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2017年12月17日 08:27:19来源:千龙健康

Hilton Humanitarian Prize Of .5 Million Goes To Bangladeshi NGO孟加拉国非政府组织荣获人道奖The world's biggest humanitarian prize has been awarded to BRAC, the largest non-profit organization in the developing world. The 2008 Hilton Humanitarian Prize of .5 million honors BRAC, a Bangladeshi-based NGO, for its achievements in helping to eradicate poverty in nine Asian and African countries.世界最大的人道主义奖颁给了孟加拉农村发展委员会(BRAC)这个发展中国家最大的非营利组织。2008年希尔顿人道主义奖的150万美元奖金颁给了孟加拉农村发展委员会这个总部设在孟加拉的非政府组织,因为孟加拉农村发展委员会在协助亚洲和非洲9个国家消除贫穷方面取得成就。Founder of BRAC, Fazle Hasan Abed, said he is particularly honored to receive the Hilton Humanitarian Prize on the International Day to Eradicate Poverty, a day to remember the billions of people living in extreme poverty. He said he and his organization have worked for 36 years for the alleviation of poverty.孟加拉农村发展委员会的创建人阿贝德表示,他觉得特别荣幸能在国际消除贫困日这一天获得希尔顿人道主义奖。国际消除贫困日是要提醒我们记得几十亿生活在极度贫困中的人。他说,他和他的组织已经努力工作了36年来缓解贫穷。He said BRAC, which was launched in Bangladesh in 1972, now reaches more than 110 million people in nine Asian and African countries with its holistic approach toward development.他说,孟加拉农村发展委员会1972年在孟加拉成立,现在以全面性发展计划向亚洲和非洲9个国家里1亿1千万人民伸出援手。He said BRAC will use the .5 million prize money to help poor people in southern Sudan.他说,孟加拉农村发展委员会将把这150万美元的奖金用来协助苏丹南部的穷人。"After 20 years of conflict in southern Sudan, the Sudanese peace, fragile peace is still holding and people have come back to their villages," he said. "We are now trying to organize them in providing them health care and education and micro-finance, particularly poor people having no access to education or health care. We are trying to provide that." 他说:“苏丹南部经历了20年的冲突,苏丹的和平是很脆弱的,而且仍然没有落实,苏丹人民已经返回他们自己的村落。我们现在将他们组织起来,尤其是对那些没有能力获得教育和医疗照顾的穷人,试图向他们提供医疗照顾、教育和小额信贷。我们正在试图提供这些务。”BRAC won out over more than 225 nominees. A member of the prominent panel of international jurors, Princess Salimah Aga Khan, said it was a challenge to select an organization that has accomplished something unique in the humanitarian field.孟加拉农村发展委员会从225个被提名的组织中胜出。国际评审小组的著名成员--萨丽麦公主表示,选出一个在人道主义领域完成独特成就的组织是很具有挑战性的。"BRAC filled so many areas of excellence. It would be hard to find another organization that has accomplished so much, in so many areas," she said. "Literally millions, 110 million people have been helped out of poverty. I, and the other jurors, were especially moved by the organization's emphasis on women. BRAC sees women as change agents, not for their families, but for their communities as a whole." 她说:“孟加拉农村发展委员会在这么多领域取得了杰出的成就。要找到另外一个在同样多领域拥有同样多成就的组织是很困难的。1亿1千万人接受帮助脱离了贫穷。我和其他评审人员对这个组织把重点放在妇身上尤其觉得感动。孟加拉农村发展委员会将妇女视为改变的动力,这不是指她们改变家庭,而是指她们改变了整个社区面貌。”Today, BRAC's programs reach three quarters of Bangladesh's population of 153 million people through the efforts of more than 110,000 micro-finance officers, teachers, health staff and enterprise managers.今天,在超过11万名的小额信贷职员、教师、医疗团队和企业经营者的努力下,孟加拉农村发展委员会的计划向孟加拉1亿5千3百万人口的四分之三伸出援手。In recent years, BRAC has expanded its programs globally and now has operations in Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Tanzania, Uganda, southern Sudan, Liberia and Sierra Leone.在最近几年中,孟加拉农村发展委员会已将计划向全球扩展,现在还在阿富汗、斯里兰卡、巴基斯坦、坦桑尼亚、乌干达、南部苏丹、利比里亚、塞拉利昂等国家运作。200810/53167。

  • Overseas Markets Drop Despite US Presidential Change亏损之忧使海外股市继续下滑 Despite the excitement the inauguration of Barack Obama generated around the world, overseas markets continued their downward slide. 尽管美国总统奥巴马的宣誓就职在全球各地都引起了激动和兴奋,但是海外股市还是继续下滑。Concern over rising bank losses and their effect on the world economy overshadowed the inauguration of U.S. President Barack Obama. 有关亏损日益增多以及它对世界经济带来影响的担忧盖过了美国总统奥巴马就职所带来的乐观情绪。In Tokyo and Hong Kong, both major indices were down two percent. 东京和香港这两大股市都下跌了2%。In Japan, machinery orders for November posted their steepest monthly fall since the government survey began 22 years ago. 在日本,11月份机械用品的订单出现了政府22年前开始进行这项调查以来最大幅度的月度下跌。