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2019年08月22日 01:05:20    日报  参与评论()人

新疆自治区中医院开双眼皮多少钱昆玉腋窝脱毛多少钱One nation overdrawn欧洲的问题不在于货币Lessons for Europe from Americarsquo;s history美国历史对今天欧洲的启示IN THE frantic race to save the euro, many Europeans have sought inspiration from the ed States, perhaps the most successful monetary union in history. Germanyrsquo;s council of economic experts has proposed a debt ;redemption pact; modelled on the American federal governmentrsquo;s assumption of state debts in 1790. To European federalists, America demonstrates that monetary union cannot survive without fiscal union. And proponents of a European lender of last resort to insulate sovereigns from liquidity crises note how America can still borrow at 2% thanks to a deep and liquid government bond market backstopped by the Federal Reserve.在拯救欧元的燃眉时刻,很多欧洲人试图从美国经验中寻找启示,因为美国的货币联盟大概是历史上最成功的了。德国的经济专家委员会最近提出的;债务救赎协议;, 就是以1790年美国联邦政府承担州政府债务的行动为范本的。在欧洲的联邦主义者看来,美国历史已经明,没有财政联盟的持,货币联盟不可能独立存在。为了避免主权基金发生流动性危机,一些人士认为,应当有一个统一的欧洲债权人作为最终保障。他们注意到,正是由于美国存在着一个由联邦储备作后盾的丰富并流动性高的公债市场,政府才能仍以2%的低利率借贷。Look more carefully, however, and the American example is more complicated. Fiscal and currency union did indeed kick-start Americarsquo;s early economic development. But fiscal and monetary frameworks were so rudimentary that they contributed little to nation-building.但仔细考察一下就可以发现,美国的经验没有人们想象的那么简单。财政联盟和货币联盟确实促进了美国初期的经济发展,但当时两者的结构仍是非常初级的,对于美国的立国过程并没有发挥太大作用。America began life as a fiscal basket-case. The federal and state governments were deeply in arrears on loans taken out to finance their war for independence from Britain; federal debt traded at 50 cents on the dollar, state debt for 20 cents or less. Alexander Hamilton, the first Treasury secretary, considered it vital to Americarsquo;s economic health to re-establish faith in the national credit. He proposed in 1790 that the federal government assume the statesrsquo; war debts and then arrange a new schedule of payments and interest to refinance all of the republicrsquo;s unpaid bills. Holders of the restructured bonds would be encouraged to exchange them for capital in a new central bank that would issue a uniform currency to unify the statesrsquo; financial systems.建国初期,美国的财政状况非常困顿。为筹措资金撑脱离英国的独立战争,联邦和州政府都承受着沉重的债务负担。联邦债券只能以面值的一半价格出售,而州政府债券只能以20%甚或更低价格出售。因此,美国第一任财长亚历山大?汉密尔顿认为,重振人们对国债的信心,对美国经济的健康发展至关重要。于是他在1790年提出,由联邦政府承担州政府的所有战争欠款,并安排新的还本付息计划,为全国所有未偿付债务进行再融资。政府鼓励新公债持有人到新的中央把手中公债兑换为现金,而中央将发行单一货币以统一各州的财政系统。Foreshadowing the rifts within Europe today, Hamiltonrsquo;s plan was deeply divisive. Virginia and other southern states that had paid off their debts resented being asked to pay taxes to bail out the others. Hamilton at one point feared for the future of the union if his plan did not pass: ;Our credit will burst and vanish; and the States separate, to take care every one of itself.;和今天欧洲内部纷争的状况类似,汉密尔顿的计划当时也是毁誉参半。弗吉尼亚和南方其它已付清债务的各州,都不愿再交税以帮助其它州还债。汉密尔顿曾担心,他的计划如果通不过,会危及联邦的命运:;我们的债务系统会崩溃以至消失,各州将分道扬镳,各顾各的。;166442新疆伊犁哈萨克自治州友谊医院激光去斑多少钱 The couple go out on deck to take in the spectacular views. There is no other place in the world where there are so many fjords as the southwest coast of Norway. And nowhere else in Europe has such an extraordinary diversity of natural formations. The sheer scale of this ancient landscape is magnificent. All visitors can do is stare in awe at the vast natural beauty. Carlo and Luss are in their camper van and are traveling along mountain roads from Geiranger. Flydalsjuvet is the perfect place for 1 to stop and take in the view. The couple continue on their journey. The Norwegians have a well developed road network, making road trips very popular with tourists. For the western Scandinavians, nature is right on their doorstep, making it easily accessible if the weather is right. Even though Norway lies very far north,the Gulf Stream of the coastal region prevents it from experiencing Arctic cold. In the summer months, 2 can reach up to 25 degrees. It's not been a warm day for Carlo and Luss,but for hiking,the weather improves. They are experiencing what all traveler love:the ability to go where they want and explore without seeing another soul.