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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年07月23日 14:02:19
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TED演讲视频:社会进步指数可以告诉我们什么GDP这个词经常挂在人们口中,好像他们是上帝掷给我们的石子一样。但是这个概念却是由一位经济学家在1920年代提出来的。我们需要的是更加有效的衡量工具,来应对21世纪的需求,迈克尔·格林说道。他用充满魅力和智慧的方式,给我们展示了如何通过三个真正有用的维度来衡量社会。还揭示,当我们使用它的时候,国家的排序会发生戏剧性的变化。201705/507484Its hard to imagine that this data can exert such很难想象 这些数据竟有可能a level of potential control over us如此掌控我们but looking for the patterns in the data这些数据中潜藏的模式can give anyone analysing it huge power.将会给任何分析它的人带来巨大力量Whats become increasingly understood人们开始逐渐意识到is how much is revealed by meta-data,有多少信息的泄露是通过元数据by the information about who is sending messages通过发送信息的人and how often theyre sending them to each other.以及发送频率This reveals information about our social networks,这会泄露我们社交网络的信息it can reveal information about the places还会泄露that we go on a day-to-day basis.我们每天的出行信息All this meta-data stacks up所有这些元数据叠加起来to allow a very detailed view into our lives可以窥探到我们生活中的细节and increasingly what we find is that并且我们渐渐发现these patterns of communication can even be used这些通讯模式可以被用来in a predictive sense to determine factors about our lives.预测决定我们生活的因素And what some people fear有人担忧is what the sp of this analysis could lead to.如果这些分析数据被传播会发生什么Ultimately the concern of this is that, in a dystopian scenario,终极问题是 在这样反乌托邦的情形下you have a situation where every facet of your life is something你生活的方方面面都被公开that is open to analysis by whoever has access to the data.任何能接触到你数据的人都能对你进行分析重点解释:1.control over 控制例句:The horse was frightened but the rider soon got control over it.那匹马受了惊,但骑师很快就把它控制住。2.stack up 堆积例句:How much do all these figures stack up to?这些数字的总和是多少?3.lead to 导致例句:Too much work and too little rest often lead to illness.过量的工作和过少的休息会引起疾病。201701/486507

Phil Currie seemed to have proved his case. But he hadnt.Philip Currie似乎已经明了他的理论。不,还没有Although he was convinced, his fellow paleontologists still werent sure.虽然他自己深信不疑,他的同僚对此却不敢确信If we just found one site with large predatory dinosaurs,如果只是找到一个地方,有许多大型掠食恐龙found as a group with multiple individuals of different age sizes was buried together, that could be a fluke, could be a chance.找到一群大大小小的恐龙被埋在一起,这可能只是侥幸,或者说是巧合The evidence right now is a little bit equivocal. Its not definite. Its a little circumstantial.当前的据仍然有些令人怀疑。它不是很明确的据,可能只是偶然情况Despite all his efforts, Curries case was not yet proven.虽然Currie付出了很多努力,他的观点仍然没有得到实He now needed a second site to convince his colleagues that the first dig wasnt a fluke,他现在需要找到第二个地点,使他的同僚们相信第一个挖掘点并非偶然that large meat-eating dinosaurs really were pack hunters.以及大型食肉恐龙真的是集体狩猎者And then he got some unexpected news.后来,他得到了一个意外的消息Patagonia, the land which had harbored the bones of Argentinosaurus and Giganotosaurus, had yielded one further treasure.巴塔哥尼亚不仅埋藏着阿根廷龙和南方巨兽龙的骨骼化石,还将展示更惊人的秘密Phil Curries colleague, Rodolfo Coria, had made a new discovery.Philip Currie的同事Rodolfo Coria有了一项新的发现We came here by first time because a local farmer called us because of some fossils that he had found.我们到这里是因为一位当地农民给我们打了电话说他找到了一些化石And we were very lucky, because looking in the slope of this hill, we found this bone.我们很幸运,因为当我们在这个山坡上搜索时,我们找到了这块骨骼201612/485194

For any wrestler, a record of 33 wins and only 5 defeats is pretty impressive.对于摔跤选手而言,33赢5输的记录已让人叹。But it is totally incredible if youre only 7 years old.但对于仅有7岁的她而言,这显然是不可思议的。Brace yourselves, America.朋友们,请做好准备迎接她的登场。From OFallon, Illinois, heres wrestling champ Angelina!欢迎来自伊利诺伊奥法伦市的摔跤冠军安吉丽娜!Hi, everybody!大家好!Angelina, hello. Hello. How are you? Good.你好,安吉丽娜。你好。你好吗?很好。Are you really a wrestling champ? Yes, I am.你真的是摔跤冠军吗?是的。33 wins? Yes.你赢得了33场胜利?是的。You wrestle all girls? Mostly all boys.你和女孩摔跤吗?大多数是男孩。How do the boys act when you beat them? They cry.他们输了以后有什么反应?他们会掉眼泪。How in the world did you get into wrestling?你怎么开始玩摔跤的?Cause my brothers wrestle.因为我的哥哥们摔跤。How old are your brothers? 9 and 10. Oh. Theyre right there.