2019年12月12日 16:32:11|来源:国际在线|编辑:ask晚报
Do You Wish You Had Started a Family Sooner?Recently I wrote about parental 'do-overs'—what you would do differently with another child. Several ers wrote that one thing they would change is waiting so long to have children.最近我写了一篇关于“重做父母”的文章,就是如果再要一个孩子,你所做的事情会有什么不同。有几个读者写道,他们想改变的是:别等那么晚才要孩子。As one commenter wrote: 'The only regret I have is not starting sooner to have kids because I had no idea I'd love being a mom as much as I do and I would have definitely had a third if not a fourth. [My husband] and I were so focused on establishing ourselves career-wise and waited, as it turns out, a little too long.' Another wrote: 'I too wish I had started sooner. Being in my mid-thirties and having my first makes me wish [my husband] and I hadn't dragged our feet so long to start our family. I'm loving being a mommy!'有个读者是这么写的:“唯一让我感到遗憾的是,我没有早点要孩子,因为当时不知道当自己这么喜爱作母亲的感觉。我肯定会继续生,就算不生四个,至少也要生三个。我和丈夫那时候太重视事业,结果等了很长时间才决定要孩子。”还有一个写道:“我也希望能早点要孩子,我生第一个孩子的时候已经三十多岁了,我和丈夫都觉得当初不该犹豫那么久才做出决定,我太爱当妈妈的感觉了!”These comments hit close to home. Like a number of ers, my husband and I waited a while before we chose to have kids in our mid-30s. Now that I have my first son I love being a mom so much that I occasionally regret not starting my family a little sooner. I'd like to have three kids (I grew up in a family of three children and loved it) but because I got a 'later' start, that might not be so feasible as my body gets older and my fertility and energy-level wane.对此我深有同感。和许多读者一样,我和丈夫等到三十多岁才决定要孩子。生下第一个小男孩后,我觉得当妈妈的感觉好极了,所以有时候会后悔没有早点生孩子。我想要三个孩子(我父母就生了三个,我很喜欢在那样的环境里长大),但由于我起步晚了,生三个可能不太现实,因为身体会变老,生育能力和精力会跟不上。On the plus side, my husband and I who will be married five years this week but who have been together for eight years waited until we were sure that we really wanted and were y to have children; we were rather indifferent about having children early on in our relationship, so we wanted to make sure that we really wanted to be parents. My husband is a child of divorce, so we also wanted to be confident that our marriage was on sound footing before we brought a child into the world. We also wanted to be reasonably settled financially and professionally.不过,晚要孩子也有好处,本周将迎来我和丈夫的结婚五周年纪念日,但我俩在一起已经八年了。我们等了很长时间,充份确认是否真的要孩子,并做好了各种准备。早些时候,我们觉得要不要孩子无所谓,因此需要时间确认自己真的想当父母。我丈夫来自一个单亲家庭,所以我们想在赋予一个孩子生命前,想确信我们的婚姻基础很牢固。此外,我们也想先在经济上和事业上站稳脚跟。 /200905/69682Don't worry, be happy and, according to new research, you will also be healthy.It is estimated that over the course of one year, Americans suffer 1 billion colds. But new research shows that all it may take to avoid this common affliction is a positive and upbeat attitude.People who are energetic, happy and relaxed are less likely to catch a cold than those who are depressed, nervous or angry, finds a new study published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine.Healthy volunteers first underwent an emotional assessment in which they were asked to rate their tendency to experience positive and negative emotions--how often they felt pleased, relaxed, happy, or anxious, depressed and hostile. The subjects were next given a squirt up the nose of a rhinovirus, the nasty little germ that causes colds.Researchers then watched the volunteers to see who came down with a cold and waited to see how the unlucky ill manifested their cold symptoms."We found that people who regularly experience positive emotions, when exposed to rhinovirus, are relatively protected from developing illness," said Dr. Sheldon Cohen, lead author of the study and a