注释: ① spectacular adj. 壮观的,惊人的;公开展示的例句:1. The new play was a spectacular success. 这出新戏获得了巨大的成功。2. The goalkeeper made a spectacular dive to save the goal. 守门员做了一个精的鱼跃动作救回一球。② continue vi. 继续,延续;仍旧,连续vt. 继续说…;使…继续;使…延长例句:1. Wet weather may continue for a few more days. 多雨的天气可能还要持续好几天。2. The steel market will continue to be active. 钢材市场将会继续保持活跃。③ Gulf Stream 墨西哥湾暖流 世界大洋著名暖流。大西洋副热带总环流系统中的西部边界强流 墨西哥湾暖流。由北赤道暖流及圭亚那暖流汇聚于加勒比海和墨西哥湾后,经佛罗里达海峡流出,称佛罗里达暖流。它与东南来的安的列斯暖流汇合后称墨西哥湾暖流,沿北美大陆架北上,在美国东海岸的哈特勒斯角附近偏向东北方向流,在北纬45°的纽芬兰浅滩外缘,因受盛行西风影响而拆向东流,并在西经40°附近改称北大西洋暖流。广义的湾流系指从墨西哥湾开始,沿北美洲东岸北上,再向东横贯大西洋至欧洲西北沿岸,最后穿过挪威海进入北冰洋的暖流系统。课后题目: 学习完后,你能告诉我文章中空缺的单词吗?201110/156645#Ug^16aFiAw5@2dL4d,sgn.Xc#a]mID6He changed our lives.Steve Jobs had a vision.Like the world lost a John Lennon.He demanded perfection.He could rip into people, be tough to work for.And led a technological revolution.^|_bhc^LkR0RYluEV他改变了我们的生活!KO)_cp!r888rBa!。史蒂夫;乔布斯独具慧眼SRF.n*nYB。就像世界失去了一个约翰;列侬一样h%y,YNRb_pi#K)K*。他要求尽善尽美Yb5|~hS,cs!Jl@EF!o。他对人严厉抨击,对事一丝不苟,vv,jmru6Qd*。他领导了一个技术革命U4Gh4xPax),s。tzIya~Vn5OFfThe personal computer. A light bulb goes off. And he says, wow, I can put computers on every desktop.个人电脑x9FV1~^90bCa6。一个灯泡灭了Hk(Gc*eRh39#|。他说道,哇,我可以把电脑放在每个人的桌子上A-]5,UL(QJwV。uJAmi~y),E8B|The iPod.When they first came out, oh, my god, they are so sleek, they are so sexy.It was new and small. I had to have it.iPod当他们第一次登台的时候,他说道,我的上帝,它们多么柔滑,性感;5N1dT8|Ssk.e%CZ!W。如此时尚新潮,小巧玲珑6nekkXYb%)#fWHiA。我必须拥有它_aqsSv0bla];HeU。The iPhoneI have an iPhone, which is an extension of me and I love using it.I was able to text messages and send them.iPhone我有一部iPhone,这是我的延伸和我就是喜欢使用它BWq#Se_MlH89Ms#9ir。我能读短信,并且将它们发送出去beOhEy@E!JoMyw。Ufh(Eo6]LX6The iPadPeople didnt know they want it or need it and turns out they did.Its kind of like, well, were gonna make a portable music player. I need that.Were going to make a phone. I need that.Were going to make a toaster. I need that.iPad人们不知道他们想要或需要它,结果人们还是拥有了它cccig-patB~V-]9gl9!;。这是一种喜欢,嗯,我们要制造便携式音乐播放器@;UT5+~pRE。那是因为我需要它mv~;xeA3s-@y07k。我们需要制造电话12*XXjzkvx_。那是因为我需要它]_PiWs)hBwDlbu0eOr)0。我们要做一个烤面包机;Fe)vtM^J+rR48。那是因为我需要它rLdK7tPf-vO@r。BFpj)(e-AiGenius Steve Jobs Change the World.天才史蒂夫;乔布斯改变世界uAg6vpQBJnQLdi|O+1POL,tM2gdAD0mr_8su3g9zH]T.N(mQ^Zd201111/160665新疆激光去掉雀斑

乌鲁木齐曼托假体隆胸手术克拉玛依市opt嫩肤多少钱 Steve Jobs came off an engine in the hey day of rocknroll and he was a music junky.史蒂夫;乔布用摇滚开发着引擎,这让他变成了一个音乐怪人。He was a fantastic about Bob Dylan, about the Beatles. And I think that love for music really shaped some of his interests that, you know, so hed returned to CEO of Apple and all think about how he could revitalize the company.他对鲍勃;迪伦和甲壳虫乐队的歌异常狂热。我认为对音乐的爱真的让他受益,你知道的,所以他以首席执行官的身份回到苹果,所有人都考虑他怎样才能盘活公司。As Jobs begins his second tour at Apple in the late90s, he fuses his two life-long passions: music and computers to create a revolutionary new gadget.乔布斯在90年代末重返苹果公司,他融合两种终身的:音乐和电脑于一体创造出了一种革命性的新玩意儿。This amazing little device holds 1,000 songs. It fits right in my pocket.这个惊人的小装置可以装下1000首歌曲。刚好可以放在我的口袋里。In October, 2001, Apple launches the iPod, the rock star of all music players.2001年10月,苹果对外公布iPod,这位是所有音乐播放器的明星。This thing was not just a music player. It was a sculpture. It was something that you wanna to touch, you wanna to interact with.这不仅仅是一个音乐播放器。这是一件艺术品。你想去碰触它,想去要感受它。The latest fruit of the Apple tree immediately becomes an object of lust.苹果树最新结出的水果会立刻变成一种欲望的追求。词语解释:1. interests n. 兴趣2. fuse v. 融合201111/162343乌市沙依巴克区祛疤手术多少钱