他们多大了?一个9岁,一个10岁。哦。他们在哪里。Hey, 9 and 10-year-old brothers right there.你们好,两位哥哥们。Cant beat your brothers wrestling, though, huh?我想你没法打败他们,对吧。I can beat them. You can beat them.我能打败他们。你能打败他们。Aint no doubt about it. Cause look at these.毫无疑问。你看我这个。When youre wrestling, do you think you can take anybody down? Yes.你在摔跤时,你觉得你能打败所有人吗?是的。Like up to how old? 30.你觉得你能打败什么年龄的人?30岁的人。Whew. Okay, good.妈呀,这很棒。Do you know how old I am? Mm, 60? Nailed it.你知道我多大了?60岁?答对了。Okay, like, you guessed, like, 60 right off the bat, which kind of hurt me a little bit.你什么都没想就猜我60岁,其实我真的是有点受伤。Some people have said I look like Im in my late 40s. Yeah, but you look 60.有人说我长得像四十八九岁。但你真长得像60的。You cant believe everything people tell you, Mr. Harvey.哈维,别人说的什么别都信以为真。They mightve told you you looked 40-something, but you look 60.他们会说你长得像40多岁的,但其实你长得像60的。Whats your style of wrestling? Oh. Okay.你摔跤时什么样?好吧。Scared me for a minute. I didnt...吓死我了。我真的...Do you have like, some...some moves that you do like, you got favorite moves?你摔跤时会有什么招式,比如说一些你喜欢做的招式?Gator roll, double-leg takedown, and cow catcher.鳄鱼滚、双腿抱摔还有捕牛手。Have you written a poem about wrestling or something?你为摔跤写过诗吗?I do have a song.我写过一首歌。Can I hear it? Yes.能唱两句吗?可以。Oh. Oh, you gonna stand up? Oh, okay.你要起来吗?好的。My name is Angelina我叫安吉丽娜。They call me Little A他们叫我小A。But when Im on the mat但当我走上摔跤场。They know I do not play他们才认识到真正的我。201706/514457

  Im below the tree line now.But ahead, the whole mountainside has fallen away.我已经下到树木线以下了 但是前面整个山腰都被冲走了What will happen,you get avalanche moving through.如果这里发生雪崩的话It just takes the edge of all of the earth away.雪会带走悬崖边的泥土You get caught in that,its just gonna run away with you.如果你被卷入其中 你就会和它们一起被冲下去I want to try and just get down here quite sharp, actually.我要试试 从这里直接下去Quite nice and soft, this mud.Get my heels well dug into this.这地儿还比较软 能够让我的脚跟稳稳的顶住I guess Ill be bringing down a load of rocks.我估计我会带下去一堆石头Really, Im better off trying to zigzag across so I dont get caught in the path of the.我最好还是走;之;字型 这样我就不会被困在半路上Thats the technique, anyway.总之这是个有用的技巧Thing is, if you start to go and then cant control it,all the techniques in the world is no good.事实上只要你迈出第一步 就由不得你了 世界上所有技巧都不管用Its then down to instinct.If in doubt, get down on your backside.Okay. Down.Muddy, but down.完全是靠本能 如果害怕你可以坐在地上滑下来 好了 下来了 狼狈不堪 不过总算下来了Nature is always gonna throw obstacles in your path.大自然总会给你前进的路上设置各种障碍How you get through them is down to you.怎么克这些障碍就取决于你自己了But remember, you dont win prizes for style.不过要记住 姿势帅可没额外奖励Nice and steady here. Stay in tight to the face.这的石头很稳 尽量把脸贴在峭壁上201704/504659

  The most ambitious map in history史上最宏伟的星图is taking shape before our eyes.将在我们眼前展开And scientists are heading for the edge.科学家正驶向宇宙的尽头It may be the strangest map youll ever see.这可能是你见过的最神奇的星图And its bigger than you can believe.大到超乎想象Its a map of the entire universe.它描绘了整个宇宙Theres this whole pattern to the universe我们准备绘制出were starting to map out.宇宙的完整形态Seeing it really brought home这张星图能让我们the way the universe actually behaved,更加了解宇宙运行的规律in a way that all the numbers and equations never quite could.这是任何数字和方程都无法做到的Cosmologists are making sense of startling discoveries.宇宙学家正在解读这些惊人的发现Medieval maps would say, ;Here be monsters.;中世纪地图将未知地域看作怪物出没地带They werent entirely wrong.他们不完全是错的Theyre even building pictures宇宙学家甚至准备绘制出of the invisible.肉眼无法观测到的部分重点解释:1.map out 详细制定; 筹划例句:We spent weeks mapping out our holiday.我们花了好几个星期筹划如何度假。2.make sense of 了解 ... 的意义例句:Can you make sense of what I say?你能领会我说的意思吗?3.in a way 在某种程度上例句:In a way good service sells our products.良好的售后务在某种程度上促进了我们产品的销路。201705/510140。

