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2019年11月18日 16:38:49来源:周助手

Hello. My name is Emma, and in todays , we are going to talk about the ing module of the IELTS.大家好!我叫Emma,在今天的视频中,我们要讨论的是雅思的阅读部分。Im going to tell you some of my top IELTS ing tips. So lets get started.我会告诉你们一些我的雅思阅读秘诀。那么,我们就开始吧。During the ing module of the IELTS, there will be three passages that you , and for each passage, there are a bunch of questions you have to answer.在雅思考试的阅读部分,一共有三篇文章,每一篇文章后面都有一堆要你回答的问题。The first tip I have for you is: dont spend too much time ing the passages.我要说的第一个诀窍就是:不要花太多时间阅读文章。What happens to a lot of students is they word-for-word everything.很多学生在做阅读理解的时候,总是逐字逐字地把所有内容都读一遍。They see a word they dont know, they keep trying to understand the meaning.当他们看见不认识的单词时,会一直想办法弄懂这个单词的意思。You dont have to understand everything to understand the passage. If you dont know a word, thats fine.其实,你们并不需要读懂所有内容才能弄懂文章大意。如果有不认识的单词,也没有关系。The better thing to do than to slowly , is to use skills such as skimming, which means you quickly for the main idea,比慢慢阅读文章更好的就是使用一些阅读技巧,比如略读,也就是快速阅读以弄懂文章主要思想;or scanning, meaning you look for key words or you look for specific detail.或者浏览,意思就是在阅读的时候寻找关键词或者要点。A lot of students, what they do for the IELTS is they actually will the questions first, and then they will the passage.很多学生在参加雅思考试的时候采用的办法是,先看文章后面的问题,然后再阅读文章。And that way, they... they know what theyre looking for.这样他们就知道自己要找什么了。You dont have to do this, its one technique. Some students find this a lot easier, other students like to the passage first and then answer the questions.你们不一定非得这么做,这只是一种技巧。有些学生觉得这样会简单一些,但也有其他学生喜欢先读文章再回答问题。I recommend trying both out. First do the ing, then the questions,我的建议是你们可以两种方法都试一试。第一次先读文章再回答问题,then try to the questions first and the passage and see what you like better, what youre more comfortable doing.第二次试着先看问题再读文章。然后看看你更喜欢哪一种,哪一种方法让你觉得更舒。So the key thing here is: dont slowly.总之最关键的就是:不要慢慢地阅读。Its a timed test, you have three parts, you have to get through 40 questions; its very important that you quickly.考试是有时间限制的,而且整个阅读部分有三篇文章,还有40个问题要回答,所以快速阅读非常重要。You can start practicing ing quickly also. There are a number of resources out there where you can actually start practicing.你们练习的时候也可以试着快速阅读了。可供练习的资源也有很多。And time yourself when you practice, make sure youre not going over time.练习的时候要记得给自己计时,确保不要超时。Number two, similar to number one, my tip is: dont spend too long on each question.第二个诀窍和第一个差不多,就是:不要在一道问题上花太长时间。Some of the questions are difficult,theyre possible, you can do well on them,but some of them,有些问题是很难的,当然了,你们会做对也是有可能的,you might be ing and you might think: ;Oh, I dont know what the answer is,; and you might look at it, and think, and try, and try, and try.不过其中有些问题你们看到的时候也许会觉得:“天呐,我不知道是什么”,然后你们也许就会一直看着这个问题,不停地想,不停地试啊试啊试的。Well, the problem is if you spend too much time on a question, there are 40 questions and the one-hour limit for the test, it goes by very quickly.可是,如果你们在一道问题上花的时间太多,那就麻烦了,因为总共有40道问题需要完成,时间会不够用的,毕竟考试的一个小时过得很快。So you cant spend too much time on each question.所以,不要在一道问题上花太多时间。So what I recommend is a question, try to figure out the answer. If you dont know it, you can put a star beside it and come back after.我的建议是可以先读完问题,想一想。