psychology professor at Carnegie Mellon University.Although positive people showed a greater resistance to colds, negative people did not necessarily get sick more often."Increases in positive emotional styles were linked with decreases in the rate of clinical colds, but a negative emotional style had no effect on whether or not people got sick," Cohen said.So how can your emotions influence your health? In simple terms, when the brain is "happy" it sends messages to our organs that help keep the body healthy and sound."It's like a drug that is released by your state of mind and simply changing the state of mind can produce effects on the rest of the body through the nervous system and hormones," said Dr. Neil Shulman, associate professor of medicine at Emory University School of Medicine and author of Doc Hollywood. "Your chance of developing the common cold, pneumonia, or even cancer may very well be decreased by keeping your brain in a healthy state."In addition, happy and relaxed people are prone to better health practices than their negative and stressed counterparts. They are more likely to get plenty of sleep and to engage in regular exercise, and have been shown to have lower levels of certain stress hormones.Shulman says the study shows there are some simple things you can do to improve your chances of staying healthy."The take-home message is that we have very healthy ways that we can improve our overall well-being that don't cost money and that don't require a wait in the doctor's office," he said. 根据新的研究结果显示,如果你心情愉快、无忧无虑,你就会身体健康。据估计,美国一年中有十亿人患感冒。而新的研究表明只要有积极乐观的态度,就可以避免这一常见的疾病。《心理医学》杂志发表的一项新的研究表明:精力充沛、快乐轻松的人和沮丧、紧张、易怒的人相比不容易得感冒。身体健康的志愿者们首先接受了一次情绪测试,来测定他们的情绪是趋向于积极的还是消极的,也就是他们感到高兴、舒适、快乐或是焦虑、沮丧、敌对的频率。接着志愿者的鼻子上方被喷射一种能够引起感冒的可恶的微小细菌——鼻病毒。然后研究者们观察那些志愿者,看谁先感染上感冒,并等着看那些不幸患病的人表现何种感冒症状。该研究的主要领导者、卡内基梅隆大学的心理学教授谢尔登·科恩士说:“我们发现情绪一贯积极乐观的人遭受鼻病毒侵袭时,相对来说不太容易感染疾病。”尽管积极的人对感冒表现出较强的抵抗力,消极的人也不一定更容易经常感冒。“情绪越乐观,感冒的几率就越低,但是消极的情绪并不会对是否感冒产生影响。”科恩说。那么情绪到底是怎样影响你的健康的呢?简单的说,当大脑“轻松愉快”的时候,它会向各个器官发出有助于保持身体健康的信号。“这就像是你的情绪释放的一种麻醉剂,只要改变情绪就可以通过神经系统和激素对身体的其他部分产生影响,” 埃莫里大学医学院的医学副教授、影片《好莱坞医生》的作者尼尔·舒尔曼士说,“保持健康的情绪可以有效地降低感冒、肺炎甚至癌症发生的可能性。”另外,心情轻松愉快的人往往比消极紧张的人有更好的保健习惯。他们更容易有充足的睡眠,进行有规律的身体锻炼,而且他们体内某种紧张激素的含量较低。舒尔曼说研究显示你可以通过做一些简单的事情来保持身体健康。他说:“我们的建议是通过健康的方法来改善整个健康状况,这不需要花钱也不需要在医生的办公室前等待。” /200812/57594Moral Issues 美式道德Do Americans have any morals? That's a good question. Many people insist that ideas about right and wrong are merely personal opinions. Some voices, though, are calling Americans back to traditional moral values. William J. Bennett, former U.S. Secretary of Education, edited The Book of Virtues in 1993 to do just that. Bennett suggests that great moral stories can build character. The success of Bennett's book shows that many Americans still believe in moral values. But what are they? 美国人还有道德吗?这是个好问题。许多人坚持对与错乃是个人的意见。但是,还是有些人在呼唤美国人回到传统的道德价值里去。威廉.班奈特,前任美国教育部长,正是为了此目的而在一九九三年编辑了「美德」这本书。班奈特认为伟大的道德故事可以建造性格。班奈持这本书的成功显示了许多美国人仍然相信道德的价值。但是它们到底为何? To begin with, moral values in America are like those in any culture. In fact, many aspects of morality are universal. But the stories and traditions that teach them are unique to each culture. Not only that, but culture influences how people show these virtues. 最开始,道德价值在美国就像在任何其它的文化一样。事实上,许多道德的观点是全球一致的。但是,不同的文化则有不同的故事和传统来教导它们。不仅如此,文化也影响了人民如何表现这些美德。 