  For the price of peace would doubtless include the relegitimising of Lady Mary,and to this Anne would never agree.为实现和平 无疑要恢复玛丽的合法继承人身份 但安妮却决不会同意Therefore, so Cromwell reasoned, Anne must go.克伦威尔为此 必须除掉安妮On the 29th of January, Anne miscarried.Had the baby lived, it would have been a boy.1月29日 安妮流产了 这个孩子 本是个男孩The disaster seems to have reawakened Henrys darkest fears.厄运再次唤起了亨利心灵最深处的恐惧I see now that God will never give me a male heir,He told Anne.上帝不会再赐予我男性继承人了; 他对安妮说To one of his intimates he hinted that Anne had seduced him through witchcraft.他曾对一位至交 暗示安妮运用巫术勾引他Anne was defenceless.Cromwell moved against her with breathtaking speed and ferocity.安妮孤立无援 而克伦威尔却凶残而疾速地紧逼而来From the decision to act,taken around Easter time 1536,to the first arrests, took just two weeks.Anne was doomed.仅在1536年复活节期间 便完成了决定到行动的全过程 在安妮被捕后仅两周 便死于非命What Cromwell now cooked up was a thing of pure devilry,这次克伦威尔捏造出的罪行 十恶不赦a finely measured brew,one part paranoia, one part pornography.精心设计 利用某人的多疑妄想 掺杂进些许情色Moments of dalliance,nothing really untoward in a Renaissance court.嬉戏调情 在文艺复兴时期的宫廷 并非难事A handkerchief dropped at a May Day tilt,not belonging to the king.A dance taken with a young man, also not the king.五朔节的宴会上 将手帕遗落他人手中 而非国王 与年轻的男子翩翩起舞 亦非国王A blown kiss, a giggle.all these were twisted by Cromwell into a carnival of unholy, traitorous sex.一个飞吻 一回调情讪笑 这一切都被克伦威尔歪曲成 不洁的狂欢 不忠的性爱The Queen, it seems, had had sex with just about everyone.王后看起来已是人尽可夫Shed had sex with her court musician,shed had sex with the Groom of the Stool,the most important courtier in the privy chamber.和每个宫廷乐师有染 勾引国王的近侍男仆 王宫中最重要的朝臣Shed had sex with the kings tennis partner, presumably between sets.和国王的网球搭档在场间休息时偷情Shed even had sex with her own brother.甚至与自己的同胞兄弟发生关系She had presided like some possessed Messalina over this diabolical orgy of treason,她就像像梅萨利纳附身一样 进行着疯狂不忠的纵欲even perhaps conspiring to pass off the poisoned fruit of all this copulation as the royal heir.甚至还图谋 将这些淫乱的恶果 滥竽充数 作为皇家继承人 /201701/487319

  TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201608/457807Its a story repeated through the ages.古往今来 这样的故事重复不断地上演Colonial forces attack native populations and plunder the planets riches.殖民势力欺压当地居民 掠夺世界财富Atrocities committed far from prying eyes.神不知鬼不觉 他们犯下累累暴行Harris wants to change that.哈里斯想要改变那样的状况Shell tell the world what is happening in the Congo,她要告诉全世界在刚果上演的一切That children are routinely maimed As a warning to villagers.每天都有小孩遭迫害致残 他们以此来恐吓村民Her weapon: the camera.她的武器是一台照相机For the first time, mankind can capture images of our world,那是人类首次捕捉到我们这个世界的影像Reproduce and share them.将它们重现 并与世界分享The first cameras weighed 110 pounds.第一台照相机重110磅By 1900, theyre smaller, portable,and in the hands of two million amateurs.到了1900年 相机变得小巧便携 有两百万业余爱好者有相机The invention of photography and the means to get them in front of people,摄影的发明 以及把照片呈现在众人眼前held more power than its inventors ever dreamed.它们所带来的影响远超乎创造者的想象Photos dont blink and they dont go away.照片不会说谎 也不会消失Once youve seen that image, you cant rewind.一旦你看过那些画面 你将难以忘却201605/443038Most people cant think big. This is how the majority of my friends who went to college thought,大多数人都没有野心。我大部分上大学的朋友就是这么想的,;I hope I can get a decent job when I graduate.; Like not even a good job, just a decent job.“毕业后我想找份体面的工作。”甚至不是一份好工作,仅仅是一份体面的工作。That was their biggest plan for their life. Finding a decent job.找一份体面的工作就是他们最大的人生规划。。I also had very few other friends who said, ;Im going to start a business and become a millionaire by my mid-twenties.;也有少数其他朋友说,“我打算在25岁左右的时候创业成为百万富翁。”And theyre actually on track to accomplishing that.并且他们也在朝着既定的目标前进。Now heres the thing... The biggest problem is that most people cant even think big.是这样的…最大的问题是大多数人都没有那么大的野心。And I always make sure to point out that yes, this is just the first step.我想指出的是,是的,这仅仅是第一步。There are so many other things you need to do to be successful after youre able to think big,有了大胆的想法之后,想要取得成功还有很多其他的事情需要做。otherwise that is whats called being delusional. But...否则那些想法就只能是妄想。但是…if you cant even do the first step right, there is no hope.如果你连第一步都迈不出去,那就一点希望都没有。If your biggest vision for yourself is to find a decent job just like it is for most people,如果你最大的愿望是像大多数人一样找份体面的工作,you cant expect anything great to happen.就不要期望发生什么大事。Its like setting up your finish line a hundred meters from you every time you run.