如果想不出的话,在这个问题旁边画个星号,之后再回过头来看这个问题。Dont spend too long on any question. You can also take a guess, move on, and come back later.不要在任何一道问题上花太长时间。你们也可以先猜一个,然后继续做其他的题,晚一点再回来看这道题。My third tip: spend less time on earlier questions.我的第三个诀窍就是:在前面的问题上少花一点时间。For the ing module, the... like I said, there are three passages. The first passage is the easiest, then the second passage, and then the third passage.在阅读部分,就像我之前说过的一样,总共有三篇文章。第一篇文章是最简单的,然后是第二篇,最后一篇文章比较难。If you spend all your time on the first passage, youre not gonna have time to do the second and the third. And, like I said, the first one is easier.如果你们把所有时间都花在了第一篇文章上的话,就没时间完成第二和第三篇了。而且,就像我说的,第一篇是最容易的。So a good idea is to spend less time on the first passage, maybe about 17 minutes,那么比较好的办法就是在第一篇文章上少花一点时间,也许第一篇可以用17分钟左右,then the second passage maybe spend about 20 minutes, and the third passage maybe 23 minutes.第二篇大概20分钟,最后一篇可能花个23分钟左右。You dont have to follow this exactly, but the main idea is spend less time on part one, more time on part three because part three is harder.你们不用完全照着这个时间来,但是主要意思是:要在第一篇文章上少花些时间,多留些时间给第三篇文章,因为第三篇会比较难。My fourth point is: make sure you have enough time to transfer your answers.第四点是:请确保留有足够时间誊写。They will have an answer sheet and youre supposed to write your answers on it.考试的时候会发一份答题卡,你们要把写在答题卡上。Its very important to leave yourself time to transfer your answers from your test paper to the answer sheet.留有足够的时间把从试卷誊写到答题卡上是很重要的。A lot of students, they work through the booklet and then they realize theres no time to transfer their answers, so make sure you leave time for this.很多学生在写完试卷之后才发现没有时间把抄到答题卡上了,所以你们一定要确保留有足够的时间誊写。Okay, my fifth tip is a very, very common error students make: three words or less.第五个诀窍是个学生们经常会犯的错误:不超过三个单词。In the ing section, also in the listening, in the instructions you will also... or you will often see the words: ;Write three words or less.;在阅读部分的答题要求中,实际上听力部分也有,你们也会......你们经常会看见这句话:“不超过三个单词。”They mean: write three words or less. A lot of students write too many words here.这句话的意思就是:不要写超过三个单词。但很多学生还是会写很多个单词。So, for example: if Im doing a ing on archeology and, you know, I have to write an answer and my answer is: ;the tomb of the Pharaoh;,举个例子来说,假如我正在做一篇关于考古学的阅读理解,然后我要回答一个问题,比如说是; the tomb of the Pharaoh;。for example. This is a Pharaoh, if you dont know, ancient Egypt.以防你们不知道,这个就是一个古埃及的法老。If the instructions tell me: ;write three words or less;, and my answer is: ;the tomb of the Pharaoh;, Ive written way too many words.如果答题要求写着“不得超过三个单词”,而我的是; the tomb of the Pharaoh;,那我就多写了太多单词了。Ive written one, two, three, four, five, so thats too many. So I would get this wrong on the IELTS, get a big ;X;.我写了1、2、3、4、5,5个单词,这就太多了。所以如果我在参加雅思考试的话,就做错了,会得个大大的; X;。Even though my answer was right, because I didnt follow the instructions and I wrote too many words, Im going to get it wrong.即使我的没有错,但是因为我没有按照考试要求作答,写了太多单词,这一题还是没有分。So what would be the correct answer in this case is: ;the Pharaohs tomb;.那么按照要求来说这一题的正确是; the Pharaohs tomb;。This is three words. So in this example, that would be correct, we havent gone over three words.只有三个单词。所以,在这个例子中这才是正确的,写的单词没有超过三个。Also, I could write for these questions maybe one word or maybe two words.同样的,对于这些问题,也可以写一个或者两个单词。可以写一个、两个或者三个单词,但是一定不能超过三个。这个错误十分常见。