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长春市吉大第四医院网址城市对话

2019年10月15日 05:59:04 | 作者:39常识 | 来源:新华社
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the Shoutout. “大声喊出来”的时间到了。Which of these constellations was named for a mythological hunter? If you think you know it, shout it out. 哪个星座是神话中的猎手命名的?如果你认为你知道,那么大声喊出来吧!Is it Aries, Orion, Pegasus or Leo? You#39;ve got three seconds, go.是白羊座、猎户座、飞马座还是狮子座?你有三秒钟的时间,开始!One of the easiest constellations to find on winter nights, Orion. 冬天夜空中最容易找到的星座就是它——猎户座。It#39;s named for the Greek mythological hunter. That#39;s your answer and that#39;s your shoutout.猎户座Orion希腊神话中一个猎手的名字。那就是你的,那就是你的“大喊”。AZUZ: It#39;s also a name of NASA#39;s newest space capsule, which is scheduled for a test flight today.这也是NASA最新的太空舱的名字,今天将进行试飞。This Orion costs 0 million. Orion太空舱造价3700万美元。It#39;s prepared to launch from Florida#39;s Kennedy Space Center. 预计将会从佛罗里达州的肯尼迪太空中心发射。The stakes are high, even though Orion isn#39;t carrying any astronauts. 尽管太空舱没有载人,这仍是一场豪赌。If this test flight fails, it could ground NASA#39;s longterm goals of transporting people well beyond the Moon.如果试飞失败,这会让NASA将人送到月球以外的计划搁浅。 /201412/347698A known disease molecule, called the target,一种已知的疾病分子 我们称为靶分子is introduced to each of the two million compounds, one by one,逐一加入到这两百万化合物中to see if anything happens.去观察是否有反应With the two million or so compounds,在这两百万的化合物中we might get a few我们可能会发现compounds that are active against that target.一些化合物对靶分子有效We then have to take that one or two hits然后我们得抓住这一个或两个的机会and the chemists will make hundreds, maybe thousands, of samples化学家根据它们的母核结构related to that original合成出成千上万的类似物structure to try and improve the activity以期提高其活性and most importantly try最重要的是to negate any safety or undesirable effects.消除一切危险的和预期外的功效We have to screen those over and over我们必须一遍一遍地筛选again to make sure that we#39;re going in the right direction.确保我们的方向正确After hundreds of millions of tests,在数以万计的测试后just a handful will make it through to trials on people.只有少量的药品会进行人体测试In all, it takes about 1 billion and 15 years#39; work总的来说 需要10亿的投入和15年的工作to find the winning compound that can become a licensed drug.才能找到一种可以获批投产的化合物The journey to a medicine is an epic journey.寻找药物的旅程是宏大的That whole process from idea through to a drug approved从想法的形成到药品审批通过的整个过程is one littered with failure.失败一直如影随形 Article/201501/355221栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201507/383291

栏目简介:《造物小百科How it’s made》介绍了许多东西的制作或者说发明方法,非常实用。其中的英语视频发音地道,内容浅显易懂,过程形象生动,是提高英语听力水平,积累英语知识和一些简单生活常识的好素材。 Article/201509/392042

From the 1850s onwards it was in Gandhara that vast numbers of Buddhist shrines and sculptures were discovered and investigated, in fact more Buddhist sculpture and architecture comes from Gandhara than from any other part of ancient India.自十九世纪五十年代以来,考古学家在犍陀罗地区发现了大量的佛教圣地及雕像,数量比在其他古印度地区发现的总量还多。And here, in the British Museum, we have a Buddha sculpture that perfectly matches the pose of the one in Battersea Park.大英物馆中就收藏着这样一尊与巴特西公园中一模一样的佛像。But this one isn#39;t gold-it#39;s carved from grey schist, a rock that contains fragments of crystal which make the stone glint and gleam in the light.但此尊却并非真金。它是由灰色页岩打造,这是一种内部含有结晶碎片的岩石,它在光照下光芒闪烁。The Buddha#39;s hands and face are more-or-less life-size, but the body is smaller, and he sits cross-legged in the lotus position with his hands raised in front of him.佛像头与手的大小与真人类似,但身体较小。他盘腿呈莲花坐,手置于胸前。On both shoulders he wears an over-robe, and the folds of the drapery form thick rounded ridges and terraces.他的双肩皆披袈裟,身上有表现袈裟褶皱厚重深刻的衣纹。This drapery hides most of his feet, except for a couple of the toes on the upturned right foot, which you can just see.脚大部分隐藏在衣之中,只露出脚心朝上的右脚的几个脚趾,你可以在这里看得一清二楚。He looks serenely into the distance, his eyelids lowered.他眼帘低垂,安详地注视着远方。And his hair is gathered up into what seems to be a bun, but which is in fact a symbol of the Buddha#39;s wisdom and enlightened state.而他的头发整体向上竖起,顶端似有发髻,但其实那是佛陀智慧的象征。Rising from the top of his shoulders, surrounding his head, is what looks like a large grey dinner-plate-but of course is, in fact, his halo.而他的双肩往上至后头后的圆盘状物体是他的光环。This virtually life-sized and lifelike figure must have been a startling sight for any Buddhist 1,800 years ago.在1800年前,这样的一尊雕像必定会令佛教徒心生恭敬。Until shortly before then, the Buddha had been represented only by sets of symbols-the tree under which he achieved enlightenment, a pair of footprints, and so on.在那之前,教徒们一直用一些象征物来代表佛陀,如他开悟时的菩提树、一双脚印等等。To give him human form was entirely new.这是他首次拥有人类的相貌。The move towards representing Buddha as a man is described by the historian Claudine Bautze-Pichron:在布鲁塞尔自由大学教授印度艺术史的历史学家克劳汀波兹匹克隆解释道。 Article/201504/368850