就好像每次起跑都把终点设在一百米开外。No, youre not going to be a great marathon runner if a hundred meters is what youre aiming at.不,如果你的目标是一百米那你不可能成为一个优秀的马拉松运动员。And yes, there are 20 other steps ahead of you, youre going to have to work hard, youre going to have to work smart,是的,还有其他二十几步要走,你在工作上要努力,要机智,but nothings going to help you when your finish line is constantly set at 100 meters.但如果你的终点永远是100米的话,那什么也帮不了你。Value yourself. Believe in yourself. I know that sounds kind of cliche, but heres the thing...珍视自己。相信自己。我知道这听上去有点老套,但就是这样…Most people I know cant even believe that one day they could be making millions.我认识的大多数人都不相信他们有一天会成为百万富翁。They cant even entertain that thought for a second.他们甚至连想都不想。Most guys I know dont think that they actually deserve that beautiful girl.我认识的很多人都认为他们配不上那个漂亮的女孩。Most people I know dont actually think that they deserve to be around successful people.他们都认为自己不值得与成功人士为伍。And heres the thing... Youre putting a very low price tag on yourself, and guess what?是这样的…你给自己标价很低,猜猜会怎样?You cant expect people around you to put a higher price tag on you.你就别指望周围的人会把你的身价提上去。If you dont even like yourself, how can you expect others to like you?如果你都不喜欢自己,怎么指望别人喜欢你呢?If you want me to be your business partner and you dont even believe that you could make millions,如果你想让我成为你的生意伙伴,但你自己都没有信心能赚好几百万,why am I going to even consider working with you?那我为什么要考虑和你合作呢?If Im a girl, and you dont even think that you deserve me, why should I think that you deserve me?如果我是一女生,你自己都认为配不上我,我为什么还要认为你配的上我呢?No ones ever going to value you or believe in you if you cant even value and believe in yourself.如果你自己都不重视和相信自己,别人更不会重视你,也不会相信你。There is a lot of truth to what Henry Ford was saying,亨利·福特说的很有道理,the man who thinks he can and the man who thinks he cant are both right.认为自己能与不能都是正确的。And finally, excusitis. I remember I was a little kid and I was talking to one of my uncles or something最后一点,借口。我记得小时候和一个叔叔谈话,and he was telling me how much he knew about success or whatever so i asked him,他告诉我他很了解很多关于成功等诸如此类的事,我就问他,;Well, if you know all about success, how come youre not successful?;“呃,你知道那么多,为什么你没成功呢?”And his kids were running around near by, and he pointed at them and he said, ;Thats why.;他的孩子们跑过来了,他指着孩子们说,“这就是为什么。”And even as a little kid that made me nauseous. But thats what everyone does. Excuse on top of excuse.即使那时还小,我仍然对他的回答感到很反感。但是每个人都会那么做。为自己找台阶下。Dont be that person. Youll be the only one feeling sorry for yourself,不要成为那种人。即使周围的人都给你灌输你是受害者的这种心态,even if people around you are encouraging your victim mindset.你也要知道对不起自己的只有你自己,而不是别人。So start thinking big, and realize that thats just the first step. Start researching the 20 other steps.所以开始大胆的想法,要知道那只是第一步。开始研究其他20几步。Start believing in yourself, and realize that if you cant even do that yourself you cant expect others to believe in you.开始相信自己,并认识到如果自己都不能相信自己,就不要指望别人会相信你。And finally, dont make excuses. If you dont make it to where you want to be,最后,不要找借口。如果你没有达到预期,it is because of the decisions that you have made.那是因为你做的决定。Dont be the guy pointing at his kids as an excuse.不要拿孩子说事。There are plenty of guys out there with more kids than you and worse circumstances than you有很多孩子比你多情况比你糟的人,who still figured out a way to crush it.他们都有办法来摆脱这种阻碍。201707/517118

  Eager to do Gods work,Richard vanished to the holy land.急于履行上帝使命的查理 开始向圣地进行十字军东征John immediately set himself up as a rival,creating a virtual state within a state,约翰便立刻开始与他对着干 他在朝中建起了国中国complete with his own court and mercenary army.成立自己的宫廷 并召集了雇佣军In 1192, when news arrived of Richards capture on his way back from the crusade,1192年 消息传来 理查在归程途中被俘John quickly declared his brother dead and himself king.约翰立刻宣布理查已死 并自立为王Eleanor was torn to pieces by this fratricidal struggle.目睹手足相残 令埃莉诺心碎不已Shed been bred to do what Angevins do best,to preside over goverment,to manipulate politics.一直以来 她都为安茹王朝鞠躬尽瘁 辅佐朝政 运筹帷幄 无所不能Now she was paralysed by the tragedy of her own family.