I can write one, two, or three words - no more than that. Very common mistake.可以写一个、两个或者三个单词,但是一定不能超过三个。这个错误十分常见。Number six is another common mistake students make, their spelling.第六个诀窍也是学生们经常会犯的一个错误——他们的拼写。A lot of students forget that the ing section also has a writing component and that is you have to write your answers.很多学生都忘了其实阅读理解也有书写的部分,那就是你们要把写出来。You also have to spell your answers correctly, and many students, unfortunately, make spelling mistakes.在这一部分你们同样需要正确地把拼写出来,然而不幸的是,很多学生都会出现拼写错误。So its very important to practice spelling before you do the IELTS.所以,在参加雅思考试之前练习拼写单词也是很重要的。It will help you with the listening section, the writing section, and the ing section.这在考试的听力部分、写作部分和阅读部分都有帮助。I cant emphasize this enough. Smelling... Spelling... Not smelling. Spelling matters. Okay?这个问题我怎么强调都不过分。一定要注意拼写问题。One idea is you can get a book and any time you spell a word wrong, write it in your book and practice those words.有一个办法就是,你们可以准备一个本子,无论什么时候写错了单词,都把这个单词写到本子上去,然后记住这些单词。Have a spelling book for yourself so you can see which words you often make mistakes with.做一个属于你们自己的单词本,这样就可以看看你们经常写错哪些单词了。Number seven, a lot of students also make this mistake with grammar.第七个诀窍,很多学生还会经常犯语法错误。You have to use the correct grammar when youre answering a question.在答题的时候一定要使用正确的语法。So, for example, sometimes maybe the answer is: ;castles; with an ;s;, but a student might write the singular version in their answer,比如,有时候也许是; castles;,有个复数词尾; s; ,但是学生可能会在中写出单数形式,maybe they just write: ;castle;, but the correct form would be with an ;s;.他们可能会写; castle;,可是正确是有; s;的。So you always have to be aware of grammar.所以一定要时常注意语法。The best thing to do is after you write your answer, check it to see if the grammar makes sense.最好的方法就是在写完之后检查一下,看看从语法上是不是说得通。Were they looking for singular answer? Were they looking for a plural answer? Okay? So thats very important to keep an eye out for.看看题目需要的是单数形式的,还是复数形式的?这一点非常值得注意。Finally, my last... my last tip for today is: a lot of students dont the instructions properly.最后,今天我要说的最后一个诀窍就是:很多学生都不仔细看题目要求。This is a very, very big mistake to make. A lot of students, theyve done lots and lots of IELTS tests and they think they know it,这种行为大错特错。很多学生已经参加过很多次雅思考试了,所以他们以为自己都懂,so they dont bother ing the instructions.Always the instructions.就懒得看题目要求了。请一定要仔细阅读题目要求。Even if youve done a hundred IELTS tests, the instructions just to make sure.即使你们已经参加过一百次雅思考试了,也要看看题目要求以防万一。For example, some common mistakes that happen is for multiple choice in the ing section,举个例子来说,一些很常见的错误都出现在阅读部分的选择题,maybe the question will ask you to choose two answers and if you dont the instructions properly, you might just pick one.也许问题中要求你们选出两个,但是如果你们没有仔细阅读题目要求的话,可能会只选一个。Or maybe it asks you to pick three answers. So its very important to the instructions properly.或者也许要求是选出三个呢。所以仔细阅读题目要求是很重要的。Another common issue with instructions is people confuse ;Not Given;, ;Yes;, ;No; questions with: ;Not Given;, ;True;, or ;False; questions.另一个常见的题目要求方面的问题就是,大家会把“文中没有提及”、“是”、“不是”这类问题和“文中没有提及”、“正确”、“错误” 这样的问题混淆。Theyre different. So by ing the instruction, hopefully you can see the differences.这两类问题是不同的。通过阅读题目要求,你们可能就看得出它们之间的区别了。And then when youre supposed to write: ;Yes;, you dont write: ;True;, and when youre supposed to write: ;No;, you dont write: ;False;.