2019年09月22日 11:12:22|来源:国际在线|编辑:中国互动
Lets be honest. Youre talking about the king of government. I mean look at that.说真的,你刚说到……,来看看这个You pretty much...you pretty much invented this. Right? I mean, look at him.这个就是你发明的,是吗?看看他就知道了My kids could never rebel against me?我的孩子总是不知道怎样才算叛逆。Cause when they are going to come home with blue hair?想想看,就算他们染个蓝头发回家又怎么样?I invented that. Im going to have a shave. Do you know what daddy, Im going to have a shave.那是我发明的。我得剃胡子,爸爸,我得剃胡子Im going to do my hair. Im going to get a job. Im going to move out我要剪头发,我得找个工作,搬出去and Im going to be self-sufficient and raise children who are amazing.自己养活自己,再养几个出色的孩子。Now, do you think, Alice, because you do all this makeup yourself. I do it all. Yes.艾利斯,你会不会觉得,因为你发明了这个妆容。对,我发明的Well, we have...listen, right here, this is some of Alice Coopers very own makeup. This is your makeup, right? Yes, yes.嗯,我这里准备了一些艾利斯·库伯的一些化妆品。这是你的化妆品对吧?是的Do you think you could do me Alice Cooper-ways. Yes. Let me sit in here.你能把我画成艾利斯·库伯那样吗?好,让我坐到这里Do you want to have a go? Yeah, yeah. You take some of these. Well just carry on the interview as we—你想开始吗?好的,没问题。你拿上这些。因为我们化妆的时候采访还在继续No time at all. Close your left eye. OK, Im closing my left eye.没时间了。把左眼闭上。好,那我闭上左眼OK, now, when youre on tour because youre on tour with Motley Crue the moment.你们四处旅行的时候,因为那时你们和莫特利·克鲁乐队一起去旅行Were on tour for two years with these guys.我们四处玩了两年So is there just makeup lying around everywhere? Yes.那你们房间平时就到处都是化妆品咯?Is it like just go and lie everywhere you go? Yes, there is.你走到哪,哪都是化妆品。是的。And you know, I mean, guy liner everywhere there is.男士的眼线笔到处都是Youre not just going throughout to look out there to look at your shoes. Yeah.我们出去都要化妆,毕竟别人不可能是为了看你的鞋子来的。When you say you look good. Wait a minute. How am I doing else? Youre doing great. Thats perfect.看起来不错。等等,我还需要画吗?你画得很好,简直完美。Where does this look come from, Alice? I know what were going to do, guys.艾利斯,这个妆是谁想出来的?是谁先说出“我知道怎么画了”这句话的?Well, the idea is there was a world full of Peter Pans and no Captain Hook. Right.现在人人都愿意当彼得潘,没人想当胡克船长。嗯And I was more than happen to be a captain hook for rock in roll. So there you go.我很开心能做摇滚乐界的胡克船长。就是这么来的So what we got? How is that? That good? That good? Yeah, you like? Yeah, nice. Nice. Its a good look on you. Yeah, I like it.什么?怎么样?好看吗?好看吗?好看,你喜欢吗?喜欢,不错。好看。这妆很适合你。哇,我很喜欢The funny think is he has no idea what we actually put on his eyes.搞笑的是他完全不知道我们在他眼睛上是怎么画的201706/513447Whether youve got a big ol lumberjack beard or a pencil-thin mustache, if you have facial hair, you might refer to it as your ;whiskers.;不论是老伐木工那样的胡子还是八字胡,如果你的面部毛发较多,你可能会把它们称之为“胡须”But that is not what they are.但胡须才不长成那样。The fact is, humans dont have whiskers. True whiskers—like those on your dog or cat—are far more special than any human facial hair.事实上,人类并没有胡须。真正的胡须,应该是你的和喵那样的,比人类的面部毛发要特别得多。Whiskers are acutely sensitive and can help creatures hunt, sense the direction of the wind, and find their way around in the dark.胡须非常的敏感,能帮助生物捕猎、辨别风的方向并帮助它们在黑暗中找到出路。In fact, they are so useful, nearly all mammals have them… were just one of the rare exceptions.事实上,胡须是非常有用的,几乎所有的哺乳动物都有胡须... 