而现在 她却被家人间的悲剧吓得手足无措In desperation, she turned to the holy father,to whom she wrote an extraordinary letter.绝望之下 她只得向罗马教皇求助 她寄给对方一封非同一般的信I, Eleanor,queen of England, unhappy mother,pitied by no one, have arrived at this miserable old age.我 埃莉诺 英格兰王后 不幸的母亲 却无人同情 已至悲惨暮年Two sons lie in dust and their unhappy mother is tortured by their memory.两个儿子在六尺之下 而他们悲伤的母亲 终日为此黯然神伤King Richard is in irons.His brother John ravages the kingdom with fire and sword.理查国王成了阶下囚 他的弟弟约翰 想挑起战争 陷国家于水火I know not which side to take.我不知该站在哪边If I leave England, I abandon the kingdom of my son John,torn by civil war.若我离开英格兰 便是任由约翰 将这个王国 毁于内战之苦If I stay, I may never see the dearly beloved face of my son Richard again.如果我留下来 那我也许就再也 无法见到我的挚爱之子 理查 /201609/468896Wild pandas living in the mountains of China are getting a lot of extra room to play thanks to a massive new animal preserve.生活在中国山区的大熊猫有更多的空间玩耍了,这得益于大规模的新动物保护计划。The Chinese government is carving out a designated area over 10,000 square miles — thats about the size of Massachusetts. It will merge dozens of smaller wildlife areas into one huge panda-protecting Pangaea. 中国政府正在划定一个超过10,000平方英里的指定区域,面积约为马萨诸塞州的面积。它将几十个较小的野生动物区合并成一个大的大熊猫保护区。Human activity and climate change force pandas from their natural habitats and threaten their food supply. Estimates say there are fewer than 2,000 left in the wild in China.人类活动和气候变化迫使熊猫离开它们的自然栖息地,威胁它们的食物供应。据估计中国野生熊猫的数量少于2,000只。China has really stepped up its wildlife conservation efforts lately — and not just to protect pandas. The country is cracking down on poachers and phasing out its ivory trade. 中国确实加强了野生动物保护,不仅仅是保护大熊猫。中国正在打击偷猎者,逐步取消象牙贸易。And pandas arent the only wildlife benefiting from this new space. About 8,000 other endangered animal and plant species will get protection within the parks boundaries.熊猫并不是唯一从这个新空间受益的野生动物。约8,000种其它濒危动物和植物将在公园界限内得到保护。One panda researcher said, ;It will be a haven for biodiversity and provide protection for the whole ecological system.;一位熊猫研究员说:“它将成为生物多样性的庇护所,为整个生态系统提供保护。”But the animals space is coming at the expense of a lot of humans. An estimated 170,000 people in the Sichuan province will have to move to make room for the preserve.但是为动物提供空间是以牺牲人类住所为代价的。估计四川有170,000人不得不搬移以为保护腾出空间。译文属。201704/501821

  原味人文风情:Hi! And welcome to Like A Native Speaker. Today, youre gonna learn about different ways to respond to ;thank you; and the reasons why theyre different.嗨!欢迎收看《和母语人士一样》。今天,你会学到各种回应「谢谢」的方式,以及这些回答方式为什么不同。So, as many of you know, I am Canadian. And this week in Canada is actually Thanksgiving, which, for me, basically means turkey and pumpkin pie, but it got me thinking about gratitude and thanking people. A common question Ive had is actually how to respond when someone thanks you. Of course, theres the standard response that everybody knows of: ;youre welcome; or other variations—;youre most welcome,; ;youre very welcome,; things like that.那么,如你们许多人所知,我是加拿大人。而这星期在加拿大其实是感恩节,感恩节对我来说基本上就是火鸡和南瓜派,不过这让我想到感激之情和感谢别人。我常遇到的问题其实是别人向你道谢时该如何回应。当然,有所有人都知道的标准回答:「youre welcome(不客气)」或其它变化--「youre most welcome」、「youre very welcome」之类的。Hey, you left your lights on.嘿,妳忘了关大灯。Oh, thanks!噢,谢啦!Youre welcome.不客气。But whats less known are two other ways to respond to ;thank you.; Now, before we talk about those two other ways, I really need to talk about the culture and the social structure of ;thank you.; I think in most, if not all languages, saying ;thank you; puts the person receiving the thanks in a higher position than you or the person giving the thanks. Using ;youre welcome; is a way of recognizing and acknowledging that difference in position, that the person receiving thanks deserves thanks. And this is why ;youre welcome; is whats taught in schools and in beginner textbooks all over the world. Its the basic response, but youre here because you want to sound more natural.不过较少人知道的是其它两种回应「谢谢」的方式。现在,在我们讲到那其它两种方式之前,我真的得先聊聊「谢谢」的文化和社会结构。我想就算不是所有语言,在大多数语言中,说「谢谢」会让收到感谢的人比起你或说谢谢的人处在较高的地位上。用「youre welcome(不客气)」是一种接受并认同那种地位上的不同的说法,认同接受感谢的那人应被感激。