还有,当你们回答问题应该写“是”的时候,不要写成“正确”;而当应该写“不是”的时候,也不要误写成“错误”。So make sure you dont mix those questions up. Read the instructions.所以为了确保你们不会混淆这些问题,请阅读题目要求。So, in order to practice the IELTS, I invite you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com. We have a quiz there on some of these tips youve just learned.那么,为了让大家更好地练习雅思,我推荐你们通过www.engvid.com进入我们的网站。网站上有一个小测验,就是关于我们今天学到的这些诀窍的。And also, I would recommend visiting another site www.goodluckielts.com, for a lot more information on the test.另外,我还想向你们推荐一个网站:www.goodluckielts.com,在这个网站上你们能找到更多关于雅思考试的信息。I know youre going to do well on test day. So good luck. Im rooting for you, I know youre gonna do a good job. Until next time.我知道你们考试的时候一定都会表现得很好的,祝你们好运!我会为你们加油的,我相信你们!下次见咯。201706/515542。

  • It also has one freakish feature: there are seven rows of teeth.它还有一个很特别的特征:它有7排齿列。It is unlike any other creature we know of.这与我们所知的任何动物都不一样This suggests it must be one of the host of mutants that made this change,这说明这种演变一定是多次突变的其中一个结果just one of which would eventually become our ancestor.最后只有一个变成了我们的祖先Livoniana is a real missing link.文塔螈是真正的进化缺环Darwins 360 million year old riddle about how we developed our legs has been solved.达尔文提出的3亿6千万年前的古老谜题,关于我们如何长出腿脚终于得到了解答。It was vegetation on land and in the water that let flourish an explosion of mutations among lobe-finned fish.陆地和水中的植被在肉鳍鱼中引起了变异大爆发The most successful of these mutations, the one that stood the test of time,其中最成功、最经得起时间考验的突变was the development of limbs with fingers and toes.就是进化出四肢和趾头It was out of this swampy area that our earliest ancestor came crawling over land.正是从这些沼泽地区,我们最早的祖先开始爬上陆地It was not pre-ordained, but chance, a series of evolutionary accidents,这一过程并非是预先注定的,而是历经一系列偶发的进化事件but it just so happened that that creatures children would indeed inherit the earth one day.但它确实发生了,就这样,那种动物的子孙后代最终继承了地球。201703/500826。
  • TED演讲视频:走向简单的本质简单:见到即被理解。但是,它确切地是指什么?在这个幽默而又富含哲理的演讲中,George Whitesides找到了一个。201702/492845。
  • In our mention aly early this week Mexico has passed the ed States恩 这周早些时候我提到过这件事了 墨西哥已经超越美国for the title of fatters major country in the world成为了世界上肥胖人数最多的国家they are officially fatter than we are.他们比我们胖了I never thought this thing will coming Americans at now even too lazy to get fat.我从没想过这种事会发生 美国人 现在都懒得长胖了And thats sad. But I thought it this was making an interesting indication真是悲哀啊 但是我想 这会是个很有趣的尝试of our audience participation segment pedestrian question让观众参与进这个路人问答的环节when we went out onto Hollywood Boulevard today.我们去了好莱坞卡德大道And we ask a wide range people the following question are you fat?我们问了很多人 一个这样的问题 你胖吗Now the way this work is pedestrian will say their name and where they from.现在是这样 被采访者会说出自己的名字和来自哪里And we will all try to guess if they think they are fat. OK?我们就要猜猜看他是不是觉得自己胖 好吧Thats triky.Because you have to get inside a persons brain. All right还挺难的 因为你得看透别人脑子里的想法 对吧Lets meet our first pedestrian. Whats your name and where are you from?我们来看看第一位被采访者 你叫什么名字 来自哪里呢Im Hussein.Im from Las Vegas. And are you fat? Yeah.侯赛 我来自 你胖吗 恩Is Hussein fat? Yes... And he will be happy to hear that. Yes,I am.那么侯赛 胖吗 胖…… 好吧 他听到会很高兴的 是的 我胖Think yes. Name one person that is fatter than you.