而我们人类是稀有的例外之一。So, what makes whiskers different from the stubble on your chin?那么,胡须和我们下吧的胡茬到底有啥不同呢?Well, whiskers are what scientists call vibrissae. And they are similar to regular hair ... theyre made out of the same protein, keratin.科学家将胡须称为触须。它们和普通头发相似... 它们都由同样的蛋白质、角蛋白组成。But whiskers are usually thicker, stiffer, and more importantly, they grow out of completely different kinds of follicles than your hairs do.但是通常胡须更粗、更坚硬,最重要的是,胡须生长于和头发完全不同的种类的卵泡。The follicles for vibrissae are deep in the skin, and theyre surrounded by pockets of blood, which are connected to nerves.触须的卵泡深深的植入皮肤中,它们被小规模血液包围,血液连接着多个神经。Researchers think that these pockets of blood help amplify any vibrations that come through the hairs to help make them extra-sensitive to touch.研究者认为这些小规模血液帮助扩大来自头发的震动,提高它们对触摸的超高灵敏度。And the nerves, of course, lead up to the brain, where huge sections of the somatosensory cortex are devoted to making sense of all the tactile information that the whiskers are picking up.当然,神经会一直通向大脑。在大脑中,大部分躯体感觉皮层都在为理解胡须所收集的触觉信息而努力。Now, whiskers can be found anywhere on an animals body, but the most common spot is on the face, especially around the mouth or eyes, where they come in two main types.如今,在动物身上到处能找到胡须,但是最常出现的地方是面部,特别是嘴和眼睛周围,主要分为两种类型。The long hairs we usually think of as ;whiskers; are called macrovibrissae, and they can be moved voluntarily.通常被我们认为是“胡须”的长发被称为长触须,可以自由摆动。But there are also shorter, stubbier whiskers, usually right under the nose, called microvibrissae.还有一些较短的、更加坚硬的胡须,通常生长在鼻子正下方的则被称为微触须。Many animals, like rats or mice, have both kinds.像大鼠或老鼠之类的大多数动物都有这两种触须。And in those creatures, its thought that the big ones are used for spatial tasks, while the little ones are more important for recognizing certain objects.在这些生物中,通常认为较大的可用于空间任务,而较小的则对于某种物体的识别更为重要。If you can move your big whiskers, like a rat does, you can actually get lots of really valuable information about the space around you ... almost like seeing, but with your hair.如果摆动你的大胡须,就像老鼠那样,你也可以在你周围获取一些有价值的信息...几乎就像用毛发看东西一样。This behavior actually has a name—aptly enough, its called whisking.事实上,这种行为被成为挥动,真是太贴切了。For example, if a rat is new to an area, it will move slowly, flicking its whiskers back and forth, letting them sweep over a broad area to get a good sense of the surroundings.比如,如果一只大鼠到一个新地方,它会缓慢地移动,轻轻地前后摆动它的胡须,让胡须扫过大片区域,感触一下周围环境。But if a rat aly knows the space, it will move more quickly, and whisk over a smaller area just to make sure it doesnt run into anything.但是如果大鼠已经熟悉了这一片区域,那么它们会更加快速地移动并用胡须扫过小片区域,确保此处不会有其他入侵者。And if a rodent is especially interested in something, it will increase the speed of its whisking to get a higher resolution sense of what the thing is.如果一个啮齿动物对某东西特别感兴趣,它会加快胡须摆动的速度以更清晰地感受这个东西。Other animals use their whiskers for more nefarious purposes… at least, if youre a prey animal.其他动物会将它们的胡须用于更加小邪恶的目的...至少,对被捕食者来说是这样的。The tiny etruscan shrew, for example, uses its whiskers to find and capture insects nearly as large as itself, even inside dark tunnels.例如,小臭鼩使用它们的胡须寻找并捕获和他们差不多同样大小的昆虫,甚至是黑暗隧道中的昆虫。