2019年10月23日 14:53:07|来源:国际在线|编辑:久久大夫
暂无音频REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATIONGrand Foyer, The White HouseFebuary 4, THE PRESIDENT: Thank you, Tim, for your hard work on this issue and on the economic recovery. The economic crisis we face is unlike any we've seen in our lifetime. It's a crisis of falling confidence and rising debt, of widely distributed risk and narrowly concentrated reward; a crisis written in the fine print of sub-prime mortgages, on the ledger lines of once mighty financial institutions, and on the pink slips that have upended the lives of so many people across this country and cost the economy 2.6 million jobs last year alone.We know that even if we do everything that we should, this crisis was years in the making, and it will take more than weeks or months to turn things around.But make no mistake: A failure to act, and act now, will turn crisis into a catastrophe and guarantee a longer recession, a less robust recovery, and a more uncertain future. Millions more jobs will be lost. More businesses will be shuttered. More dreams will be deferred.And that's why I feel such a sense of urgency about the economic recovery and reinvestment plan that is before Congress today. With it, we can save or create more than three million jobs, doing things that will strengthen our country for years to come. It's not merely a prescription for short-term spending -- it's a strategy for long-term economic growth in areas like renewable energy and health care and education.Now, in the past few days I've heard criticisms that this plan is somehow wanting, and these criticisms echo the very same failed economic theories that led us into this crisis in the first place -- the notion that tax cuts alone will solve all our problems; that we can ignore fundamental challenges like energy independence and the high cost of health care; that we can somehow deal with this in a piecemeal fashion and still expect our economy and our country to thrive.I reject those theories. And so did the American people when they went to the polls in November and voted resoundingly for change. So I urge members of Congress to act without delay. No plan is perfect, and we should work to make it stronger. No one is more committed to making it stronger than me. But let's not make the perfect the enemy of the essential. Let's show people all over the country who are looking for leadership in this difficult time that we are equal to the task.At the same time, we know that this recovery and reinvestment plan is only the first part of what we need to do to restore prosperity and secure our future. We also need a strong and viable financial system to keep credit flowing to businesses and families alike. And my administration will do whatever it takes to restore our financial system. Our recovery depends on it. And so in the next week, Secretary Geithner will release a new strategy to get credit moving again -- a strategy that will reflect some of the lessons of past mistakes while laying the foundation of the future.But in order to restore trust in our financial system, we're going to have to do more than just put forward our plans. In order to restore trust, we've got to make certain that taxpayer funds are not subsidizing excessive compensation packages on Wall Street.We all need to take responsibility. And this includes executives at major financial firms who turned to the American people, hat in hand, when they were in trouble, even as they paid themselves customary lavish bonuses. As I said last week, this is the height of irresponsibility. It's shameful. And that's exactly the kind of disregard of the costs and consequences of their actions that brought about this crisis: a culture of narrow self-interest and short-term gain at the expense of everything else.This is America. We don't disparage wealth. We don't begrudge anybody for achieving success. And we certainly believe that success should be rewarded. But what gets people upset -- and rightfully so -- are executives being rewarded for failure, especially when those rewards are subsidized by U.S. taxpayers, many of whom are having a tough time themselves.For top executives to award themselves these kinds of compensation packages in the midst of this economic crisis isn't just bad taste -- it's bad strategy -- and I will not tolerate it as President. We're going to be demanding some restraint in exchange for federal aid -- so that when firms seek new federal dollars, we won't find them up to the same old tricks.As part of the reforms we're announcing today, top executives at firms receiving extraordinary help from U.S. taxpayers will have their compensation capped at 0,000 -- a fraction of the salaries that have been reported recently. And if these executives receive any additional compensation, it will come in the form of stock that can't be paid up until taxpayers are paid back for their assistance.Companies receiving federal aid are going to have to disclose publicly all the perks and luxuries bestowed upon senior executives, and