needed.在超额预订、行李和停机坪延误等方面的问题之外,联邦政府和国会做出了很大的努力来制订其他方面的相关规章和要求。去年,国会组建了一个四人委员会,向交通部提交有关必要的乘客保护措施的建议。The panel, which included airline and airport officials, advocated some basic principles like knowing the cost of the entire trip before purchasing a ticket.成员包括航空公司和机场高管的这个委员会提出了一些基本的原则,比如,让乘客在购买机票前了解整个旅程的费用。The only firm recommendation? That DOT require airports and airlines to provide #39;animal relief areas.#39;唯一具体的建议是什么呢?建议交通部要求机场和航空公司设立“动物排便区域”。Passenger advocates say plenty more should be done. #39;Passengers have very few rights and many of the ones on paper are not really enforced,#39; says Paul Hudson, executive director of the nonprofit Aviation Consumer Action Project, which advocates for airline passengers.乘客权益倡导者表示,应该规定的事项还有很多。为飞机乘客代言的非盈利组织“航空消费者行动计划”(Aviation Consumer Action Project)的常务董事保罗#8226;哈德森(Paul Hudson)说:“乘客本来就没有多少权利,而已成文的规定中有很多实际上并没有得到真正的贯彻。”One of the biggest problems, Mr. Hudson says, is that Congress exempted airlines from state laws so consumers can only take disputes to federal court, not state court. That raises the cost and the legal threshold to sue an airline. #39;In every other industry you have consumer protection laws that are state and local,#39; Mr. Hudson said. #39;Airlines argue they can#39;t be regulated by patchwork state laws, but Wal-Mart is.#39;哈德森说,最大的问题之一是,国会让航空公司免于州法律的约束,因此消费者只能将纠纷起诉到联邦法院而不是州法院。这就提高了起诉航空公司的费用和法律门槛。他说:“对于其它的所有行业,你都可以找到保护消费者的州及地方法律。航空公司声称他们不能受各州不同的法律管理,可是沃尔玛(Wal-Mart)却可以。”Airlines for America, the industry#39;s lobbying group, says air travel is almost always crossing state lines and airlines can#39;t be subjected to a particular state#39;s rules. Carriers have improved service on their own and are responding to passenger issues without legislation or regulation that could raise ticket prices, the group says.航空业的游说组织美国航空运输协会(Airlines for America)表示,航空旅行差不多都是跨越州界的,航空公司不能受某个特定州的规定约束。该组织表示,承运商已经自行改善了务,并且对法律、法规没有规定、却又可能引起机票涨价的客运问题做出了回应。#39;Other industries are not subjected to such irrational rules,#39; A4A Chief Executive Nick Calio said in recent Senate testimony.美国航空运输协会的首席执行长尼克#8226;卡利奥(Nick Calio)在最近的参议院听会上说:“其它行业面临的情况没有这么特殊。”When the industry was regulated before 1978, a federal rule known as Rule 240 required airlines to send customers to competitors if they canceled flights. Without Rule 240, passengers often can#39;t use their ticket on another airline that might have available seats.1978年以前,当航空业受到监管的时候,一项名为Rule 240的联邦法规要求航空公司在取消航班的时候把乘客转给竞争对手。如今没有了Rule 240的约束,乘客经常无法凭原有的机票改乘到另一家有空余座位的航空公司的航班。Eight years ago, the European Union established what seemed like far-reaching consumer protections, requiring that airlines compensate passengers for long delays and cancellations. The intent was to force carriers to reduce delays and cancellations due to light bookings.八年前,欧盟(European Union)制定了似乎可以切实保护消费者的措施,要求航空公司对长时间的航班延误和航班取消给予乘客赔偿,这样做的目的是强制承运商减少航班延误以及由于订票数量少而取消航班的行为。But the groundbreaking effort didn#39;t go particularly well. Passenger protections proved confusing and, to a large extent, hollow. Airlines were given a broad exemption for #39;extraordinary circumstances#39; and often refused to pay passenger claims. Little has changed.