Seals, too, use the tactile hairs to hunt, and have whiskers so sensitive that they can actually sense fish breathing.同样,海豹利用它们的触毛捕食,并且它们的胡须非常敏感,能让它们感受到鱼类的呼吸。Biologists think thats because seals have as much as ten times the number of nerve endings per whisker follicle that land animals have.生物学家认为这是因为海豹每个胡须卵泡的神经末梢数量是陆地动物的十倍。OK, so you get that whiskers are super-useful, and on the right animal, they can be downright dashing.所以,胡须可是超级有用的,胡须对于动物来说可是派头十足。So in that case, why dont we have them? Well, we probably did at one point. Or, at least, our ancestors did.这样看来,为什么人类却没有胡须呢?或许,在某一时期,我们还是有胡须的。至少,我们的祖先就有。Whiskers are thought to have been an important adaptation in early mammals, including primates.一直以来,胡须都是早期哺乳动物经过适应后的重要结果,包括灵长类动物。But then, around 800,000 years ago, we appear to have lost the bit of DNA that allows for true whiskers.但是在8000,000年前,我们的那一小块能生长真正胡须的DNA似乎已经消失了。However, our distant cousins—the other great apes—still have it, and you can see their whiskers if you look closely.而我们的远方表亲——其他类人猿,仍然有胡须。如果你近距离观察它们,还是能看到它们的胡须的。They are not the big flashy whiskers your cat has, but chimps, gorillas, and orangutans all have microvibrissae all around their mouths and eyebrows.它们的胡须不像你的喵那样浮夸,但是,黑猩猩、大猩猩和猩猩的嘴和眼睛周围都有微触须。Theres even evidence that some people today have vestigial muscles in their upper lips that are leftover from when our primate ancestors had whiskers —甚至有据表明,一些人的上唇仍留退化肌肉,这种退化肌肉自我们的灵长类祖先有胡须时起——although, not all scientists are convinced about that.虽然,并不是所有科学家都认同这一说法。Either way, modern humans seem to have gotten along just fine without whiskers.不管咋样,现代人类没有胡须似乎也过得不错。All that brain space that was dedicated to getting information from whiskers is now used to map our sense of touch, with a big chunk going to our fingertips.所有致力于从胡须中收取信息的脑空间现在都被用于安置我们的触摸感,其中大部分都流入指尖。And we have pretty good visual systems for navigating, so we dont have to feel our way around with hairs.我们有很好的导航视觉系统,所以我们不用头发感知出路。So, if youre wishing you could go out for a nice whisking, or had a sweet set of whiskers that could make you into like a real-life Daredevil, take heart.所以,如果你希望自己能找到摆动的胡须或是拥有一套胡须能将你变成现实中的超胆侠,那可是需要勇气的。Not having them is part of what makes you human.没有胡须,时让你成为人类的一部分。But if you want to see me rocking some scientific cat ears, check out our Talk Show about the brain with Dr. Amanda Duley.如果你想看我摇晃科学的猫耳朵,可以点击Dr. Amanda Duley关于大脑的脱口秀视频。Theres a link in the description. I move them with my mind.简介中有链接。我可以用意念来摇晃哟~201707/515709栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。201607/451759

Ive gotten a few questions recently about the word are.我最近收到一些关于单词“are”的问题。Specifically someone recently asked if they were hearing correctly “What you doing?” instead of “What are you doing?”有人特别指出他们所听到的“What you doing?” 而不是“What are you doing?”是否正确。That is not grammatically correct, and a native speaker would not say “What you doing?”这在语法上是错误的。母语者也不会说“What you doing?”However, a native speaker may reduce the word are so much that a non-native speaker would have problems hearing it.然后,母语者可能会略读单词“are”以至于非英语母语者会听不出来。The word are can be reduced simply to the schwa R sound, er (loop three times).单词“are”可以略读为简单的弱元音R,“er”(循环三次)。