2017年10月20日 09:20:20|来源:国际在线|编辑:百姓健康
My fellow citizens:同胞们:At this last presidential inauguration of the 20th century, let us lift our eyes toward the challenges that await us in the next century. It is our great good fortune that time and chance have put us not only at the edge of a new century, in a new millennium, but on the edge of a bright new prospect in human affairs -- a moment that will define our course, and our character, for decades to come. We must keep our old democracy forever young. Guided by the ancient vision of a promised land, let us set our sights upon a land of new promise.藉此二十世纪最后一届总统就职演说之际,让我们一起远眺在下一个世纪我们将要面临的挑战。所幸的是,时间和机遇不仅将我们置身于一个新世纪的边缘,一个新的千年,而且是人类事业史上一个光明的崭新前景的边缘,这个时刻将会决定我们未来数十年的道路和特点。我们必须使我们古老的民主永葆青春。在“希望之乡”这一古老憧憬的指引下,让我们着眼于新的“希望之乡”。The promise of America was born in the 18th century out of the bold conviction that we are all created equal. It was extended and preserved in the 19th century, when our nation sp across the continent, saved the union, and abolished the awful scourge of slavery.美国的希望源于十八世纪一种无畏的信念:人皆生而平等。随着十九世纪,我们的国家横跨大陆,拯救了联邦,废除了恐怖的奴隶制的蹂躏,这一希望得以进一步发展和维护。Then, in turmoil and triumph, that promise exploded onto the world stage to make this the American Century.然后,在动荡和胜利之中,这一希望奔上了世界的舞台,使这个世纪成为美国的世纪。 /201304/236773THE PRESIDENT: Thank you so much. (Applause.) Everybody, please have a seat. Thank you. Well, it is wonderful to be here,and I always look forward to an opportunity to speak to some of our topbusinesses across the country who are hiring people, investing in America,making the economy run. And many of youI’ve had a chance to interact with before. As you know, oftentimes when I do something like this, I want to spendmore time answering questions and having a conversation than giving any formalremarks. Let me just provide a littlebit of an introduction.Obviously, over the last coupleof months, most of the oxygen in this town has been consumed with two things --one, the government shutdown and the possibility of default that was ultimatelyresolved; and the second has been the rollout of the Affordable Care Act andthe fact that my website is not working the way it’s supposed to. And it’s entirely legitimate that those havebeen issues of great concern. The impact of the shutdown andthe threat of default I think not only did some significant damage to theeconomy at a time when we didn’t need self-inflicted wounds, but it also spoketo some of the larger problems we’ve seen here in Washington, and the sense ofdysfunction and the seeming incapacity of both parties in Congress to worktogether to advance an agenda that’s going to help us grow. With respect to the AffordableCare Act, I think people are legitimately concerned because we have a majorproblem with health care in this country -- 41 million people without healthinsurance, a lot of people underinsured. And once again, how we fix a health care system that’s been broken fortoo many people for too long I think ends up speaking to how much confidence wehave in government and whether we still have the capacity, collectively, tobring about changes that are going to be good for our economy, good for ourbusinesses, good for the American people.I do want to say, though, thatbeyond the headlines, we have made real progress in the economy, and sometimesthat hasn’t gotten enough attention. Some of the tough decisions that we made early on have paid off --decisions that helped us not only recover from a crisis, but begin to lay astronger foundation for future growth. We refocused on manufacturingexports, and today, our businesses sell more goods and services made in Americathan ever before around the world. Aftera decade of shedding jobs, our manufacturing sector has now added about half amillion new jobs, and it’s led by an American auto industry that has comeroaring back after decades of decline. We decided to reverse ourdependence on foreign oil, and today, we generate more renewable energy thanever before and more natural gas than anybody in the world. And for the first time in nearly 20 years,America now produces more of our own oil than we buy from other countries.When I took office, we invested afraction of what other countries did in wireless infrastructure, and today, it’sup nearly 50 percent, helping companies unleash jobs, innovation and a boomingapp economy that’s created more than 500,000 jobs. When I took office, only 5 percent of theworld’s smartphones ran on American operating systems. Today, more than 80 percent do. And it’s not just in thehigh-tech economy that we’re seeing progress. For example, American farmers are on pace to have one of their bestyears in decades, and they have consistently been able to export more, makemore profits and help restore rural economies than when we came into office.And, yes, we decided to take on abroken health care system. And even though the rollout of the new health caremarketplace has been rough, to say the least, about half a million Americansare now poised to gain health care coverage