In Europe, the same gloom persists. 在欧洲,同样低落的情绪还在持续。Germany has revised downward its prediction its economy will shrink by 2.25 percent this year. That would be the worst performance in 60 years. 德国下调了经济增长的预测,预计德国经济今年会收缩2.25%。这将是60年来最糟糕的表现。In Britain, Prime Minister Gordon Brown had to again defend his position of trying to spend his way out of this downturn and of further supporting banks with more taxpayer money in an effort to spur lending. 在英国,布朗首相不得不再次为他持有的通过增加政府开来走出这次经济滑坡以及用更多纳税人的钱进一步为提供帮助以促进借贷的立场进行辩护。"I believe that the indication that President Obama has given in the last few days - that he is going to take the fiscal stimulus action that we have taken and he is going to take action in relation to the banks in the way we have done - shows that the world can work together to deal with this problem. One thing that President Obama did not say in his speech yesterday was, 'fellow Americans, let us do nothing,'" he said.  他说:“我相信,奥巴马总统在过去几天发出的信号,即他将采取我们已经采取的财政刺激措施以及他将以我们已经采取的方式来对采取行动表明,全世界可以共同努力,一道来对付这个问题。奥巴马昨天在他的就职演说中并没有说‘美国同胞,让我们什么事也不要做。’”Speaking in parliament, Mr. Brown said the banking measures were temporary, but absolutely essential right now.  布朗首相在议会发表讲话时表示,他对业所采取的措施是临时性的,但是在目前是绝对必要的。"When markets fail, and banks are unable to do the job for which they are intended, the only agency that can step in is the government. And if the government does not take action, no on else will. And that is the lesson that has been learned in every single country of the world and that is the lesson that President Obama said yesterday is the work that will be pursued in America," said Mr. Brown. 他说:“当市场不起作用,而且不能做它们本来应该做的事情时,唯一能够介入的就是政府。如果政府不采取行动,没有别的人会采取干预行动。这是世界各地每一个国家所吸取的教训,这也是奥巴马总统昨天所说的美国也将要采取的行动。”New British unemployment figures show a worsening job situation with nearly two million people out of work, the highest total since 1997. 最新的失业数据显示,英国的就业状况正在恶化,失业人数达到将近2百万人,是1997年以来最高的。01/61423。
  • Two Australian sisters have set an unofficial world record for continuous TV-watching after sitting through 87 hours of uninterrupted World Cup and football coverage.Football-mad Joanne and Alanah Argyrou, 22 and 24, outlasted two other contenders as they sat for some three-and-a-half days at Sydney's Star City Casino, beating Dutchman Efraim van Oeveren's 86 hours.The feat -- which awaits confirmation by Guinness World Records -- was monitored by a team of officials who ensured the sisters did not look away from the screen for more than five seconds.They were given one five-minute break per hour but were allowed no more than five cups of coffee a day. In between World Cup broadcasts, the women watched recorded matches and football documentaries.Australia’s hopes of reaching the knocking-out stages were badly dented after June 14’s 4-0 defeat by Germany. The country is bidding to host the tournament's 2022 edition.Vocabulary:casino: a public building or room where people play gambling games for money knocking-out stage:淘汰赛阶段dent: to damage somebody's confidence, reputation, etc. 损害,伤害,挫伤(信心、名誉等)背单词 — 装英语词汇201006/106693。
  • Mental well-being心理健康A New York state of mind纽约人的精神状态Urban brains behave differently from rural ones城市人的大脑异于乡村Jun 23rd 2011 | from the print editionShelley contemplates urban decay沉思城市衰落的雪莱“HELL is a city much like London,” opined Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1819. Modern academics agree. Last year Dutch researchers showed that city dwellers have a 21% higher risk of developing anxiety disorders than do their calmer rural countrymen, and a 39% higher risk of developing mood disorders. But exactly how the inner workings of the urban and rural minds cause this difference has remained obscure—until now. A study just published in Nature by Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg of the University of Heidelberg and his colleagues has used a scanning technique called functional magnetic-resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the brains of city dwellers and country bumpkins when they are under stress.1819年,波比#8226;雪莱认为“伦敦市更像一个地狱”。