So in this sentence, “What are you doing?” you may very well hear whater [x2], whater you doing? (loop two times) with the “er” very low in pitch and very fast.所以“What are you doing?” 这句话中,你可能会听到“whater”(循环两次),“whater you doing”(循环两次),其中“er”音调低沉迅速。What are you doing? What are (loop two times), it sounds like the word butter. Butter, what are, what are you doing?What are you doing?“what are”(循环两次),听起来就像单词“butter”。Butter,what are,what are you doing?Now that you know what youre listening for, see if you can hear it in this sentence: What are you doing? (loop three times)现在你知道你听的是什么了,试试看你能否在这个句子里听出来。What are you doing?(循环三次)The word are is often shortened in writing as well, as a contraction with you, we, or they. Theyre, for example.单词“are”在书写时也经常和“you”,“we”或者“they”这些词进行缩写,例如“They’re”。But it doesnt have to be written as a contraction for it to be pronounced with this short er sound.但并不是因为它发音时变成“er”所以书写时才进行缩写。Lets look at a few more sentences where the word are can be reduced.我们再来看一些句子中的“are”略读的例子。My cousins are coming tomorrow. My cousins are (loop two times), My cousins are coming tomorrow. (loop two times)My cousins are coming tomorrow. “My cousins are”(循环两次)My cousins are coming tomorrow. (循环两次)The cookies are good. The cookies are, are, the cookies are good.饼干好吃。饼干好吃。Where are the girls? Now here the word before ends in the schwa R sound, er, where er the girls? I would explain it as a re-emphasizing of the er sound: Where er the girls?Where are the girls?这里的单词以弱音R结尾,er,where er the girls?我把这称为对“er”音的再次强调。Where er the girls?But in fast speech, it actually all blends together. Where are the girls? (loop two times)但是在快速语音中,实际上两个单词都是连在一起的。Where are the girls?(循环两次)So it sounds like the word R is being dropped. Where are the girls?所以听起来就像是省略了R。Where are the girls?And someone else asked about the word are and the word were – about them sounding the same when theyre both reduced.还有人问到单词“are”和“were”在略读时发音一样的问题。The word were will always have that W sound at the beginning, so there is a difference in the pronunciation of these words.单词“were”开头永远都有w的音,所以这两个单词在发音上是有区别的。Lets look at an example sentence.我们来看一些例子。The kids are there. The kids er, er, er, just the R sound, the kids are there.The kids are there. The kids er,er,er,只有R的音,the kids are there.The kids were there. The kids ww, ww, were, were, the kids were there.孩子们在那里。孩子们在那里。The second one has that W sound in it. The kids are there, the kids were there. (loop two times) Can you hear the difference?第二种里面有W的音在。The kids are there,the kids were there. (循环两次)你能听出区别吗?Now that you know this concept of the reduced word are, try it out in your speech.现在你知道了略读单词“are”的原理,在你讲话中试着运用一下。And listen for it when youre listening to native speakers.当你听英语母语者讲话时也注意听一下。Thats it, and thanks so much for using Rachels English.这次的学习就到这里,非常感谢使用Rachels English。201706/515266

TED演讲视频:纽约街道从此不再破旧不堪“一名交通专员的工作,不仅限于停车标志和交通信号灯”,珍妮特·萨迪-汗解释说,2007年她被任命为纽约市的交通专员。在这个有趣且发人深省的演讲中,她详细介绍了成功改造五个区的街道背后的那些思考,其中还包括泰晤士广场的步行区以及Citi Bikes的引进。让我们一起来期待这位特别的嘉宾!201702/493538

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