beginning January 1st. That’s after only a month of sign-up. We also have seen health care costs growingat the slowest rate in 50 years. Employer-based health costs are growing at about one-third of the rateof a decade ago, and that has an impact on your bottom line.And after years oftrillion-dollar deficits, we reined in spending, wound down two wars, and beganto change a tax code that I believe was too skewed towards the wealthiest amongus at the expense of the middle class. And since I took office, we have now cut our deficits by more than half.Add it all up, and businesseslike yours have created 7.8 million new jobs over the past 44 months. We’ve gone farther and recovered faster thanmost other advanced nations. And so in alot of ways, America is poised for a breakout. We are in a good position to compete around the world in the 21stcentury. The question is, are we going torealize that potential? And that meansthat we’ve still got some more work to do. Our stock markets and corporate profits are soaring, but we’ve got tomake sure that this remains a country where everyone who works hard can getahead. And that means we’ve still got toaddress long-term unemployment. We stillhave to address stagnant wages and stagnant incomes.And frankly, we’ve got to stopgoverning by crisis here in this town. Because if it weren’t for Washington’s dysfunction, I think all of usagree we’d be a lot further along. Theshutdown and the threat of default harmed our jobs market, they cost oureconomy about billion, and economists predict it will slow our GDP growththis quarter -- and it didn’t need to happen. It was self-inflicted. We shouldnot be injuring ourselves every few months. We should be investing in ourselves. And in a sensible world, that starts with a budget that cuts what we don’tneed, closes wasteful loopholes, and helps us afford to invest in the thingsthat we know will help businesses like yours and the economy as a whole --education, infrastructure, basic research and development.We would have a grand bargain formiddle-class jobs that combines tax reform with a financing mechanism that letsus create jobs, rebuilding infrastructure that your businesses depend on, butwe haven’t gotten as much take-up from the other side as we’d like to see sofar. We have the opportunity forbipartisan authority to negotiate the best trade deals possible so businessesand workers can take advantage of new markets that are opening up around theworld. We haven’t seen the kind oftake-up from the other side that we’d like to see so far.We’ve got the opportunity to fixa broken immigration system that strengthens our economy and our nationalsecurity. The good news here is theSenate has aly passed a bipartisan bill that economists say would grow oureconomy by .4 trillion and shrink our deficits by nearly a trillion over thenext two decades. You wouldn’t turn downa deal that good, and Congress shouldn’t either. So I’m hoping that Speaker Boehner and theHouse of Representatives can still work with us to get that done.And we need to be going all outto prepare our kids and our workers for the demands of a 21st-centuryeconomy. I’ve proposed giving everychild an early start at success by making high-quality preschool available toevery four-year-old in America. We knowthat you get more bang for the buck when it comes to early childhood educationthan just about anything else, and you’ve got great examples around thecountry, oftentimes in red states, that are doing just that. We need to make that same investment.We’re working to bring down thecosts of a college degree so more young people can get a higher education. And one thing that I’m very excited about --and this has been a good example of a public-private partnership -- is the ideaof redesigning our high schools to make sure that more young people gethands-on training and develop the skills that they need, particularly in math,science and engineering, that businesses are looking for. And in fact, today we’re announcing acompetitive grant program that will encourage more high schools to partner withcolleges and local businesses to better prepare our kids for college or acareer. And in December, I’ll bebringing together college presidents and other leaders to figure out ways tohelp more low-income students attend and to succeed in college. So just to sum up, my basicmessage is this: We know what thechallenges are. We know what thesolutions are. Some of them are tough,but what’s holding us back is not a lack of good policy ideas or even what usedto be considered good bipartisan policy ideas. We just have to break through the stubborn cycle of crisis politics andstart working together. Moreobstruction, more brinkmanship won’t help anybody. It doesn’t help folks politically. My understanding is nobody in this town isdoing particularly well at the moment when it comes to the opinions of theAmerican people, but it certainly doesn’t help anybody economically.On many of the issues, I thinkyou and I would agree, and I