乌鲁木齐铁路中心医院祛眼袋多少钱Arab Summit in Kuwait Offers Funds to Rebuild Gaza阿拉伯峰会为重建加沙提供资金  Top Arab leaders are meeting in Kuwait to discuss rebuilding Gaza and what to do about a stalled 2002 Arab peace initiative with Israel. The meeting, however, takes place amid deep divisions. 阿拉伯国家领导人正在科威特举行会议,讨论重建加沙的问题以及如何处理处于停滞中的2002年阿拉伯与以色列的和平倡议。这次会议是在分歧重重的气氛下召开的。It was the third gathering of Arab leaders in less than a week, and Gaza was once again the focus of debate at the Kuwait summit despite its original billing as an economic forum. 这是阿拉伯国家领导人在不到一个星期的时间内举行的第三次会晤。尽管原来把这次峰会定为经济论坛,但是,加沙问题再次成为科威特峰会的焦点。Saudi King Abdallah told fellow Arab leaders that he was declaring an end to "the recent period of quarrels" and "opening the door of unity." He added that he was pledging billion to help rebuild war-torn Gaza. 沙特阿拉伯国王阿卜杜拉对其他阿拉伯国家领导人说,他要宣布“最近一个阶段的争吵”已经结束,现在“开启团结的大门”。 他还承诺为帮助重建饱受战争蹂躏的加沙地带提供10亿美元。The monarch, however, addressed his most important words to Israel, warning Israeli leaders not to pass up the chance of peace that was offered to them by the 2002 Arab summit in Beirut because, as he put it, such offers may not last forever. 不过,在沙特国王的讲话中,最重要信息是对以色列讲的。他警告以色列领导人不要错过2002年阿拉伯贝鲁特峰会提供的和平机会,因为这样的提议不会永远存在。Israel must understand, he said, that the choice between war and peace will not be offered forever and that the Arab peace proposal that is being placed on the table today will not be on the table forever. 他说,以色列必须明白,在战争与和平之间的选择机会不会永远存在。阿拉伯国家现在摆放在这里的和平提议不会永远留在这里。Syrian President Bashar al Assad, however, did not offer an olive branch to Israel, instead calling it a "terrorist state."He said the most important thing the Arab leaders can do for Gaza is to support its right to self-defense and resistance against Israeli aggression. That aggression, he added, may resume at any moment. Mr. Assad said that since he believes Israel will not change its policies, Arabs must defend the Palestinian cause. 他说,阿拉伯领导人现在能为加沙做的最重要的事情就是持他们自卫的权利以及对以色列侵略的抵抗。他说,这种侵略随时都可能再次发生。阿萨德说,他相信以色列不会改变它的政策, 因此阿拉伯国家必须捍卫巴勒斯坦人的事业。Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak also used strong language to criticize Israel, condemning what he called its "arrogant use of force." But he also went on to urge Israeli leaders to accept the 2002 peace initiative. 埃及总统穆巴拉克也用严厉的措辞批评以色列。他谴责以色列“傲慢地使用武力”,但是他同时也敦促以色列领导人接受2002年的和平倡议。I tell Israel, he said, that the arrogance of power will not subdue the Palestinian people and will not bring peace...not all the tanks and planes in the world will bring security to the Israeli people. He also warned the world's great powers that the peace process, neglected for years, must be tackled responsibly. Peace in the Middle East, he insisted, is an urgent matter and cannot wait.  “我告诉以色列,傲慢地使用武力并不能使巴勒斯坦人民屈,也不会带来和平。不是所有的坦克和飞机都能给以色列人民带来安全。”他还告诫世界大国,和平进程被忽略了很多年,必须采取紧急和负责任的措施来处理这个问题。他坚决表示,中东地区的和平非常紧迫,刻不容缓。Israel initially rejected the Arab initiative in 2002, but in the past year has said it could be a starting point for discussion.Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, whose people were the subject and focus of the summit, called for Palestinian unity. 巴勒斯坦人是这次峰会的主要议题和焦点,巴勒斯坦民族权力机构主席阿巴斯呼吁巴勒斯坦人团结起来。Abbas insisted that what must be agreed to now is a national unity government to cope with the humanitarian catastrophe, lift the blockade, reopen border crossings, and begin rebuilding. Then, he continued, parliamentary and presidential elections should be held, preferably at the same time. 他说:“我们现在必须要达成的一个共识就是,建立统一的政府,处理人道灾难,拆除封锁,重新开设过境点,开始重建......然后,同时举行议会和总统选举。”Arab leaders later held a closed-door session and al-Jazeera TV reported King Abdallah invited the leaders of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Qatar to his private quarters to discuss their differences. 