但是这一开拓性的努力并没有达到特别好的效果。这些乘客保护措施最终明是令人费解的,而且在很大程度上是空洞无用的。航空公司被赋予了一大堆“非常情况”的豁免权,多数情况下都拒绝了乘客的索赔。情况没有怎么改变。The European Commission#39;s latest stabs at regulation take a more pragmatic approach. If enacted, it would give European travelers firmer protections than what U.S. passengers receive.欧盟委员会(European Commission)最近起草了更为务实的监管政策。如果获得通过,它给予欧洲旅客的保护比美国旅客得到的保护会更实在。Earlier this month, the commission proposed revisions that would strengthen some areas for consumers and give airlines more latitude in others. If an airline can#39;t re-route a passenger within 12 hours, it would have to book a customer on another airline or train. But airlines would have five hours before they#39;d have to pay compensation for delays, instead of three hours.上个月,欧盟委员会提出了修订案,强化了维护乘客利益方面的一些内容,而在另一些方面给予了航空公司更多的回旋余地。如果航空公司在12小时内不能为乘客安排另一个航班,它就必须为乘客预订另一家航空公司的机票或者火车票,不过航空公司因为航班延误而赔偿乘客的时限从三小时改成了五小时。#39;Cancellations are always worse for the passenger than delay,#39; says Frank Laurent, a policy officer for the European Commission in Brussels who helped draft the rules. #39;This proposal is much more realistic.#39;布鲁塞尔欧盟委员会里参与起草这些法规的政策官员弗兰克#8226;劳伦特(Frank Laurent)说:“航班取消对乘客的影响一般比航班延误更大。这项提案要务实得多。”The EC plan has been criticized by consumer groups as a watering down of passenger protections and by airlines as an unnecessary burden in compensation and rerouting. Mr. Laurent says the criticism from both sides probably means the proposal found middle ground.欧盟委员会的计划被消费者组织指责为削弱了对乘客的保护,而航空公司则批评该计划增加了不必要的赔偿及重新安排航班的负担。劳伦特说来自双方的批评也许意味着这项提案找到了中间立场。#39;What we tried to do with this proposal,#39; he said, #39;is to find a balance.#39;他说:“对于这项提案我们尽力要做到的,就是找到平衡。” /201304/236290上饶黑脸娃娃多少钱

上饶韩美整形美容医院激光点痣好吗A long time ago in China lived the Jade Emperor. It was his birthday. He wanted to measure time to know how old he was.很久很久以前住着一位玉皇大帝,有一天他的生日到了,他想测量一下时间,好让他知道自己已经多少岁了。All the animals arrived. The Emperor decided to have a race to give a name to each year of the Chinese Zodiac.所有的小动物们都到了,玉帝决定举行一个比赛,来决定每一年的名字。The rat and the cat couldn’t swim very well. “Can you take us across the river?” “Yes, jump and quick!”老鼠和猫都不太会游泳,(他们对牛说)”你能带我们过河吗?“ ”可以,快来上来吧。“They swam across the river. Then the rat pushed the cat into the water and jumped on to land.他们游到河边,然后老鼠把猫推下了河,自己跳到了岸上。(这就是为什么十二生肖中没有猫的原因了)”Well done,Rat! The first year will be the Year of the Rat and the second will be the Year of the OX.”“干得好,老鼠! 第一年就是鼠年,第二年是牛年。”“Look! Here’s the tiger. He’s very tired. The third year will be the Year of the Tiger.”“看!老虎来了。它很累,第三年就是虎年了。”“The rabbit can’t swim but he’s very clever. The fourth year will be the Year of the Rabbit.”“兔子不会游泳但他很聪明,第四年就是兔年。”“Why are you late, Dragon? You can fly!” “I had to make some rain for thirsty people to drink.” “Well done! The fifth year is the Year of the Dragon.”“龙,你为什么迟到了?你会飞啊!” “我必须给干渴的人们制造雨水。”(龙王爷是掌管下雨的)“干得好!第五年就是龙年了!”“What’s this? I can hear a horse. No, it’s a snake. So the snake has the sixth year.”“谁来了?我好像听到了马的声音。不,是蛇,所以第六年是蛇年。”“Well done! It is good to see you working together! The goat is eighth, the monkey is ninth and rooster is tenth.”“干得好!很高兴看到你们齐心合力干活!第八是羊,第九是猴子,第十是鸡。”“Sorry I’m late. The water is clean and I needed a bath.” ” The eleventh is the Year of the Dog.”“抱歉,我来晚了。河水很干净,我得洗个澡。” “第十一年就是年。”Be“You are the last.” “Yes, I had to eat and sleep on the way.” “The last is the Year of the Pig.” And that is how the Emperor chose the animals for Chinese Zodiac.“你是最晚的。” “是的,我得在路上吃个饭、再睡个觉。” “最后一年就是猪年吧。” 玉皇大帝就是这么排列中国的生肖的。 /201309/257716上饶市人民医院做去眼袋手术多少钱 上饶弋阳县彩光嫩肤多少钱