provide an explanation to the taxpayers and to shareholders as to why these expenses are justified. And we're putting a stop to these kinds of massive severance packages we've all about with disgust; we're taking the air out of golden parachutes.We're asking these firms to take responsibility, to recognize the nature of this crisis and their role in it. We believe that what we've laid out should be viewed as fair and embraced as basic common sense.And finally, these guidelines we're putting in place are only the beginning of a long-term effort. We're going to examine the ways in which the means and manner of executive compensation have contributed to a reckless culture and a quarter-by-quarter mentality that in turn helped to wrought havoc in our financial system. We're going to be taking a look at broader reforms so that executives are compensated for sound risk management, and rewarded for growth measured over years, not just days or weeks. We all have to pull together and take our share of responsibility. That's true here in Washington. That's true on Wall Street. The American people are carrying a huge burden as a result of this economic crisis: bearing the brunt of its effects as well as the cost of extraordinary measures we're taking to address them. The American people expect and demand that we pursue policies that reflect the reality of this crisis -- and that will prevent these kinds of crises from occurring again in the future.Thank you very much.02/61798To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free,对于那些我们欢迎其参与自由国家行列的新国家,we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny.我们要提出保,绝不让一种形成的殖民统治消失后,却代之以另一种远为残酷的暴政。We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view.我们不能老是期望他们会持我们的观点.But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom and to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.但我们却一直希望他们能坚决维护他们自身的自由,并应记取,在过去,那些愚蠢得要骑在虎背上以壮声势的人,结果却被虎所吞噬。To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves,对于那些住在布满半个地球的茅舍和乡村中、力求打破普遍贫困的桎梏的人们,我们保尽最大努力助其自救,不管需要多长时间。for whatever period is required not because the Communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right.这并非因为共产党会那样做,也不是由于我们要求他们的选票,而是由于那样做是正确的。If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.自由社会若不能帮助众多的穷人,也就不能保全那少数的富人。To our sister republics south of our border, we offer a special pledge: to convert our good words into good deeds,对于我国边界以内的各共和国,我们提出一项特殊的保:要把我们的美好诺言化作善行,in a new alliance for progress, to assist free men and free governments in casting off the chains of poverty.在争取进步的新联盟中援助自由人和自由政府来摆脱贫困的枷锁。But this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers.但这种为实现本身愿望而进行的和平革命不应成为不怀好意的国家的俎上肉。Let all our neighbors know that we shall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in the Americas.让我们所有的邻邦都知道,我们将与他们联合抵御对美洲任何地区的侵略或颠覆。And let every other power know that this hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house.让其它国家都知道,西半球的事西半球自己会管。To that world assembly of sovereign states, the ed Nations, our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace,至于联合国这个各主权国家的世界性议会,在今天这个战争工具的发展速度超过和平工具的时代中,we renew our pledge of support to prevent it from becoming merely a forum for invective,它是我们最后的、最美好的希望。我们愿重申我们的持诺言;不让它变成仅供谩骂的讲坛,to strengthen its shield of the new and the weak, and to enlarge the area in which its writ may run.加强其对于新国弱国的保护,并扩大其权力所能运用的领域。Finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary, we offer not a pledge but a request: that both sides begin anew the quest for peace,最后,对于那些与我们为敌的国家,我们所要提供的不是保,而是要求:双方重新着手寻求和平,before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction.不要等到科学所释出的危险破坏力量在有意或无意中使全人类沦于自我毁灭。03/437800Yesterday, President Obama participated in a live YouTube interview, taking questions from people all over the country about everything from the Dream Act to renewable energy to situation in Egypt. This year, over 142,000 questions were submitted and 1,382,000 votes were cast. Check out the of your interview with the President. You can watch the whole thing or skip to your favorite questions using the links below.Download Video: mp4 (1434MB) | mp3 (36MB) 201101/124853

President's Radio Address THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. This is a pivotal moment for America's economy. Problems that originated in the credit markets and first showed up in the area of subprime mortgages have sp throughout our financial system. This has led to an erosion of confidence that has frozen many financial transactions, including loans to consumers and to businesses seeking to expand and create jobs.As a result, the government is acting to protect our Nation's economic health from serious risk. Our free enterprise system rests on the conviction that the Federal government should intervene in the marketplace only when necessary. Given the precarious state of our financial markets and their vital importance to the daily lives of the American people, government intervention is not only warranted, it is essential. In recent weeks the Federal government has taken a series of targeted measures designed primarily