而这就是为什么「youre welcome(不客气)」是全世界学校和初阶课本里教的内容。这是基本回答,不过你来这是因为你想要听起来更自然一些。Most English-speaking countries, especially Canada and America, are something called ;egalitarian societies,; basically meaning that the people want to be equal or as equal as possible, and this why youll rarely hear ;youre welcome; as a response to ;thank you.; Its because that social difference is actually something we dont want. Most people in English-speaking countries want to be seen as equal or together, so we use different expressions. For example, ;no problem,; ;no sweat,; ;its all good.;多数英语系国家,尤其是加拿大和美国,是种称为「平等社会」的国家,基本上就意味着人们想要平等或尽可能平等,这就是为什么你很少会听到「youre welcome(不客气)」作为「谢谢」的回答。这是因为社会差异其实是一件我们不愿有的事情。大多在英语系国家的人想被视为平等或一起的,所以我们会用不同说法。举例来说,「no problem(没什么)」、「no sweat(小事一件)」、「its all good(没事)」。Can you pass me that knife?妳可以把刀传给我吗?Sure.好的。Thank you.谢谢。No prob.没什么。We have many of these expressions depending on the country or even on the individual person thats doing it, but these are much more common in response to ;thank you,; because it makes that social status equal. So, because of this, expressions like ;no problem; are actually much more common or normal than ;youre welcome.; ;Youre welcome; is most often used in situations where the favor or action taken was very large, and it would be strange to ignore that difference. This is also why ;youre welcome; is often used with strangers as we tend to be a lot more polite with strangers than with people we know.视国家或甚至做的人而定,我们有很多这种回应方法,不过这些是回答「谢谢」更为常见的方式,因为这让社会地位平等。因为这样,像「no problem(没什么)」这种说法其实比「youre welcome(不客气)」更普遍或平常。「Youre welcome(不客气)」最常用在那个忙或需要做的事很重大的情况下,而忽视那种差异会很奇怪。这也是为什么「youre welcome(不客气)」常被用来对陌生人说,因为我们对陌生人往往比对认识的人要有礼貌许多。So that was two of the different ways to respond to ;thank you.; Now, the third is actually to respond in kind with...;thank you.;那么那是其中两种回应「谢谢」的方式。现在,第三种其实是以同样的方式回应...也就是「thank you(谢谢)」。Heres your boots.这是妳的靴子。Thank you!谢谢!And your receipt. Thank you very much.还有妳的收据。十分感谢。Thank you!谢谢!This situation is also very common when both parties have received some kind of benefit. They can both say ;thank you.;这个情况在双方都获得某种好处时也非常常见。两个人都可以说「thank you(谢谢)」。So, ;thank you; can be responded to in three ways. Theres ;youre welcome,; which is most often used with strangers or in situations where the action is very big. Theres ;no problem; or expressions like it, which is used in most situations to try to make people equal again. And then theres also responding with ;thank you,; when both people have received benefit.那么,「谢谢」可以被以三种方式回应。有「youre welcome(不客气)」,最常被用在回应陌生人或在帮的忙很大的情况下。有「no problem(没什么)」或类似说法,大多情况会这样回答来试着恢复人的平等关系。然后还有用「thank you(谢谢)」来回答的方式,是在双方都获得好处的时候。Because its Thanksgiving time in Canada, most people look back on their lives in the previous year and think about what they are thankful for, what they appreciate. And I am incredibly thankful to all of you who continue to watch my s, comment, and like. Its because of you that I can do this, and I do this for you. So I want to tell all of you, ;Thank you.; I also want to ask you what you are thankful for this year. What do you appreciate this year? Please write it in the comments. And as always, guys, I will see you next time.因为现在在加拿大是感恩节时分,多数人会回顾过去一年的生活并想想他们感激的事物、他们感谢的东西。而我非常感激所有一直观看我的影片、留言和按赞的你们。正是因为你们我才可以做这件事,而我是为了你们而做的。所以我想告诉你们所有人:「谢谢你。」我还要问你们你今年感激的事物。你们今年感谢什么东西?请在留言区写下来。然后老样子啦大家,我们下回见。201707/516192

  栏目简介:《趣味青春英语视频》是外语网络电台的精品节目,通过大讲堂的网络课堂形式,能够帮助英语学习者积累一些英语背景知识,并通过互动的教学形式,帮助有效记忆英语知识。本栏目是学习趣味青春英语的好材料。201606/431415。