One of the most basic moral values for Americans is honesty. The well-known legend about George Washington and the cherry tree teaches this value clearly. Little George cut down his father's favorite cherry tree while trying out his new hatchet. When his father asked him about it, George said, "I cannot tell a lie. I did it with my hatchet." Instead of punishment, George received praise for telling the truth. Sometimes American honesty-being open and direct-can offend people. But Americans still believe that "honesty is the best policy." 美国人最基本的道德价值之一是诚实。众所周知的乔治.华盛顿砍樱桃树的故事,即将此道德教导地极为清楚。小乔治在试他新斧头时砍倒了爸爸最心爱的樱桃树。当爸爸问他的时候,乔治说,「我不能说谎,我用我的斧头砍了它。」乔治非但未被惩罚,反而因为诚实而被赞赏。有时候美国人仍然相信「诚实是最上策」。 Another virtue Americans respect is perseverance. Remember Aesop's fable about the turtle and the rabbit that had a race? The rabbit thought he could win easily, so he took a nap. But the turtle finally won because he did not give up. Another story tells of a little train that had to climb a steep hill. The hill was so steep that the little train had a hard time trying to get over it. But the train just kept pulling, all the while saying, "I think I can, I think I can." At last, the train was over the top of the hill. "I thought I could, I thought I could," chugged the happy little train. 另外一个为美国人所尊崇的美德为坚忍。记得再龟兔赛跑这则伊索寓言吗?兔子以为牠可以赢的很轻松,便睡了个午觉,但是乌龟再最后终因不放弃而赢了这场比赛。另一个故事谈到一个必须爬过陡峭山头的小火车,山头是这么陡,以至于小火车很难爬上去,但是它仍不断地爬,并不停地说:「我想我能做到,我能做到。」最后,火车终于爬过了山头,「我就知道我可以。」这个快乐的小火车继续往前去。 ompassion may be the queen of American virtues. The story of "The Good Samaritan" from the Bible describes a man who showed compassion. On his way to a certain city, a Samaritan man found a poor traveler lying on the road. The traveler had been beaten and robbed. The kind Samaritan, instead of just passing by, stopped to help this person in need. Compassion can even turn into a positive cycle. In fall 1992, people in Iowa sent truckloads of water to help Floridians hit by a hurricane. The next summer, during the Midwest flooding, Florida returned the favor. In less dramatic ways, millions of Americans are quietly passing along the kindnesses shown to them. 同情心,可能是美国的道德之最了。圣经中的「好撒玛利亚人」的故事,描述一个流露同情心的人。在这个撒玛利亚人出发去某城市的途中,看到一个可怜的旅客躺在路旁。这旅客被鞭打、抢劫,这位仁慈的撒玛利亚人非但没有视而不见,反而停下来帮助这位有需要的人。同情心还可以变成一个正面循环,在一九九二年的秋天,爱荷华州的居民将好几辆卡车的水送到受飓风侵袭的佛罗里达州;而就在第二年夏天,当中西部闹水灾的时候,佛州人便投挑报李。数以百万计的美国人民正用较不醒目的方式回报人们向他们表达的善意。 In no way can this brief description cover all the moral values honored by Americans. Courage, responsibility, loyalty, gratitude and many others could be discussed. In fact, Bennett's bestseller-over 800 pages-highlights just 10 virtues. Even Bennett admits that he has only scratched the surface. But no matter how long or short the list, moral values are invaluable. They are the foundation of American culture-and any culture. 在这么一篇短短的文章里,无论如何也不能将美国人所尊崇的道德述尽。勇气、责任心、忠诚、感激之心还有许多其它可以讨论的。事实上,班奈特最畅销的书──超过八百页──只谈到了十种美德。即使班奈特也承认他只谈到了皮毛而已。但是不论这张道德表是多长或短,道德价值都是无价的。他们是美国文化──和任何其它国家的文化之基础。 /200804/34321

Three men were sitting on a park bench. The one in the middle was ing a newspaper; the others were pretending to fish. They baited imaginary hooks, cast lines and reeled in their catch.   A passing policeman stopped to watch the spectacle and asked the man in the middle if he knew the other two.   "Oh yes, " he said. "They are my friends. "  "In that case, " warned the officer, "you'd better get them out of here!"   "Yes, sir, " the man replied, and he began rowing furiously. 三名男子在公园的长椅上坐着。中间的一个在读报纸,另外两个在假装钓鱼。他们给想象的鱼钩上鱼饵,放线,并卷线把鱼抓上来。   一位过路警察驻足观察了这个景象,他问中间的那个男子是否认识其他两位。   “喔,认识,”他说,“他们是我的朋友。”   “那样的话,”警察告诫说,“你最好把他们从这里弄走。”   “好的,警官。”那男子回答说,接着就开始疯狂般地做起划桨的动作来。 /201109/152721

