时间:2020年02月23日 10:18:58

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201505/375499

According to the Mayo clinic来自马约诊所的信息表明often celiac disease appears after a bout of trauma通常情况下乳糜泻会在发生外伤之后出现including infection, a bodily injury, stress比如感染,身体创伤or stress of pregnancy.以及压力或者期抑郁If you have a close relative with celiac disease如果你有近亲患有乳糜泻it is important to be aware of the symptoms of你应该意识到celiac disease and complete regular screens乳糜泻的症状for the diagnosis.并进行全面的常规排查According to the American diabetes association根据美国糖尿病协会公布的数据about 1 in 20 people diagnosed with celiac disease1/20的乳糜泻患者have type 1 diabetes.也同时患有I型糖尿病Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas does not make当胰腺不能分泌胰岛素insulin for the body which allows cells无法促进葡萄糖的to take up glucose and氧化分解therefore must be obtained from an outside source.那么体内缺少的物质就需要从外界来获取It is also an autoimmune disease and is thought to这也是一种自身免疫性疾病develop the same way celiac disease does;原理与乳糜泻相同a genetic disposition with an environmental factor患病原因与基因相关such as viral infection, stresses, etc.以及受到外界因素的影响So it makes sense that one may比如病毒性感染以及压力等等,所以一者elicit the others response.可能会引发另外一者的反应也是说得通的This depiction is of the three components这里显示的是引发自身免疫性疾病的that cause an autoimmune disease;三种因素a genetic disposition shown by the pink circle用粉色圆圈显示的基因因素an environmental trigger shown in blue用蓝色圆圈显示的外界因素的引发作用and a defective immune system regulation以及用黄色圆圈显示的shown here in yellow.有缺陷的免疫系统调节According to gastroenterologist澳大利亚墨尔本的Dr. Robert Anderson著名胃肠病学专家果who is a leading gastroenterologist罗伯特,安德森士from Melbourne Australia在寻找and has dedicated a lot of his work to治疗乳糜泻的finding treatment options for people方法领域with celiac disease.有许多研究成果One possible treatment for people根据他的设想,治疗乳糜泻的一种可能的with celiac disease is the development of a pill方法就是研制一种药剂that contains enzymes that will break down gluten.这种药剂中含有可以分解麦胶蛋白的酶Theoretically a person with celiac disease理论上来说,乳糜泻患者可以在食用could take this pill含有麦胶蛋白的食品before consuming a meal containing gluten.前吃这种药This would then allow celiac disease sufferers这样的话乳糜泻患者the ability to eat gluten at least就可以至少在有些时候可以吃some of the time without having adverse effects.含有麦胶蛋白的食品,而不会发生危害作用Other research being conducted by Dr. Anderson安德森士进行的另一项研究includes immunotherapy.包括免疫疗法Immunotherapy means training the免疫疗法是指让免疫系统immune system to tolerate gluten.可以适应麦胶蛋白This would be done by having injections of这种方式可以通过皮下注射gluten peptides under the skin蛋白肽来使得免疫系统对麦胶蛋白to desensitize the immune system to gluten不再敏感so the body would no longer have a gluten然后身体也就不会induced immune response.再出现由麦胶蛋白引发的免疫反应This treatment would be similar to这种治疗方法与严重过敏的治疗方法how people with severe allergies are treated.有些类似Although these treatment options sound promising虽然这些治疗方法看起来they are new to research很有发展前景,但是它们还是比较新的研究and there are no conclusions that can yet be made.对于是否可行并没有确定的结论After following this presentation听完这些之后you should now be aware of celiac disease你应该已经对乳糜泻and the implications it has on those who have it.以及乳糜泻的患病预兆有所了解Be sure to see a doctor如果你出现了一些可能if you have unexplainable symptoms与乳糜泻有关的that may be caused by celiac disease无法解释的症状,或者or if an immediate family member has celiac disease.你有近亲患有乳糜泻,记得一定要去看医生 Article/201506/378520

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栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。 Article/201509/398675

大脑成像领域的先锋Nancy Kanwisher 经常使用fMIR 扫描技术来研究大脑区域里的活动(通常是她自己的大脑)。她分享了她看到的和他的同事们学到的:大脑是有高度专门化的组分和功能宽泛的机件共同构成的。令人意想不到的是,还有很多尚待研究。 Article/201412/350455

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