晚些时候,阿拉伯领导人还举行了一个不公开的会议。半岛电视台报导说,沙特国王阿卜杜拉邀请埃及、叙利亚、约旦以及卡塔尔领导人到他的私人住处,讨论他们之间的分歧。01/61330 Bank of England cuts ratesKevin Gyateng of Corporate FX joins CNN to discuss the mortgage crisis in the U.S. and a rate cut from the Bank of EnglandFirst to the Bush plan. Oh, it does seem that it excludes more people than it includes?That's right. I mean that if you look at who the plan's aimed at, it is really borrowers who are, seem to be solvent not more than thirty days behind payment or sixty days throughout the course of the year with regards to their payments. So I think the in(itial), the original indication that it will help about 1.2, or 1, over 1 million subprime borrowers seems to be a bit mislaid if you like. And I think if when the market digests the full implications of the plan, there may be a bit of a reassessment thanks to its reaction to it.Oh, really, so, because we did see the markets rally yesterday. So you think that was just a knee-jerk reaction that we are seeing something.You also, you always see a knee-jerk reaction. I think what the plan did suggest or does suggest is that the actual extent of the subprime fallout from foreclosures. I mean if foreclosures do accelerate through a resetting of mortgage rates. What that's likely to do is put further pressure on house prices which is good for nobody. Home builders or the consumer. So that the initial reaction is to say, hey, this is gonna actually stand that impact and it is seen as er, US positive. I think going forward, as the plan is actually further analyzed. I think the obstacle will be more evident.And here in the UK, we saw interest rates cut yesterday. Now is this also a response to the credit crisis in a way?I think more, it is, the credit crisis has backed a lot of central banks into a corner. I mean there's no doubt within the UK that we are seeing, we have seen a softening picture within the economy house prices are at falling floor three months in a row. I think that the consumer sentiment and consumer activities softened and zoomed out considerably. But I think most analysts were really expecting the Bank of England to start their interest rate cutting cycle towards the, at the start of next year. So to see the move this early does suggest that the credit market impact is, was a big factor.It's one of the reasons that perhaps brought it forward a little bit.Definitely, I mean , I think you can't discount the impact of the Northern Rock, er, fiasco. The Bank of England was, has been one of the least active in terms of providing liquidity in the face of this credit turmoil so, I think they don't want to give the impression that they weren't sensitive to what was going on in the banking sector.Now to be proactive . And of course speaking of interest rates, what's gonna happen with the FED next week.Well, I think a 25 basis point cut is being pretty priced in by the market and analysts have been, increasingly have been talking about a 50, 50 basis point cut. I think if you look at the situation in the US, we are still seeing little evidence from the actual real economy to justify rate cuts. All of these responses are definitely related to the credit market and what's happening within the financial sector. I think if we see a 25 basis point cut from the dollar's point of view because it has been pretty priced in. I don't see that as a dollar negative mood whereas if we do see a 50 basis point cut next week, that could lend a bit of pressure against the dollar.Notes:Fiasco: A complete failureKnee-jerk reaction: an automatic response02/62180新疆职业病医院做红色胎记手术多少钱博乐市隆下巴多少钱

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