时间:2019年06月19日 10:15:42

The number of suicides in the U.S. has been steadily rising since 1999, especially among women. 自1999年以来,美国自杀人数一直持续上升,尤其是女性。Between 1999 and 2014, the overall suicide rate climbed 24 percent, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Thats a rate of 13 per 100,000 people. 据疾病控制和预防中心的一项研究,1999年至2014年间整体自杀率上升了百分之24。每十万人有13人的比率。While rates for males remained higher, suicide among females rose 45 percent.而男性的比例仍然较高,女性的自杀率上升了百分之45。And among young girls between the ages of 10-14, the rate rose 200 percent to 1.5 per 100,000 people, though the number of suicides within that group still remained comparatively low. 10至14岁间的年轻女孩,比率上升百分之200达到每十万人有1.5人,尽管那个群体的自杀人数仍然相对较低。Women ages 45-64 had the second-largest increase: 63 percent to 9.8 per 100,000 people. 第二大增长的是45至64岁的女性,为百分之63达到每十万人有9.8人。The CDC report doesnt go into what could be behind the change, but its worth noting the greatest increases happened between 2006 and 2014 — during and after a major economic recession in the U.S.疾病控制和预防中心没有对变化进行深入调查,值得注意的是最大的增长发生在2006年至2014年间,美国正处于或经历过重大经济衰退。Counselors with the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline are available 24/7 to help those in crisis. The number is 1-800-273-TALK.国家自杀预防生命线的辅导员全天24小时提供帮助,电话是1-800-273-TALK。译文属。201604/438835


Every week, Jo Rowling receives up to 1500 letters either from fans or from people asking for charitable donations.每周,乔·罗琳会收到高达1500封来信,不是来自粉丝,就是有人找她做慈善捐助。Thats over 75,000 letters a year.每年会有超过75000封来信。Initially, I was very disorganized with my giving.起初,我的捐款比较随意。I didnt have a thought-through system.我一开始没有全盘计划。And, again, that was becoming a bit overwhelming as well.然后这也就成为了一种负担。So I have a charitable trust now.所以我现在有了个慈善信托基金会。And weve refined the objectives of the trust which was a very useful exercise.我们确定了基金会的宗旨,这是一次很好的经历。So the trust does multiple sclerosis research and thats one side of what it does.所以我们的基金会关注多发性硬化的研究,这是研究之一。And then it mainly targets projects, large or small-scale that are to do with the alleviation of social deprivation with a particular emphasis on womens and childrens charities.主要的关注点是在大大小小的范围内消除社会剥夺,特别是妇女儿童的慈善事业。As we discussed. Yeah. So Im saying okay to that point, not the other point.正如我们讨论的。对,在这一点上我同意,别的不行。I become very angry when it comes to issues concerning social deprivation and social exclusion.我会感到特别生气,在关于社会剥削和边缘化的问题上。And I become most irritated and angry by people who have really no idea how it feels to exist in poverty.我会变得特别恼怒与生气,对于那些对贫穷一无所知的人。And how disadvantage casts a sometimes irreparable blight over peoples lives.那种弱势有时会对人的生命带来无法弥补的摧残。And Im aggravated to real fury by the fact that there is a section of our society that cant join the dots and doesnt see how issues that affect even them their safe lives such as crime and drugs things that touch the middle classes, have their roots often in terrible injustice.而且我会变得更加愤怒,发现我们社会的某些人不愿加入其中,也没看见这些问题,甚至影响到了他们的生命安全,比如犯罪和吸毒这些触及中产阶级的问题其实根源于严重的社会不公。201512/414673

Michelson and Morley believed this ether wind should be detectable here on Earth.迈克尔孙和莫利认为 以太风在地球上侦测得到and design an experiment to measure its effects.因此设计一项实验来测量其作用They ran their experiment in a crowded basement.他们的实验在狭窄的地下室进行But to understand the principle behind it.但为了解其原理I thought we get them out of the lab and stay out here on the beach.我想我们就请他们出来 到海滩上进行Since the earth is constantly orbiting the sun.由于地球不断绕着太阳运转then the ether wind would be ever-present.因此;以太风;就会随时存在and would effect the speed of light here,on earth.也因此会影响地球上的光速If a beam of light was traveling with the ether wind behind them.若光束顺着以太风前进the light should move faster.光的速度应当会比较快But if light was traveling in the exact opposite direction,但若光的行进方向正好相反and so was fighting oncoming ether wind,the speed of light should slow down.等于得对抗迎面而来的以太风 那光速应当会减缓And the difference between those two speeds should be measurable.而这两种速度的差异应该可测量出来But they couldnt detect any difference.但他们测不出任何差异Whichever way the light waves were pointing.无论光波朝哪个方向They couldnt find any slowing down or speeding.他们都测不出任何速度增减This result was deeply disturbing.这项结果令他们非常不安The luminiferous ether could not exist.光以太不可能存在Whats more,it meant the speed of light must be constant in all directions.更有甚者 这表示无论往任何方向 光速始终维持恒定201601/421553

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