  Last year, I got a chance to watch the new ;Star Wars; movie, which was fantastic, but one thing kept bugging me.去年我有一次去看了全新的《星球大战》电影,这部电影很棒,但是有件事一直让我很困惑。I dont know if you noticed this or not.我不知道你们有没有注意到。In this entirely technically advanced world, I did not see a single AED anywhere,在那个技术极其先进的世界,我竟然找不到一台AED,which was totally shocking -- almost as shocking as not knowing what an AED is, which you guys do know.这让我非常震惊--差不多和一个人不知道AED到底是什么同样震惊,我相信你们都知道的。But for those at home, an AED is an automated external defibrillator.但对于那些不知道的人,AED是自动体外心脏除颤器。Its the device you use when your heart goes into cardiac arrest to shock it back into a normal rhythm,你在心脏骤停时就会用这台仪器,去电击心脏使其恢复正常起搏,or, as one of the guys I was teaching a class to referred to it as: ;The shocky-hearty-box thing.;或者,用我其中一个学生的话说就是:“那个电电心脏的盒子啥的。”But I really cant blame the Empire, since health and safety regulations arent really their first order of business.但我真的没法怪罪帝国,因为健康和安全规章也不是他们最重要的事情。Though, even if we -- I think worse than not having an AED would be if there was one there,虽然,如果我们……我觉得比没有AED更糟糕的是,的确有一台AED,but just, no one knew where to find it.却没有人知道它放在哪里。These devices can drastically increase your chance of survival -- almost like a tauntaun on Hoth.这些设备可以极大提升人们存活的几率,就好像咚咚兽对于霍斯星人一样。But Im pretty sure that stormtrooper is going to be toast, regardless if we have an AED or not,但我十分确信帝国冲锋队会死得很惨,无论我们手头是否有AED,since what happens is the chest plate is going to be quite hard to get off,因为他们的胸甲太难取下来了,and like that tauntaun, the AED has a very short window of time at which its highly effective.而就像咚咚兽一样,AED最高效的工作时间范围非常窄。In this case -- basically, weve got to use it within the first 10 minutes.对于这种情况,我们必须在心脏骤停10分钟内使用。The Jedi, on the other hand, have no problems with their outfits.而绝地武士又不同,他们的着装完全不会影响。Those robes open straight up, you can place the pads right onto the chest那些袍子直接就打开了,你可以把电极板直接摁到胸口上,so upper-right-hand side of the chest, lower left,分别放在胸口右上侧,还有左下侧,wait for the unit to determine if its a shockable rhythm and get y to shock.等到AED自动判定心律是否适合电击,然后就自己放电了。But, the Jedi do have a problem. They have a head appendage issue.但是绝地武士的确有个问题,就是他们头上长着的触角。And so I can be totally clear, thinking Im y to go,假如我都准备好给他电击了,but Im accidentally touching a tentacle and inadvertently shocking myself.但自己不小心碰到了他的触角,结果很不幸地把我自己电死了。So before you hit that button, make sure you are clear and everyone else is clear.所以在你按下电击按钮前,务必保自己安全,其他人也安全。Going back to that stormtrooper: If I did get that chest plate off in time,回到帝国冲锋队的话题,假如我把胸甲及时取下来了,what would you do if you suddenly found there was a Wookiee under there, or possibly two Ewoks?假如你突然发现是个伍基人,你会怎么办?或者是两个伊沃克人?Well, lucky for us, in the kit theres actually a razor,那么很幸运的是,AED套件里有剃须刀,and we can use that to shave the chest on the upper right-hand side and the lower left.能够把胸口右上方的毛发剃掉,左下方也一样。Wookiees also have another problem. They have an accessory issue.伍基人还有一个问题,他们身上会佩戴其他东西。What we want to do is remove these我们一定要把这些摘掉,anything between the two pads we want to remove, since it can cause something called ;arcing.;任何挡在两个电极板间的东西都要取下来,因为它可以造成一种叫“电弧放电”的现象。For those who dont know what arcing is, do you remember the Emperor,对于那些不知道电弧放电的人,你们大概记得西斯皇帝when he shoots electricity out the ends of his fingers -- that would be kind of like arcing.可以从手指尖放电--那大概跟电弧放电差不多了。Another thing that -- Oh! By the way, he creates that by wearing wool socks under his robes.另外一件事--哦!顺便提一句,他能这么做是因为穿了羊毛袜子。We can also get arcing if we have an extremely wet chest.如果胸口太潮湿的话也会引起电弧放电。The electricity travels across the surface instead of through the heart.电流通过皮肤表面传导而非经过心脏。We can correct this with the immortal words of Douglas Adams: ;Dont panic,;我们可以引用道格拉斯·亚当斯的不朽名言予以修正:“不要恐慌。”which most of us have done today -- and also always having a towel. So, good words to go by.我相信大家都会照做的--然后赶紧去找一条毛巾。这些都是警世良言啊。The metal bikini -- unfortunately, this is where panic sets in -- like the modern bra,不幸的是--这个金属的比基尼,却让我们感到很恐慌,就像现代的胸罩一样,we have to make sure we remove, because this can cause severe arcing along with burns.我们一定要把它取下来,因为它会造成强烈的电弧还有灼伤现象。But unfortunately this opens up an issue thats almost as controversial as talking about the prequels.但是这又引来一个棘手的问题,几乎跟讨论星战前传一样棘手。The mere mention of the word ;nipples,; and people get into a little bit of a tizzy.只需提到“乳头”这一个词,大家就开始感到很紧张。By the way, that is not a nipple, thats a cupcake.顺带提一下,这不是乳头,这只是个纸杯蛋糕。