上饶弋阳县哪家美容医院比较好 Breathing particulate-laden (aka smoggy) air may be hardening your arteries faster than normal, according to research published today in PLOS Medicine. While everyones’ arteries harden gradually with age, a team of researchers led by epidemiologist Sara Adar of the University of Michigan School of Public Health discovered that higher concentrations of fine particulate air pollution were linked to a faster thickening of the inner two layers of the carotid artery.根据今日发表在《公共科学图书馆·医学》杂志上的研究,呼吸含大量颗粒物的(雾霾)空气可能会让你的动脉硬化速度加快。尽管每个人的动脉都会随着年龄增大而逐渐硬化,但密歇根大学公共卫生学院的流行病学家萨拉·阿达领导的研究团队发现,空气中的细微颗粒污染物浓度升高与颈动脉内膜和中膜增厚加快有关。Because the carotid artery feeds blood to the neck, head, and brain, a narrowing or blockage there can trigger strokes. And general atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, heart attack, and heart failure.由于颈动脉要向颈部、头部和大脑供血,颈动脉变窄或堵塞可能会引发中风。通常动脉硬化是冠心病、心脏病发作和心力衰竭的主要风险因素。Past research has demonstrated that the rates of stroke and heart attack are higher in polluted areas, but experts haven’t been able to pinpoint just how polluted air is raising peoples’ risk for heart attack or stroke. This time, Adar’s team, along with Joel Kaufman, professor of environmental and occupational health sciences and medicine at the University of Washington, was able to directly measure carotid artery thickness and link it to air pollution data.以往的研究已经表明,在受污染地区中风和心脏病发作的几率更高,但专家还未能查明空气污染是如何提高人们心脏病或中风发作的风险的。这次阿达带领的团队和华盛顿大学环境与职业健康科学和医学专业的教授乔尔?考夫曼联手合作,已经能够直接测量颈动脉厚度,并将其和空气污染数据联系起来。The study involved 5,362 people between the ages of 45 and 84 living in six different cities that are part of the MESA AIR (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution) research project, led by Joel Kaufman. Each participant underwent two carotid artery ultrasounds three years apart. These measurements were then correlated with data on fine particulate air pollution.乔尔·考夫曼领导的这一动脉硬化和空气污染多种族研究项目调查了居住在6个不同城市、年龄在45岁到84岁之间的5362个人。每个参与者隔三年都要做一次颈动脉超声波检查。研究人员把这些测量结果和细颗粒物空气污染的数据联系起来。While the artery walls of all participants increased by 14 micrometers per year, the arteries of those who were exposed to higher levels of fine particulate air pollution in their homes thickened faster than their neighbors in other parts of the city.尽管所有参与者的动脉壁每年都会增厚14微米,但那些家周边空气中细颗粒污染物水平更高的人动脉壁比住在同城其他地区的人增厚速度更快。Interestingly, the researchers also found the reverse effect to be true: reducing fine particulate air pollution levels slowed down atherosclerosis progression. Carotid artery measurements are considered by experts to be an indicator for arterial plaque and hardening throughout the body.有趣的是,研究人员还发现反之亦然:降低空气中的细颗粒污染物水平会减慢动脉硬化的速度。专家认为颈动脉的测量数据是动脉斑块和周身硬化的指示标志。 /201305/237628江西省上饶祛斑多少钱上饶做永久脱毛多少钱



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