Hey there kiddo, back again?嗨,小鬼,你又来啦?That#39;s a nasty case of gang violence you#39;ve got there.你遇到的帮派暴力实在是太恶心了。Have they been using you as a lookout again?他们有利用你把风了?Well, don#39;t you worry.不过你不用担心。Take a drop of this on a cube of sugar, and it#39;ll keep you safe, okay?用一块方糖配一滴药水喝下去,它会保你周全,知道了吗?And if anyone says otherwise, send them to me.如果有人跟我讲得不一样,叫他们来见我。Remember, take one drop on a cube of sugar. It worked for teddy.记得,要和方糖一起吃下去。它对泰迪熊也管用。 Article/201703/495100

This sample diet is 146% over that recommendation.这份样餐已经超过推荐值的146%This sample diet shows a lower sodium intake.而这是一份低钠食品的样餐There#39;s less processed and y prepared foods这里面加工过的即食食品少一些however this diet shown does not account for但是从这份样餐中并看不出salt added during preparation of such things在加工食材,比如龙须菜和米饭的过程中like asparagus and rice.加入了多少盐Notice the marinara sauce is the major source of sodium请注意这里面的番茄酱是钠的主要来源in this diet but the total sodium intake is well below但是这份样餐的钠含量低于the recommended daily intake.每日钠摄入量的推荐值Let#39;s turn our attention now现在让我们的注意力转向to the health aspects of sodium.钠的健康方面High sodium intake has been linked to过高的钠摄入量与高血压high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.心脏病以及中风等疾病密切相关High blood pressure is also known as hypertension.高血压指的是血压高于正常值The normal value for blood pressure is 120 over 80.正常的血压应该是120/80I have listed values for pre-hypertension,我在这里已经列出了前期高血压stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension.一期高血压和二期高血压的数值It is important to know what your了解自己的正常血压值normal blood pressure is并随时注意血压的任何变化and to be aware of any increases.这一点非常重要High blood pressure is a frightening disease高血压史一种很恐怖的疾病because most people have no signs or symptoms.因为大多数人之前并不会有任何预兆迹象Risk factors include age, race, family history,高血压的风险因素包括年龄,种族,家庭疾病史sedentary lifestyle, high sodium intake,久坐不动的生活方式,过高的钠摄入量low potassium intake and alcohol and tobacco use.过低的钠摄入量以及吸烟和饮酒Sodium reduced diets may not be the answer低钠餐并不是每一个高血压患者for everyone with high blood pressure.的治病良方Sodium insensitive hypertension does exist.钠不敏感型高血压确实存在This means that there#39;s a resistance of这意味着血压的变化blood pressure changes with decreased sodium intake.与降低钠摄入量没有关系A 2007 study in Florida tested this concept.2007年的一次研究对此说法进行了验45 people participated in the trial for 1 year.45人参加了为期一年的试验The goal was to reduce body weight by 7%试验目的是,通过控制饮食和加强锻炼by restricting diets and implementing来达到an exercise plan.减肥7%的目标Salt sensitivity was tested at the beginning在试验的开始和结束and at the end.对参加试验的人进行了盐敏感度测试It was conducted to determine测试的目的是观察血压是否the blood pressure reactivity to dietary salt.会跟食物中的含盐量的变化而变化Results found that salt resistant participants试验结果表明did not experience lowered blood pressure在改善了肥胖和代谢异常问题后after correction of obesity and抗盐性的试验参加者related metabolic abnormalities.的血压并没有降下来Much research has been done to investigate人们做了很多实验来研究the role of dietary sodium and health.膳食钠和健康的关系The dietary approaches to stop通过饮食方法控制高血压hypertension or DASH study或简称DASH研究investigated the effects of a reduced sodium diet对低钠餐对血压的影响on blood pressure.进行了研究A total of 412 participants from several US cities来自于美国多个城市的412人参加了试验are randomly selected to either the control他们被随机分成控制饮食组or DASH diet for 30 days.和DASH组 Article/201505/375145

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