现代学者同意这个观点。荷兰研究人员研究表明,城市居民相对稳定的乡村同胞来说,得焦虑症的概率高出21%,得心理障碍疾病的概率高出39%。但是直到现在,城市思想和乡村思想是如何引起这方面差异的确切原因仍旧是不清楚的。最近海德尔堡大学的学者安德烈亚斯#8226;迈耶-林登贝格和他的同事在《自然》杂志上发表了一个研究,该研究使用称为机能性磁共振图像的扫描技术测试了在压力下城市居民和乡村居民的大脑活动情况。In Dr Meyer-Lindenberg’s first experiment, participants lying with their heads in a scanner took maths tests that they were doomed to fail (the researchers had designed success rates to be just 25-40%). To make the experience still more humiliating, the team provided negative feedback through headphones, all the while checking participants for indications of stress, such as high blood pressure.在迈耶-林登贝格士的第一个实验中,参与者躺着头枕在一个扫描器上接受他们注定要失败的数学测验(研究人员仅仅把成功率设为25%-40%)。为了使这活动更加具有羞辱性,研究人员通过耳机给予参与者消极的回答,并一直检测参与者表现出的压力反应,如高血压。201106/142677。
  • Tonight the newly winged young would join the feeding frenzy.They are now fully fledged members of the colony,y to investigate the bounty of this land,and dark in the dusk with breathtaking numbers once again.今晚羽翼未丰的年轻小伙子们新加入到大军当中。他们现在是充分保障殖民地的成员,准备调查这片肥沃的土地,黄昏的黑暗中再次上演了惊险一幕。Morning in Costa Rica ,and the army is on the move again.Each day about a third of the nest spills out in the deluge of ants.And for moat of their prey,resistance is futile.哥斯达黎加的早上,这军队再次踏上了征程。每一天大约三分之一的巢泄漏在铺天盖地的蚂蚁当中。作为它们的猎物,反抗根本就是徒劳的。词语解释:1. feed v. 喂养2. member n. 成员164632。
  • Education policy 教育政策 Final exam期终考试As elections loom, Barack Obama tries to reform America’s schools 随着选举临近,巴拉克-奥巴马尝试改造美国的学校AMERICA’S schools are dotted with stories of progress. In December your correspondent watched a class of seven-year-olds on Chicago’s poor West Side. As Mauricia Dantes, a consultant for IBM before she retrained as a teacher, led the pupils in a discussion about the deaf-and-blind author Helen Keller, one small girl declared: “I feel like I’m in college.” One day, thanks to Ms Dantes and other teachers, she may be. 美国的学校系统里不乏一些可圈可点的先进事迹。去年12月份,我们的记者在芝加哥欠发达的西区旁听了一节七年级课程。当毛里西噢-邓蒂斯(Mauricia Dantes)教师(之前是IBM的一名咨询员)引导学生们围绕聋哑作家海伦·凯勒(Helen Keller)展开讨论时,一个小女孩大声说:“我感觉自己像在大学里。”感谢邓蒂斯女士和其它教师,有一天她可能真的会到那里。Barack Obama wants such scenes to be the rule rather than the exception. The question is what the federal government can do to help. Ten years ago Congress passed the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), a bold effort to improve America’s schools. On March 14th Mr Obama announced that he wants to pass a new version by August. It could be one of his most important feats. But it will not be easy. 巴拉克-奥巴马希望这样的场景成为常例,而非特例。问题是联邦政府能提供怎样的帮助。十年前,国会通过了《不让一个孩子掉队法》(No Child Left Behind Act,NCLB)——一项旨在改进美国学校系统的大胆举措。3月14日,奥巴马先生宣布他想在8月份前通过一个新版本。虽然这有可能成为他执政期间最重要的成就之一,但是实现起来将不会轻松。The main problem is that politicians still disagree on Washington’s role in education. The federal government provides less than 10% of the money schools spend. But NCLB, the most recent incarnation of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act, gave the federal government unprecedented influence. States must set standards of achievement. Schools that fail to make progress face sanctions. 主要问题是政客们仍无法就联邦政府在教育中该扮演的角色达成共识。虽然来自联邦政府的补贴在学校开中占比不到10%,但是作为1965年中小学教育法(Elementary and Secondary Education Act)最新体现的NCLB法案给了联邦政府前所未有的影响力。就教学质量,各州必须设定合格标准,未能达标的学校将面临处罚。NCLB exposed the dismal performance of schools. But it has also demonstrated how clumsy Washington’s hand can be. A requirement for “highly qualified” teachers turns out to have helped keep states from hiring good ones. State standards diverge wildly. NCLB’s main goal, for all pupils to be proficient in ing and maths by 2014, is unrealistic. And thanks to an odd way of judging schools, more than 80% may be labelled as “failing” this year. LCLB暴露了学校的糟糕表现。但是它也展现了华盛顿之手是何等笨拙。一项关于“高质量”教师的要求结果导致州政府无法择优聘请。鉴于各州的标准相差巨,NCLB的主要目标,即到2014年前让所有小学生熟练掌握阅读和算术技能,根本不切实际。因为古怪的评判方法,今年估计超过80%的学校可能将被打上“失败”的标记。201104/131608。
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