是的 说出一个比你还胖的人Er.Itll be my sister. OK.Thats all right呃 那就是我了 好吧 好吧Next up. Im Jordan. From Minnesota. Are you fat? Ah.Thats.下一个 乔丹 来自明尼苏达 你胖吗 好的 那么Is Jordan fat? No One yes, the rest no. No.乔丹胖吗 不胖 有一个人说胖 其他的都说不胖 不胖What about now? No. What about now? No. Give them time.现在呢 不胖 那现在呢 不胖 慢慢问 你最后总会得到想要的的Next. Jim Karen. Im from New Brown Fels, San Antonio. Are you fat?下一个 吉米 凯伦 我来自圣安东尼奥的新布朗菲尔斯 你胖吗Ah,is Jim fat? No. Yes. Thats hard to tell for.好的 吉米胖吗 不胖 胖 这个好难猜Dont know. OK. Lets find out. NO Why not? Ah. Because Im tall.我也不知道 那么 我们一起看看吧 不胖 为什么呢 因为我很高Yeah, Because tall enough He cant be some fatter. All right. And we go.对啊 你要是够高 你就胖不了了 好的 继续吧Arroyo. From Alabama. Are you fat? But he doesnt look fat at all.阿罗约 来自阿拉巴马州 你胖吗 他看起来一点都不胖啊Lets find out. Ah, Im kind of. It should be some.我们来看看结果吧 我其实有点点发福I have to go back to the gym. Are you Mexican? No, Im not Mexican.我得回去好好健身了 你是墨西哥人吗 不 我TMD才不是墨西哥人呢But.My name is Arroyo. Is that what you ask me there? Yeah.不过 我的名字叫阿罗约 你是因为我的名字才这样问我的吗 嗯哼Damn.Oh,I am not Mexican. Im black.我去 我不是墨西哥人 我是黑人Oh,I aly now have see. Hes right.He is right.哦 现在我知道你是黑人了 他说的对 他是对的Im Robbie Myers. Im from Eastern Canada. Are you fat? Hum. Is this guy fat?我叫罗比 麦耶 我来自加拿大东部 你胖吗 恩 这个人胖吗No. NO Are you scared for? Lets find out. No. Why not?不胖 不胖 怎么 怕他啊 咱们来看看吧 不胖 为什么呢Because I eat healthily. Because, Because I,it doesnt show. Because I more than 210 cm tall.因为我饮食健康 因为 因为我胖的看不出来 而且我身高接近2米1So that I doesnt show fat. Hum. He is tall. Uh huh? All right. And one more.所以胖也看不出来 恩 他很高 是吧 好的 再来一个Hi. My name is Aisawa. Im from Ilanlo, Georgia. Are you fat?你好 我叫艾泽 我来自乔治亚州的伊兰洛 你胖吗Is he,is he is fat? No. Wow. Lets see what he thinks.他胖吗 他胖不胖 不胖 好 来看看他怎么说的No, I gotta little good meat to lose. But, Im not fat. Thank you.不胖 虽然我要再瘦一点 会更好看 但是 我并不胖 谢谢你She gotta going home, fellows. I wish see the camera right there.来看看她啊 朋友们 我希望你们吧镜头对着这里Come and stand, do like me. Do like me. Turn your left. Look at that. No.来跟我站一起 跟我做 转身 快来看啊不要Even Ben Laden get to resurrect. Right. White girl back blank.本拉登都要复活了 白人子正点啊OK. Were done. Let the table has turned. Thank you.好了 我们拍完了 反客为主了哦 订阅吉米鸡毛秀201707/515954。
  • Tropical Cyclone Debbie made landfall in Australia. And the violent storm is packing quite a punch.热带气旋“黛比”登陆澳大利亚。带来的暴风雨非常猛烈。This is a dangerous cyclone. People must stay indoors. Please do not go outside.这是一个危险的旋风。人们必须呆在室内。请不要走到外面。Debbie slammed into the northeastern coast of Australia Tuesday as a Category 4 cyclone.周二,四级强度气旋“黛比”猛烈袭击澳大利亚东北海岸。And with it came destructive wind gusts more than 160 miles per hour and torrential rainfall, leaving nearly 50,000 homes without power.它带来了超过160英里每小时的毁灭性阵风和暴雨,近50,000户家庭断电。Experts say Debbie is a slow-moving storm, and officials are preparing for the worst when it comes to damage.专家表示,“黛比”是一个缓慢移动的风暴,官员正在准备作最坏的打算。Queenslands police commissioner told reporters the storm was expected to stick around for up to 24 hours, and about 200 miles of coastline could be affected.昆士兰警察局长告诉记者,风暴预计将持续长达24小时,约有200英里的海岸线可能会受到影响。The last time Australia saw a storm of this magnitude was back in 2011. Cyclone Yasi wreaked havoc on the northern coast and caused billions of dollars in damage.上次澳大利亚看到这种规模的风暴是在2011年。飓风“雅斯”肆虐北部海岸,造成数十亿美元的损失。译文属。201703/500939。
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