Chances are, if you do have to use this, this is going to be on someone you know.比较现实的情况是,假如你要用AED,也应该是用在你认识的人身上。And remember, everyone has nipples, except for Jabba.一定记得,每个人都有乳头,除了贾巴。But he does love cupcakes. Speaking about Jabba, if we do have to use an AED on him,但是他却很喜欢纸杯蛋糕。提到贾巴,如果我们要对他用AED,remember pad placement is the same, even though he doesnt have nipples.放置电极板的位置是一样的,即使他的确没有乳头。So its going to be upper right-hand side, lower left.所以是胸口右上方、左下方。If we were going through, were shocking, getting y to go -- after weve done the shock,之后我们准备好了,我们可以开始电击了--在电击完了之后,one of the things we need to do is remember to do compression.我们记得要做的一件事是心脏按压。The preferred method is 30 compressions and two breaths in the center of the chest,最好的方式是按压30次,之后人工呼吸2次,位置在胸口中心,between the nipples, pressing down at least two inches, no more than two and a half,乳头之间,向下按压至少5厘米,不要超过6.5厘米左右,at a rate of at least 100 beats a minute, no more than 120.频率至少每分钟100次,不要超过120次。Unfortunately, due to the size of Jabbas mouth and also what he puts in said mouth,但又有个问题,鉴于贾巴的嘴尺寸太大,而且他在嘴里塞的各种东西,we may not want to actually do the mouth-to-mouth part.我们可能不太想做嘴对嘴呼吸那部分。So instead, we can do compression-only CPR.那么我们就可以做只有心脏按压的复苏。The way of remembering the compression-only part is we can actually use the Imperial March.大家要记得这种只用按压的步骤,因为我们可以直接用帝国进行曲。I would sing it for you -- Unfortunately, that would be more something an interrogation droid would do.我可以唱给你们听--但可惜的是,这种事情还是交给审讯机器人去做吧。Yoda. Small little guy, like a baby. What we do is basically treat him like a baby,聊聊尤达。这个小个子,跟小孩儿一样。我们某种程度把他当成一个小孩儿,in the sense that were going to place one pad in the center of the chest and one in the back.其实意味着我们把一个电极板放在他胸口中心,另一个放在背后。If we place them both in the front, they can be too close and cause severe arcing, so we want to avoid that.假如我们把它们都放在胸前,它们因为靠的太近,会引发强烈的电弧,所以我们要尽量避免。Hopefully, this helped to clarify and put some light on some of the darker issues希望我的讲解能够帮助大家理解、解决了一些比较禁忌的问题、of using an AED in the Star Wars universe, or any universe in total.以及在星战世界中如何使用AED,在其它世界也一样。Ill leave you with one point.我最后给大家一个忠告。Remember, if you do find yourself dealing with a Wookiee, do not shave the entire Wookiee.务必记得,如果你真的要给伍基人做心肺复苏,千万别把他全身的毛都剃了。This takes way too much time, and it only pisses them off. Thank you very much.这实在太耗时间,而且他们也会相当不爽的。非常感谢。201707/516899

  Three minutes of scoffing in Rosies house, non stop.在罗西家狼吞虎咽了三分钟 毫无停顿How embarrassing.太尴尬了Weve watched this several times,我们多次观看了这段视频and he doesnt spend much time lifting his head, looking around.并发现他没有花太多时间抬头观察周围的情况- Worrying about anything. - Exactly. Hes at home.-担心些什么 -没错 他非常自在- This is normal. - I feel that hes confidently doing this,-这很正常 -我感觉他很有自信and so hes done this probably more than once,所以他这么做了也许不止一次this may be routine for him.这可能是他的日常活动Oh, dear.噢 天啊So, yes, midnight snacking是的 吃宵夜is definitely happening in Claudes life.绝对是克劳德生活的一部分I think one of the things that Ive been surprised by令我惊讶的事情之一就是has been just how many cats are going into other peoples houses.许多猫会进入别人家Im not sure yet quite how many of those people are aware我不确定有多少人知道that those cats are coming in,那些猫进来过but one of the main reasons they come in will be to get food.但他们的主要目的之一是为了食物Theyll be stealing food from other cats, essentially.他们会从其他猫那里偷取食物I think you can almost bounce that off这几乎可以说明against the rather small numbers为何这周我们发现的猎物of prey that weve seen this week.数量十分稀少Some of that may be down to the weather,天气可能是其中一个原因but I think a lot of it is these cats are getting可我认为这里许多猫a varied diet by raiding other peoples houses,通过打劫别人家以获得多样的饮食they dont really need to go out and kill things.他们根本不需要外出捕猎重点解释:1.look around 环视例句:You have 15 minutes to look around.你有15分钟的时间到周围看看。2.more than 超过例句:There are more than 5,000 adjectives in that dictionary.那本词典中有5000多个形容词。3.go out 出去例句:He goes out drinking most evenings.晚上他差不多都到外边喝酒。201608/463775

  TED演讲集 那些匪夷所思的新奇思想201609/463923

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