to stop the problems of individual firms from sping more broadly. But more action is needed. We must address the root cause behind much of the instability in our markets. America's economy is facing unprecedented challenges, and we're responding with unprecedented action.My Administration is working with Congress on legislation which will approve the Federal government's purchase of illiquid assets, such as troubled mortgages, from banks and other financial institutions. This decisive step will address underlying problems in our financial system. And it will allow financial institutions to resume lending and get our financial system moving again.The Department of the Treasury is also acting to restore confidence in a key element of America's financial system, by offering government insurance for money market mutual funds. For every dollar you have invested in an insured fund, you'll be able to take a dollar out.The Federal Reserve is also providing more liquidity to money market mutual funds, which will help ease pressure on our financial markets.The Securities and Exchange Commission has issued new rules temporarily suspending the practice of short-selling on the stocks of financial institutions. This is intended to prevent investors from intentionally driving down particular stocks for their own personal gain.Finally, when we get past the immediate challenges, my Administration looks forward to working with Congress on measures to bring greater long-term transparency and reliability to the financial system.These measures require us to put a significant amount of taxpayer dollars on the line. But I'm convinced that this bold approach will cost American families far less than the alternative. Further stress on our financial markets would cause massive job losses, devastate retirement accounts, further erode housing values, and dry up new loans for homes, cars, and college tuitions.In this difficult time, I know many Americans listening may be wondering about the security of your finances. Through the FDIC, every savings account, checking account, and certificate of deposit is insured by the Federal government for up to 0,000. The FDIC has been in existence for 75 years, and no one has ever lost a penny on an insured deposit. And this will not change.In the long term, Americans can have reason to be confident in our economic strength. America has the most talented, productive, and entrepreneurial workers in the world. This country is the best place in the world to invest and do business. And as we've seen repeatedly over the past eight years, we have a flexible and resilient system that absorbs challenges, makes corrections, and bounces back.We will weather this challenge too -- and we will do it together. This is not a time for partisanship. I'll work with Democrats and Republicans alike to steer our economy through these difficult times and back to the path of long-term growth. Thank you for listening.200809/49737

President Bush Meets with the ed Nations Security Council Permanent Representatives PRESIDENT BUSH: Mr. Ambassador, its good to see you again. Thank you very much for bringing your colleagues from the ed Nations Security Council. First, I want to thank you all very much for serving your respective countries. And thank you for being voices for peace and freedom.Weve had a really good discussion. We talked about a U.N. Security Council role for Darfur and Burma. We talked a little bit about Iran and how the ed Nations Security Council is sending a focused message that the world really offers Iran a better way forward than isolation if they will verifiably suspend their enrichment programs. And then we talked about Zimbabwe. Fridays elections, you know, appear to be a sham. You cant have free elections if a candidate is not allowed to campaign freely and his supporters arent allowed to campaign without fear and intimidation. Yet the Mugabe government has been intimidating the people on the ground in Zimbabwe. And this is an incredibly sad development.I hope that the EU -- I call -- AU will, at their meeting this weekend, continue to highlight the illegitimacy of the elections; continue to remind the world that this election is not free and its not fair.I want to thank very much the leaders in the region, those who have stepped up and spoke clearly, I appreciate them doing every -- taking their responsibility seriously. And I want to thank the members here around the table of the ed Nations Security Council for your strong presidential statement. It was a powerful statement for fairness and decency and human dignity. And I suspect youll still be dealing with this issue. And as you do, I hope you continue to speak with the same clarity that you spoke with last Monday.People of Zimbabwe deserve better than what theyre receiving now. People there want to express themselves at the ballot box, yet the Mugabe government has refused to allow them to do so. This is not just, and it is wrong.Thank you very much.200806/42944


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