want you to know that I’m rooting for yoursuccess, and I look forward to making sure that we are able in the remainingthree years that I’m President to work together to not only improve thebusiness climate, but also improve the prospects for Americans all across thecountry who have been ting water, feel like they’re losing ground, areanxious about the future and their children’s futures, but I think are stillhopeful and still possess that fundamental American optimism. If they see leadership working across theboard on their behalf, then I’m confident that we can make enormous progress.So with that, why don’t we getJerry up here and I’ll start answering his questions. I hope he adds some input. (Laughter.) If he starts asking me about whathappened to the Kansas City Chiefs, I’m not sure I’ll have a good answer forthat one. (Applause.)Well, thank you, Mr. President. Let me start by thanking you officially forjoining us today. I think you probablysee a lot of familiar faces out there, most friendly, most of them. And I would also note that you’re gettinghere a little late. Congressman PaulRyan is coming later. He is going to gethere a little early. So if you guysoverlap a little bit, maybe we can just get some problems solved righthere. What do you think? THE PRESIDENT: Let’s do it. (Laughter.) Let’s do it.It’s your chance. We have talked amongst ourselves or tried tosort of take the sense of the room. So I’mgoing to try to reflect some of the conversations that have been going on herein the questions I’m going to ask you. You’ll not be stunned that I’m going to ask you about health care first.201501/351435


Actually I saw something in--in the paper last week about Kermit the Frog giving a commencement address somewhere. One of the studens was complaining, ;I worked my ass off for four years to be addressed by a sock?; You have worked your ass off for this. For four years youve been buying, trading, and selling everything youve got in this marketplace of ideas. The intellectual hustle. Your pockets are full, even if your parents are empty, and--and now youve got to figure out what to spend it on.实际上,我在上周的报纸上看到一篇报道称青蛙科密特在某一所大学发表了毕业演讲。其中有个学生抱怨到:“我在这儿努力学习了四年,难道只为了听这个小丑在这里发表毕业演讲?”你们努力了,过去的四年里,你们在这个思想市场里不断买卖交易,整日忙忙碌碌。即使父母的钱包空了,你们的钱包仍是鼓鼓的,现在你们该想想自己把钱花在了什么地方。Well, the going rate for change is not cheap. Big ideas are expensive. The Universit has had its share of big ideas. Benjamin Franklin had a few. So did Justice Brennen and in my opinion so does Judith Rodin. What a gorgeous girl. They all know--They all knew that if youre gonna be good at your word, if youre gonna live up to your ideals and your education, its gonna cost you.若想获得改变就必须会出代价,塑造伟大思想的成本更是高昂。这所大学汇集了许多伟大的思想,本杰明·富兰克林、贾斯汀斯·布仑南都为这所大学贡献了一些伟大的思想。另外,我认为还有朱迪斯·罗丹,她是多么优秀的一个女孩呀。这些伟大的思想家都知道,如果想要信守诺言,不辜负自己的理想和自己所受的教育,就必须付出代价。So my question I suppose is: Whats the big idea? Whats your big idea? What are you willing to spend your moral capital, your intellectual capital, your cashes, your sweat equity in pursing outside of the walls of the University of Pennsylvania?因此我想问大家:伟大的理想是什么?你们的伟大理想是什么?当你们离开宾夕法尼亚大学追求自己的梦想时,你们将把自己的道德资本、智力资本、金钱及辛勤劳动投入到什么样的事业当中?Theres a really great--truly great Irish poet, his name is Brendan Kennelly, and he has this epic poem called the Book of Judas, and theres a line in that poem that never leaves my mind. It says:;If you want to serve the age, betray it.; What does that mean to betray the age?伟大的爱尔兰诗人布兰登·肯奈利曾写了一首史诗,名为《犹大之书》,其中有一句让我永生难忘,“如果你想对时代有所贡献,那么就去背叛它吧!”背叛时代意味着什么? /201312/267886

The few surfaces not covered by signs are often clad in a distinctive, dark green-gray, striated aluminum siding.这仅存的没有被商标遮盖的建筑,一般都被包裹在有特色的阴暗铝灰条纹的铝制外壁板之中。Take-out sandwich shops,比如三明治快餐小店,film processing drop-offs,卖劣质影碟的小贩,peep-shows and necktie stores.卖西洋镜和领带的小买卖。Now these provisional structures have,in some cases,remained standing for the better part of a human lifetime.现在这些临时的建筑,在一些地方仍然屹立不倒,展现着人们生活另一种美好的时光。The temporary building is a triumph of modern industrial organization,a healthy sublimation of the urge to build,这些暂住“居民” 也是现代工业化中的胜利者。它们也是对建楼欲望的一种升华。and proof that not every architectural idea need be set in stone.还向人们明了,不是每一个建筑都是一成不变、无法更改的。Thats the end.这个故事也讲完了。And the next story is called, ;On the Human Lap.;下一个故事叫做:《在人类的膝盖上》For the ancient Egyptians the lap was a platform upon which to place the earthly possessions of the dead,30 cubits from foot to knee.对于古代埃及人来说膝盖是一个平台,用来放置死去的人生前尘世的财产。这个平台的长度就是从脚到膝盖上。It was not until the 14th century that an Italian painter recognized the lap as a Grecian temple,直到14世纪一位意大利画家第一次把这种膝盖上的平台视为古希腊人的神庙,upholstered in flesh and cloth.只不过这座神庙是用肉体和衣布置起来的。Over the next 200 years we see the infant Christ go from a sitting to a standing position on the Virgins lap,在之后的200年里,我们看到婴儿基督在圣母的膝盖上,从坐姿变成站姿。and then back again.然后又回到坐姿。Every child recapitulates this ascension,每一个孩子都是如此,straddling one or both legs,跨立在一条或两条腿上,sitting sideways,或者倾斜地坐着,or leaning against the body.又或者倚着上身。201512/418152

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