You've probably heard of hot yoga and power yoga, but now there's another form of the physical and mental activity that's gaining in popularity in India -- water yoga.  你可能听说过高温瑜伽和力量瑜伽,但现在有一种新的瑜伽在印度日渐流行,这就是水中瑜伽。  In the city of Agra, famed for the Taj Mahal, legions of locals perform their "asanas," or postures, in a pool, which makes them more challenging than on land, and also boosts buoyancy and flexibility.  在以泰姬陵而闻名的亚格拉城,很多当地人热衷在水池中做瑜伽,在水中做瑜伽比在陆地上做难度更大,但同时可以提高身体的浮力和灵活性。  Harish Chaturvedi, a trained lawyer, teaches the unusual form of yoga free of charge. He says water yoga can be performed for much longer than other forms, as the body does not get tired as quickly.  职业律师出身的哈里希#8226;查图尔维迪免费教授这种特别瑜伽。他说,相比于其它形式的瑜伽,在水中做瑜伽不会让身体很快感到疲劳,所以能坚持得更久。  "Everybody can learn swimming, but if they also learn yoga alongside it, they will never feel tired," he said. 他说:“每个人都能学习游泳,但如果他们在学游泳的同时学习瑜伽,那么永远也不会觉得累。”  "The level of oxygen is very high in water, and you will not have any breathing problems." “水中氧气含量很高,你不会有呼吸问题。”   Chaturvedi believes water yoga really boosts energy and helps ward off disease. He focuses on children, and runs regular classes at the swimming pool of a local sports stadium.  查图尔维迪认为水中瑜伽的确能提高体能,祛除疾病。他以孩子为主要教学对象,并在当地一家体育馆的游泳池定期授课。 /201109/152886

From the Sydney Opera House to San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge, iconic structures went dark as people switched off lights in their homes and skylines dimmed around the world on Saturday to show concern with global warming.Up to 30 million people were expected to have turned off their lights for 60 minutes by the time "Earth Hour" - which started in Suva in Fiji and Christchurch in New Zealand - completed its cycle westward.More than 380 towns and cities and 3,500 businesses in 35 countries signed up for the campaign that is in its second year after it began in 2007 in Sydney, Australia's largest city."Earth Hour shows that everyday people are prepared to pull together to find a solution to climate change. It can be done," said James Leape of WWF International, which was running the campaign.Lights at Sydney's Opera House and Harbor Bridge were dimmed as Australians held candle-lit beach parties, played poker by candlelight and floated candles down rivers.In Bangkok, some of the city's business districts, shopping malls and billboards went dark, although street lights stayed on. One major hotel invited guests to dine by candle light and reported brisk business.In Copenhagen, the Tivoli Gardens and the Royal Palace and the opera darkened for an hour, along with many street lights."In the central square a lot of people were standing looking at the stars," said Ida Thuesen, spokeswoman for WWF Denmark. "It's not often you can see the stars in a city."In a tip of its virtual hat to the event, the background of Google's home page turned to black from white on more than a dozen country sites including Google.com. Floodlights went out at landmarks in Budapest, including its castle, cathedral and parliament.In Britain, 26 town and city councils signed up to switch off nonessential lights as did several historic buildings, including Prince Charles' private residence Highgrove House, London City Hall, Winchester Cathedral and the Government Communication Headquarters radio monitoring station. The south coast town of Brighton turned off the lights on its pier.The movement crossed the Atlantic to the ed States and Canada, where the 553-metre CN Tower in Toronto and the surrounding skyline were plunged into temporary darkness.(China Daily /Agencies)Vocabulary:WWF:世界自然基金会 (World Wide Fund for Nature) /200804/34779

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